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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Hawaii

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Hawaii , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2021. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: Hawaii [map]

Number of species: 356
Number of endemics: 61
Number of breeding endemics: 2
Number of introduced species: 60
Date last reviewed: 2017-12-17
Last modified: 2021-06-13
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Emperor GooseAnser canagicusRare/Accidental
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Hawaiian GooseBranta sandvicensisEndemic
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosaRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Falcated DuckMareca falcataRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic
Hawaiian DuckAnas wyvillianaEndemic
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandicaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Gambel's QuailCallipepla gambeliiIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Kalij PheasantLophura leucomelanosIntroduced species
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Chinese Bamboo-PartridgeBambusicola thoracicusExtirpated
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Gray FrancolinOrtygornis pondicerianusIntroduced species
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinusIntroduced species
Common QuailCoturnix coturnixIntroduced species
Japanese QuailCoturnix japonicaIntroduced species
ChukarAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Erckel's FrancolinPternistis erckeliiIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsRare/Accidental
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraIntroduced species

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustusIntroduced species

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Mariana SwiftletAerodramus bartschiIntroduced species
Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiEndemic
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaRare/Accidental
Laysan RailZapornia palmeriEndemic
Hawaiian RailZapornia sandwichensisEndemic

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental
Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensis
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
SurfbirdCalidris virgataRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnax
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusRare/Accidental
Cassin's AukletPtychoramphus aleuticusRare/Accidental
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerataRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Common GullLarus canus
Short-billed GullLarus brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Western GullLarus occidentalisRare/Accidental
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue-gray NoddyAnous ceruleus
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Gray-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Inca TernLarosterna incaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Elegant TernThalasseus elegansRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilis
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripes
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Fork-tailed Storm-PetrelHydrobates furcatusRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelHydrobates leucorhous
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelHydrobates castro
Tristram's Storm-PetrelHydrobates tristrami

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Trindade PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Herald PetrelPterodroma heraldica
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultima
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectata
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externa
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisBreeding endemic
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookii
Stejneger's PetrelPterodroma longirostris
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataRare/Accidental
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental
Pink-footed ShearwaterArdenna creatopusRare/Accidental
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleri
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Newell's ShearwaterPuffinus newelliBreeding endemic
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantUrile pelagicusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisIntroduced species
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRare/Accidental
Northern HarrierCircus hudsoniusRare/Accidental
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensisRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea-EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental
Hawaiian HawkButeo solitariusEndemic
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaIntroduced species

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Pale-headed RosellaPlatycercus adscitusExtirpated

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Red-crowned ParrotAmazona viridigenalisIntroduced species
Lilac-crowned ParrotAmazona finschiIntroduced species
Mitred ParakeetPsittacara mitratusIntroduced species
Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenysIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Hawaii ElepaioChasiempis sandwichensisEndemic
Kauai ElepaioChasiempis sclateriEndemic
Oahu ElepaioChasiempis ibidisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Hawaiian CrowCorvus hawaiiensisEndemic
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Varied TitSittiparus variusExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Japanese Bush WarblerHorornis diphoneIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Warbling White-eyeZosterops japonicusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Red-billed LeiothrixLeiothrix luteaIntroduced species
Chinese HwameiGarrulax canorusIntroduced species
Greater Necklaced LaughingthrushPterorhinus pectoralisIntroduced species
Gray-sided LaughingthrushPterorhinus caerulatusExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

KamaoMyadestes myadestinusEndemic
AmauiMyadestes woahensisEndemic
OlomaoMyadestes lanaiensisEndemic
OmaoMyadestes obscurusEndemic
PuaiohiMyadestes palmeriEndemic
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

White-rumped ShamaCopsychus malabaricusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mohoidae

Kauai OoMoho braccatusEndemic
Oahu OoMoho apicalisEndemic
Bishop's OoMoho bishopiEndemic
Hawaii OoMoho nobilisEndemic
KioeaChaetoptila angustiplumaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

African SilverbillEuodice cantansIntroduced species
Java SparrowPadda oryzivoraIntroduced species
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapillaIntroduced species
Lavender WaxbillGlaucestrilda caerulescensIntroduced species
Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
Red-cheeked CordonbleuUraeginthus bengalusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Poo-uliMelamprosops phaeosomaEndemic
AkikikiOreomystis bairdiEndemic
Oahu AlauahioParoreomyza maculataEndemic
KakawahieParoreomyza flammeaEndemic
Maui AlauahioParoreomyza montanaEndemic
PalilaLoxioides bailleuiEndemic
Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansEndemic
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic
Kona GrosbeakChloridops konaEndemic
Lesser Koa-FinchRhodacanthis flavicepsEndemic
Greater Koa-FinchRhodacanthis palmeriEndemic
Ula-ai-hawaneCiridops annaEndemic
AkohekohePalmeria doleiEndemic
Laysan HoneycreeperHimatione fraithiiEndemic
ApapaneHimatione sanguineaEndemic
IiwiDrepanis coccineaEndemic
Hawaii MamoDrepanis pacificaEndemic
Black MamoDrepanis funereaEndemic
OuPsittirostra psittaceaEndemic
Lanai HookbillDysmorodrepanis munroiEndemic
Maui ParrotbillPseudonestor xanthophrysEndemic
Kauai NukupuuHemignathus hanapepeEndemic
Oahu NukupuuHemignathus lucidusEndemic
Maui NukupuuHemignathus affinisEndemic
AkiapolaauHemignathus wilsoniEndemic
Lesser AkialoaAkialoa obscuraEndemic
Oahu AkialoaAkialoa ellisianaEndemic
Kauai AkialoaAkialoa stejnegeriEndemic
Maui-nui AkialoaAkialoa lanaiensisEndemic
AnianiauMagumma parvaEndemic
Hawaii AmakihiChlorodrepanis virensEndemic
Oahu AmakihiChlorodrepanis flavaEndemic
Kauai AmakihiChlorodrepanis stejnegeriEndemic
Greater AmakihiViridonia sagittirostrisEndemic
Hawaii CreeperLoxops manaEndemic
AkekeeLoxops caeruleirostrisEndemic
Hawaii AkepaLoxops coccineusEndemic
Oahu AkepaLoxops wolstenholmeiEndemic
Maui AkepaLoxops ochraceusEndemic
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicaIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Island CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaIntroduced species
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaIntroduced species
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Red-crested CardinalParoaria coronataIntroduced species
Yellow-billed CardinalParoaria capitataIntroduced species
Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaIntroduced species
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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