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Cumberland Island National Seashore

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Cumberland Island National Seashore , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Cumberland Island National Seashore [map]

Number of species: 344
Number of globally threatened species: 9
Number of introduced species: 4
Last modified: 2024-01-05
See also: https://irma.nps.gov/NPSpecies/Reports/SpeciesList/Species%20Full%20List/CUIS/2/false
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Brent GooseBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
King EiderSomateria spectabilisRare/Accidental
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americana
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
Mottled DuckAnas fulvigula
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalisRare/Accidental
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura
Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferus
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensisRare/Accidental
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis
Clapper RailRallus longirostris
King RailRallus elegans
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicus
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Aramidae

LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Great Northern DiverGavia immer

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhousRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaRare/Accidental
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealis
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieri

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violacea
Green HeronButorides virescens
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescens
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Snowy EgretEgretta thula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja
White IbisEudocimus albus
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus
Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhinga

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americana
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominica
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodus
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusRare/Accidental
Mountain PloverCharadrius montanusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
American WoodcockScolopax minor
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

RazorbillAlca torda
Little AukAlle alleRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidusRare/Accidental
Black SkimmerRynchops niger
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Royal TernThalasseus maximus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura
Black VultureCoragyps atratus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Burrowing OwlAthene cuniculariaRare/Accidental
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicusRare/Accidental
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Eastern Screech OwlMegascops asio
Barred OwlStrix varia
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosusRare/Accidental
Red-cockaded WoodpeckerPicoides borealis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescens
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Eastern Wood PeweeContopus virens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseus
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Fish CrowCorvus ossifragus
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysRare/Accidental
Bachman's SparrowPeucaea aestivalisRare/Accidental
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmus
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Le Conte's SparrowAmmospiza leconteii
Seaside SparrowAmmospiza maritima
Nelson's SparrowAmmospiza nelsoni
Saltmarsh SparrowAmmospiza caudacuta
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Henslow's SparrowCentronyx henslowii
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Bachman's WarblerVermivora bachmaniiRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanoptera
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citrea
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsonii
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilis
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosa
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandiiRare/Accidental
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominica
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisRare/Accidental
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Boat-tailed GrackleQuiscalus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Painted BuntingPasserina ciris
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Tufted TitmouseBaeolophus bicolor
Carolina ChickadeePoecile carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Brown-headed NuthatchSitta pusilla
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianus
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickiiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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