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Olhão

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Olhão , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2023

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Country or region: Olhão [map]

Number of species: 292
Number of globally threatened species: 11
Number of introduced species: 3
Date last reviewed: 2015-06-13
Last modified: 2023-04-10
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greylag GooseAnser anser
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisRare/Accidental
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufa

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Wood PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
European NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Common SwiftApus apus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Western Water RailRallus aquaticus
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
Common CootFulica atra

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Little BustardTetrax tetrax
Great BustardOtis tarda

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-petrelHydrobates pelagicus
Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castro
Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhous

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cape Verde PetrelPterodroma feae
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Scopoli's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealis
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Yelkouan ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieri
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
European White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef EgretEgretta gularisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica
RazorbillAlca torda
Common GuillemotUria aalge

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
Great SkuaStercorarius skua

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouinii
Mew GullLarus canus
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
European Honey BuzzardPernis apivorus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Griffon VultureGyps fulvus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachus
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaRare/Accidental
Spanish Imperial EagleAquila adalberti
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Little OwlAthene noctua
Eurasian Scops OwlOtus scops
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Eurasian Eagle OwlBubo bubo

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Common HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern WryneckJynx torquilla
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Iberian Grey ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Azure-winged MagpieCyanopica cyanus
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
Common RavenCorvus corax
Carrion CrowCorvus corone

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Eurasian Rock SparrowPetronia petronia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Common LinnetLinaria cannabina
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Eurasian Reed BuntingSchoeniclus schoeniclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Great TitParus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

European Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Lesser Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Crested LarkGalerida cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Isabelline WarblerIduna opaca
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern House MartinDelichon urbicum
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Eurasian Crag MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Sand MartinRiparia riparia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Western Bonelli's WarblerRhadina bonelli
Yellow-browed WarblerAbrornis inornatusRare/Accidental
Hume's Leaf WarblerAbrornis humeiRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Western Orphean WarblerCurruca hortensis
Western Subalpine WarblerCurruca inornata
Sardinian WarblerCurruca melanocephala
Common WhitethroatCurruca communis
Spectacled WarblerCurruca conspicillata
Dartford WarblerCurruca undata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Eurasian FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor
Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Rufous Scrub RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus

 

References (partial list)

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