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Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge [map]

Number of species: 226
Number of globally threatened species: 4
Number of introduced species: 9
Last modified: 2022-07-26
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Mute SwanCygnus olorIntroduced species
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Chukar PartridgeAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Grey PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Common PoorwillPhalaenoptilus nuttallii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Black SwiftCypseloides nigerVulnerable
Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi
White-throated SwiftAeronautes saxatalis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandri
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte anna
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliope
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americana
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
DunlinCalidris alpina
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Forster's TernSterna forsteri

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Western Screech OwlMegascops kennicottii
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Red-naped SapsuckerSphyrapicus nuchalis
Red-breasted SapsuckerSphyrapicus ruber
Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewis
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
White-headed WoodpeckerPicoides albolarvatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascens
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Gray FlycatcherEmpidonax wrightii
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseri
Pacific-slope FlycatcherEmpidonax difficilis
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood PeweeContopus sordidulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Cassin's VireoVireo cassinii
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusNear-threatened
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
Common RavenCorvus corax
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Californian Scrub JayAphelocoma californica
Steller's JayCyanocitta stelleri

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertinaVulnerable
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Cassin's FinchHaemorhous cassinii
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Brewer's SparrowSpizella breweri
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatus
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaNear-threatened
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Sagebrush SparrowArtemisiospiza nevadensis
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescens
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockii
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Tricolored BlackbirdAgelaius tricolorEndangered
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Chestnut-backed ChickadeePoecile rufescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

BushtitPsaltriparus minimus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Boulder WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Canyon WrenCatherpes mexicanus
Pacific WrenTroglodytes pacificus
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Western BluebirdSialia mexicana
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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