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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Northern Ireland

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Northern Ireland , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: Northern Ireland [map]

Number of species: 369
Number of introduced species: 10
Date last reviewed: 2020-11-10
Last modified: 2021-06-21
See also: https://nirbc.blogspot.com/p/the-ni-list-test.html
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisIntroduced species
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchus
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Bean GooseAnser fabalisRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
King EiderSomateria spectabilisRare/Accidental
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandicaRare/Accidental
SmewMergellus albellus
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaIntroduced species
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosaRare/Accidental
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americanaRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
American Black DuckAnas rubripesRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Mandarin DuckAix galericulataIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufaIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Willow GrouseLagopus lagopus
Western CapercaillieTetrao urogallusIntroduced species
Grey PartridgePerdix perdix

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Wood PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
European NightjarCaprimulgus europaeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melbaRare/Accidental
Pallid SwiftApus pallidusRare/Accidental
Common SwiftApus apus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Western Water RailRallus aquaticus
CorncrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Common CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Black-throated DiverGavia arctica
Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental
Great Northern DiverGavia immer
White-billed DiverGavia adamsiiRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-petrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhous

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Cape Verde PetrelPterodroma feaeRare/Accidental
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Scopoli's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealis
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloniRare/Accidental
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Yelkouan ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieriRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigraRare/Accidental
European White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Eurasian BitternBotaurus stellarisRare/Accidental
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusIntroduced species
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Great SnipeGallinago mediaRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
RazorbillAlca torda
Great AukPinguinus impennisRare/Accidental
Little AukAlle alle
Common GuillemotUria aalge

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudus
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
Great SkuaStercorarius skua

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaRare/Accidental
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Ross's GullRhodostethia roseaRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Mew GullLarus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianusRare/Accidental
Thayer's GullLarus thayeriRare/Accidental
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias niger
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensisRare/Accidental
Elegant TernThalasseus elegansRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey BuzzardPernis apivorusRare/Accidental
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRare/Accidental
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvusIntroduced species
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Little OwlAthene noctuaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Scops OwlOtus scopsRare/Accidental
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Common HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern WryneckJynx torquilla
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridisRare/Accidental
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoRare/Accidental
GyrfalconFalco rusticolusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental
Turkestan ShrikeLanius phoenicuroidesRare/Accidental
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusRare/Accidental
Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitorRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senatorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Common RavenCorvus corax
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
House CrowCorvus splendensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Tree PipitAnthus trivialisRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisRare/Accidental
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
White WagtailMotacilla alba

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesRare/Accidental
Common RosefinchErythrina erythrinaRare/Accidental
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
TwiteLinaria flavirostris
Common LinnetLinaria cannabina
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucopteraRare/Accidental
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Black-headed BuntingGranativora melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Eurasian Reed BuntingSchoeniclus schoeniclus
Rustic BuntingSchoeniclus rusticusRare/Accidental
Little BuntingSchoeniclus pusillusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisRare/Accidental
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisRare/Accidental
Fox SparrowPasserella iliacaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Great TitParus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Horned LarkEremophila alpestrisRare/Accidental
Wood LarkLullula arboreaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern House MartinDelichon urbicum
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerRhadina sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerAbrornis inornatusRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf WarblerAbrornis proregulusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoriaRare/Accidental
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca currucaRare/Accidental
Eastern Subalpine WarblerCurruca cantillansRare/Accidental
Common WhitethroatCurruca communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Eurasian FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaeaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauuricaRare/Accidental
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosRare/Accidental
BluethroatLuscinia svecicaRare/Accidental
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

White's ThrushZoothera aureaRare/Accidental
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
American RobinTurdus migratoriusRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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