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Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 254
Number of globally threatened species: 4
Number of introduced species: 3
Last modified: 2022-04-15
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossii
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusNear-threatened

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus
Greater Prairie ChickenTympanuchus cupidoNear-threatened

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkii
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaVulnerable

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacifica

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Green HeronButorides virescens
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Snowy EgretEgretta thula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americana
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Forster's TernSterna forsteri

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Eastern Screech OwlMegascops asio
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Cassin's KingbirdTyrannus vociferans
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Cordilleran FlycatcherEmpidonax occidentalis
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Bell's VireoVireo bellii
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Plumbeous VireoVireo plumbeus
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiVulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis
Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusVulnerable
McCown's LongspurRhynchophanes mccownii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorys
Cassin's SparrowPeucaea cassinii
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaNear-threatened
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Le Conte's SparrowAmmospiza leconteii
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataNear-threatened
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominica
Grace's WarblerSetophaga graciaeRare/Accidental
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescensRare/Accidental
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Hermit WarblerSetophaga occidentalisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaNear-threatened
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockii
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaNear-threatened
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
DickcisselSpiza americana
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Boulder WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanus
Curve-billed ThrasherToxostoma curvirostreRare/Accidental
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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