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Protection Island National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Protection Island National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Protection Island National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 178
Number of globally threatened species: 4
Number of introduced species: 5
Last modified: 2022-07-26
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaNear-threatened
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Anna's HummingbirdCalypte anna
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Great Northern DiverGavia immer
White-billed DiverGavia adamsiiNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great Blue HeronArdea herodias

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Brandt's CormorantPhalacrocorax penicillatus
Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Black OystercatcherHaematopus bachmani

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Black TurnstoneArenaria melanocephala
SurfbirdCalidris virgata
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerata
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhata
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculata
Cassin's AukletPtychoramphus aleuticusNear-threatened
Marbled MurreletBrachyramphus marmoratusEndangered
Pigeon GuillemotCepphus columba
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquus
Common GuillemotUria aalge

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Heermann's GullLarus heermanniNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Western GullLarus occidentalis
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Common TernSterna hirundo

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Northern Pygmy OwlGlaucidium gnoma
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Pacific-slope FlycatcherEmpidonax difficilis
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Cassin's VireoVireo cassinii
Hutton's VireoVireo huttoni
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Common RavenCorvus corax
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Northwestern CrowCorvus caurinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertinaVulnerable
Gray-crowned Rosy FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescens
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Chestnut-backed ChickadeePoecile rufescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

BushtitPsaltriparus minimus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Boulder WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Pacific WrenTroglodytes pacificus
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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