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Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 298
Number of introduced species: 4
Last modified: 2024-01-05
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling DuckDendrocygna autumnalisRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinatorRare/Accidental
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisIntroduced species
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossii
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Scaled QuailCallipepla squamata

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkii
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Common PoorwillPhalaenoptilus nuttallii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica
White-throated SwiftAeronautes saxatalis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandri
Broad-tailed HummingbirdSelasphorus platycercus
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Greater RoadrunnerGeococcyx californianus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Great Northern DiverGavia immer

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental
Green HeronButorides virescens
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensRare/Accidental
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Snowy EgretEgretta thula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albusRare/Accidental
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americana
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosus
Mountain PloverCharadrius montanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteri

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Western Screech OwlMegascops kennicottii
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Williamson's SapsuckerSphyrapicus thyroideus
Red-naped SapsuckerSphyrapicus nuchalis
Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewis
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinusRare/Accidental
Ladder-backed WoodpeckerPicoides scalaris
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Cassin's KingbirdTyrannus vociferans
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatus
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascens
Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Gray FlycatcherEmpidonax wrightii
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseri
Cordilleran FlycatcherEmpidonax occidentalis
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Plumbeous VireoVireo plumbeus
Cassin's VireoVireo cassinii
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
Clark's NutcrackerNucifraga columbiana
Common RavenCorvus corax
Chihuahuan RavenCorvus cryptoleucus
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Pinyon JayGymnorhinus cyanocephalus
Woodhouse's Scrub JayAphelocoma woodhouseii
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata
Steller's JayCyanocitta stelleri

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertina
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Cassin's FinchHaemorhous cassinii
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis
Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatus
McCown's LongspurRhynchophanes mccownii
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Brewer's SparrowSpizella breweri
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorys
Cassin's SparrowPeucaea cassinii
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurus
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Canyon TowheeKieneria fusca
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Sagebrush SparrowArtemisiospiza nevadensis
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Baird's SparrowCentronyx bairdii
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Virginia's WarblerLeiothlypis virginiae
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescens
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockii
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
DickcisselSpiza americana
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Juniper TitmouseBaeolophus ridgwayi
Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Mountain ChickadeePoecile gambeli

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

BushtitPsaltriparus minimus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulusRare/Accidental
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Pygmy NuthatchSitta pygmaea
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Boulder WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Canyon WrenCatherpes mexicanus
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanus
Curve-billed ThrasherToxostoma curvirostre
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

American DipperCinclus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Western BluebirdSialia mexicana
Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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