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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

US Minor Outlying Islands

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This checklist includes all bird species found in US Minor Outlying Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: US Minor Outlying Islands [map]

Description: Includes Wake, Midway, Jarvis, Johnston, Howland, Baker, Palmyra Islands, and Navassa Island in the Caribbean

Number of species: 240
Number of endemics: 2
Number of globally threatened species: 21
Number of extinct species: 2
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2013-12-09
Last modified: 2020-09-20
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Brent GooseBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Emperor GooseAnser canagicusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
Falcated DuckMareca falcataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
GadwallMareca streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americanaRare/Accidental
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaRare/Accidental
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaNear-threatened
Scaly-naped PigeonPatagioenas squamosa
Plain PigeonPatagioenas inornataNear-threatened
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRare/Accidental
Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachii
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minor
Long-tailed KoelUrodynamis taitensis
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Wake Island RailHypotaenidia wakensisEndemic Extinct
Laysan RailZapornia palmeriIntroduced species Extinct
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropusRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Polynesian Storm-petrelNesofregetta fuliginosaRare/Accidental Endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisNear-threatened
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesNear-threatened
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cautaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castroRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhous
Tristram's Storm-petrelHydrobates tristrami
Fork-tailed Storm-petrelHydrobates furcatusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennisRare/Accidental
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Phoenix PetrelPterodroma albaRare/Accidental Endangered
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisEndangered
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitataRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriVulnerable
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipesNear-threatened
Scopoli's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealis
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieriRare/Accidental
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Blue-footed BoobySula nebouxii
Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisVulnerable
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Endangered
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Japanese MurreletSynthliboramphus wumizusumeRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
Atoll TernGygis alba
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Silver GullChroicocephalus novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Western GullLarus occidentalisRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Grey-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Least TernSternula antillarum
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Pearly OwlTyto delicatulaIntroduced species
Common Barn OwlTyto alba
Ashy-faced OwlTyto glaucops

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

White-necked CrowCorvus leucognaphalusVulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansExtirpated Vulnerable
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic Critically endangered
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Atlantic CanarySerinus canaria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinus
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus
Black-faced GrassquitMelanospiza bicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisCritically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Caribbean MartinProgne dominicensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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