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Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 212
Number of globally threatened species: 3
Number of introduced species: 3
Last modified: 2022-05-04
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusNear-threatened

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus
Greater Prairie ChickenTympanuchus cupidoNear-threatened

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Common PoorwillPhalaenoptilus nuttallii
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferusNear-threatened

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaVulnerable

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Green HeronButorides virescens
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
American WoodcockScolopax minor
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Black TernChlidonias niger
Forster's TernSterna forsteri

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Eastern Screech OwlMegascops asio
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus
Eastern Wood PeweeContopus virens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Bell's VireoVireo bellii
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusNear-threatened
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiVulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusVulnerable
McCown's LongspurRhynchophanes mccownii
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorys
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaNear-threatened
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataNear-threatened
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaNear-threatened
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Scott's OrioleIcterus parisorumRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaNear-threatened
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
DickcisselSpiza americana
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Boulder WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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