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Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 354
Number of introduced species: 4
Last modified: 2024-01-05
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling DuckDendrocygna autumnalisRare/Accidental
Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossii
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Scaled QuailCallipepla squamata
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo
Lesser Prairie ChickenTympanuchus pallidicinctus

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkii
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura
Inca DoveColumbina inca

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis
Common PoorwillPhalaenoptilus nuttallii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandri
Broad-tailed HummingbirdSelasphorus platycercus
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisRare/Accidental
Greater RoadrunnerGeococcyx californianus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensisRare/Accidental
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis
Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Great Northern DiverGavia immer

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americanaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental
Green HeronButorides virescens
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensRare/Accidental
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Snowy EgretEgretta thula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaRare/Accidental
White IbisEudocimus albusRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhingaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americana
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosus
Mountain PloverCharadrius montanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Heermann's GullLarus heermanniRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Elegant TernThalasseus elegansRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Red-naped SapsuckerSphyrapicus nuchalis
Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewis
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalus
Ladder-backed WoodpeckerPicoides scalaris
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusRare/Accidental
Cassin's KingbirdTyrannus vociferans
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatus
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascens
Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Gray FlycatcherEmpidonax wrightii
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseri
Cordilleran FlycatcherEmpidonax occidentalis
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Bell's VireoVireo bellii
Plumbeous VireoVireo plumbeus
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Clark's NutcrackerNucifraga columbiana
Common RavenCorvus corax
Chihuahuan RavenCorvus cryptoleucus
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Pinyon JayGymnorhinus cyanocephalus
Woodhouse's Scrub JayAphelocoma woodhouseii
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertina
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureusRare/Accidental
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis
Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatus
McCown's LongspurRhynchophanes mccownii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Black-chinned SparrowSpizella atrogularis
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Brewer's SparrowSpizella breweri
Black-throated SparrowAmphispiza bilineata
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorys
Cassin's SparrowPeucaea cassinii
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurus
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmusRare/Accidental
Canyon TowheeKieneria fusca
Rufous-crowned SparrowAimophila ruficeps
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querula
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Le Conte's SparrowAmmospiza leconteiiRare/Accidental
Sagebrush SparrowArtemisiospiza nevadensis
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumRare/Accidental
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Lucy's WarblerLeiothlypis luciae
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla
Virginia's WarblerLeiothlypis virginiae
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaRare/Accidental
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescens
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla
Painted RedstartMyioborus pictus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Scott's OrioleIcterus parisorum
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockii
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental
Hooded OrioleIcterus cucullatus
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinus
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
DickcisselSpiza americana
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Painted BuntingPasserina ciris
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental
Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis
PyrrhuloxiaCardinalis sinuatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Mountain ChickadeePoecile gambeli

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

VerdinAuriparus flaviceps

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

BushtitPsaltriparus minimus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Boulder WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Canyon WrenCatherpes mexicanus
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensisRare/Accidental
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii
Cactus WrenCampylorhynchus brunneicapillus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanus
Curve-billed ThrasherToxostoma curvirostre
Crissal ThrasherToxostoma crissale

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Western BluebirdSialia mexicana
Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Varied ThrushIxoreus naeviusRare/Accidental
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaRare/Accidental
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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