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Grande-Terre (main island)

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Grande-Terre (main island) , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Grande-Terre (main island) [map]

Number of species: 199
Number of endemics: 1
Number of introduced species: 12
Date last reviewed: 2019-07-14
Last modified: 2022-07-22
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Wandering Whistling DuckDendrocygna arcuataRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
HardheadAythya australisRare/Accidental
Australasian ShovelerSpatula rhynchotisRare/Accidental
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Grey TealAnas gibberifronsRare/Accidental
New Zealand TealAnas aucklandicaExtirpated

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiae

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
White-throated PigeonColumba vitiensis
Spotted-necked DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Pacific Imperial PigeonDucula pacificaRare/Accidental
New Caledonian Imperial PigeonDucula goliathEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Red-bellied Fruit DovePtilinopus greyi
Cloven-feathered DoveDrepanoptila holosericeaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
EURYPYGIFORMES: Rhynochetidae

KaguRhynochetos jubatusEndemic (country/region) Endangered

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

White-throated NightjarEurostopodus mystacalis
Silver NightjarEurostopodus exulCritically endangered

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Aegothelidae

New Caledonian Owlet-nightjarAegotheles savesiCritically endangered (possibly extinct)

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
Australian SwiftletAerodramus terraereginae
Uniform SwiftletAerodramus vanikorensis
White-rumped SwiftletAerodramus spodiopygius

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Long-tailed KoelUrodynamis taitensis
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
Shining Bronze CuckooChalcites lucidus
Fan-tailed CuckooCacomantis flabelliformisEndemic (country/region)

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

New Caledonian RailGallirallus lafresnayanusEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Buff-banded RailHypotaenidia philippensis
Spotless CrakeZapornia tabuensis
White-browed CrakeAmaurornis cinerea
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
White-faced Storm-petrelPelagodroma marina
Black-bellied Storm-petrelFregetta tropicaRare/Accidental
Polynesian Storm-petrelNesofregetta fuliginosaRare/Accidental Endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophoraRare/Accidental
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulansRare/Accidental
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental
Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleriRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castroRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern Giant PetrelMacronectes halliRare/Accidental
Southern Giant PetrelMacronectes giganteusRare/Accidental
Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolataRare/Accidental
Gould's PetrelPterodroma leucopteraVulnerable
Collared PetrelPterodroma brevipesVulnerable
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Providence PetrelPterodroma solandriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglectaRare/Accidental
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjoniana
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Grey PetrelProcellaria cinereaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoniRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilisRare/Accidental
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataNear-threatened
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Australasian BitternBotaurus poiciloptilusEndangered
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Rufous Night HeronNycticorax caledonicus
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Pacific Reef EgretEgretta sacra

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatra

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Pied CormorantMicrocarbo melanoleucos
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostrisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostrisNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctusNear-threatened
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredus
Masked LapwingVanellus miles

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisEndangered
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisEndangered
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisNear-threatened
SanderlingCalidris alba
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesNear-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Painted ButtonquailTurnix varius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabella

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudus
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Grey NoddyProcelsterna albivitta
Atoll TernGygis alba
Silver GullChroicocephalus novaehollandiae
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Fairy TernSternula nereisVulnerable
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans
Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatus
White-bellied GoshawkAccipiter haplochrousEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
White-bellied Sea EagleHaliaeetus leucogasterRare/Accidental
Whistling KiteHaliastur sphenurusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Eastern Grass OwlTyto longimembris
Pearly OwlTyto delicatula

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Nankeen KestrelFalco cenchroidesRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Long-horned ParakeetEunymphicus cornutusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Short-horned ParrotEunymphicus uvaeensisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Red-crowned ParakeetCyanoramphus saisseti
New Caledonian LorikeetCharmosyna diademaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

Barred HoneyeaterGlycifohia undulataEndemic (country/region)
Scarlet MyzomelaMyzomela sanguinolenta
Cardinal MyzomelaMyzomela cardinalis
Grey-eared HoneyeaterLichmera incana
Crow HoneyeaterGymnomyza aubryanaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
New Caledonian FriarbirdPhilemon diemenensisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Fan-tailed GerygoneGerygone flavolateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
Melanesian CuckooshrikeCoracina caledonica
New Caledonian CicadabirdEdolisoma analeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Long-tailed TrillerLalage leucopyga

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

New Caledonian WhistlerPachycephala caledonicaEndemic (country/region)
Rufous WhistlerPachycephala rufiventris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

Dusky WoodswallowArtamus cyanopterusRare/Accidental
White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucoryn

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Streaked FantailRhipidura verreauxi
Grey FantailRhipidura albiscapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

New Caledonian CrowCorvus moneduloidesEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Melanesian MyiagraMyiagra caledonicaEndemic (country/region)
Southern ShrikebillClytorhynchus pachycephaloides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

Yellow-bellied RobinCryptomicroeca flaviventris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Chestnut-breasted MannikinLonchura castaneothoraxIntroduced species
Blue-faced ParrotfinchErythrura trichroaRare/Accidental
Red-throated ParrotfinchErythrura psittaceaEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

New Caledonian ThicketbirdMegalurulus mariaeEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxenaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Small Lifou White-eyeZosterops minutusEndemic
Green-backed White-eyeZosterops xanthochroaEndemic (country/region)
Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Striated StarlingAplonis striataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus

 

References (partial list)

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