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Seal Island National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Seal Island National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2023

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Country or region: Seal Island National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 258
Number of globally threatened species: 8
Number of introduced species: 4
Last modified: 2022-05-04
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americana
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Great Northern DiverGavia immer

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhous

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealisRare/Accidental
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violacea
Green HeronButorides virescens
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Snowy EgretEgretta thula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus
Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominica
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsoniaRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusRare/Accidental
RazorbillAlca torda
Little AukAlle alle
Brunnich's GuillemotUria lomvia
Common GuillemotUria aalge

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensRare/Accidental
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Eastern Wood PeweeContopus virens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Common RavenCorvus corax
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertina
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmus
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Seaside SparrowAmmospiza maritimaRare/Accidental
Nelson's SparrowAmmospiza nelsoni
Saltmarsh SparrowAmmospiza caudacuta
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
DickcisselSpiza americana
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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