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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Midway Island

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Midway Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2020

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Country or region: Midway Island [map]

Number of species: 180
Number of endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 17
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2017-12-17
Last modified: 2020-09-19
See also: http://www.fws.gov/midway/seabirdpops.pdf
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Brent GooseBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Emperor GooseAnser canagicusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
Falcated DuckMareca falcataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
GadwallMareca streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaExtirpated
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Laysan RailZapornia palmeriExtinct
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropusRare/Accidental
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisNear-threatened
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesNear-threatened
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusVulnerable
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cautaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castroRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhousRare/Accidental
Tristram's Storm-petrelHydrobates tristrami
Fork-tailed Storm-petrelHydrobates furcatusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennisRare/Accidental
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisEndangered
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriVulnerable
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipesNear-threatened
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisVulnerable
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Endangered
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Japanese MurreletSynthliboramphus wumizusumeRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
Atoll TernGygis alba
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Silver GullChroicocephalus novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Western GullLarus occidentalisRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Grey-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Least TernSternula antillarum
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Pearly OwlTyto delicatulaRare/Accidental
Common Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansExtirpated Vulnerable
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic Critically endangered
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Atlantic CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisCritically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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