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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Malheur National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Malheur National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: Malheur National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 342
Number of introduced species: 8
Last modified: 2021-03-12
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Mute SwanCygnus olorIntroduced species
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Emperor GooseAnser canagicusRare/Accidental
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossii
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalis
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americana
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
SmewMergellus albellusRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Mountain QuailOreortyx pictus
California QuailCallipepla californica

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Chukar PartridgeAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Green PheasantPhasianus versicolorIntroduced species
Greater Sage GrouseCentrocercus urophasianus
Grey PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkii
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisRare/Accidental
Common PoorwillPhalaenoptilus nuttallii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi
White-throated SwiftAeronautes saxatalis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Broad-billed HummingbirdCynanthus latirostrisRare/Accidental
Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandri
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte anna
Broad-tailed HummingbirdSelasphorus platycercus
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliope
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
Common GallinuleGallinula galeataRare/Accidental
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Great Northern DiverGavia immer

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilisRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Green HeronButorides virescens
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americana
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominica
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Forster's TernSterna forsteri

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusRare/Accidental
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Northern Pygmy OwlGlaucidium gnoma
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Flammulated OwlPsiloscops flammeolus
Western Screech OwlMegascops kennicottii
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Williamson's SapsuckerSphyrapicus thyroideus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusRare/Accidental
Red-naped SapsuckerSphyrapicus nuchalis
Red-breasted SapsuckerSphyrapicus ruber
Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewis
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusRare/Accidental
Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorus
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
White-headed WoodpeckerPicoides albolarvatus
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusRare/Accidental
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascens
Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeRare/Accidental
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusRare/Accidental
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Gray FlycatcherEmpidonax wrightii
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseri
Pacific-slope FlycatcherEmpidonax difficilis
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus
Eastern Wood PeweeContopus virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Bell's VireoVireo belliiRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsRare/Accidental
Plumbeous VireoVireo plumbeusRare/Accidental
Cassin's VireoVireo cassinii
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusRare/Accidental
Hutton's VireoVireo huttoni
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Gray JayPerisoreus canadensis
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
Clark's NutcrackerNucifraga columbiana
Common RavenCorvus corax
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Californian Scrub JayAphelocoma californica
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata
Steller's JayCyanocitta stelleri

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertina
Gray-crowned Rosy FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Cassin's FinchHaemorhous cassinii
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis
Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Brewer's SparrowSpizella breweri
Black-throated SparrowAmphispiza bilineata
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysRare/Accidental
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurus
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmusRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querula
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Sagebrush SparrowArtemisiospiza nevadensis
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumRare/Accidental
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla
Virginia's WarblerLeiothlypis virginiaeRare/Accidental
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaRare/Accidental
Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaRare/Accidental
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaRare/Accidental
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataRare/Accidental
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorRare/Accidental
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescens
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Hermit WarblerSetophaga occidentalis
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockii
Streak-backed OrioleIcterus pustulatusRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusRare/Accidental
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusRare/Accidental
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaRare/Accidental
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental
Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Mountain ChickadeePoecile gambeli

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

BushtitPsaltriparus minimus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ptiliogonatidae

PhainopeplaPhainopepla nitensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Pygmy NuthatchSitta pygmaea
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Boulder WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Canyon WrenCatherpes mexicanus
Pacific WrenTroglodytes pacificus
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanus
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

American DipperCinclus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Western BluebirdSialia mexicana
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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