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San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 131
Number of globally threatened species: 3
Number of introduced species: 2
Last modified: 2022-07-26
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaNear-threatened
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicola

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Great Northern DiverGavia immer

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great Blue HeronArdea herodias

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Brandt's CormorantPhalacrocorax penicillatus
Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Black OystercatcherHaematopus bachmani

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Black TurnstoneArenaria melanocephala
SurfbirdCalidris virgata
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Rock SandpiperCalidris ptilocnemis
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerata
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhata
Marbled MurreletBrachyramphus marmoratusEndangered
Pigeon GuillemotCepphus columba
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquus
Common GuillemotUria aalge

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Heermann's GullLarus heermanniNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Western GullLarus occidentalis
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Pacific-slope FlycatcherEmpidonax difficilis
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Cassin's VireoVireo cassinii
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Common RavenCorvus corax
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Northwestern CrowCorvus caurinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescens
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Chestnut-backed ChickadeePoecile rufescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

BushtitPsaltriparus minimus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Pacific WrenTroglodytes pacificus
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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