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Bahrain

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Bahrain , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2023. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2023

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Country or region: Bahrain [map]

Other names: Kingdom of Bahrain

Date last reviewed: 2020-03-01
Last modified: 2023-10-22
See also: http://www.hawar-islands.com/checklist.html
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STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

Common OstrichStruthio camelusExtirpated

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anser
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosaIntroduced species
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled DuckMarmaronetta angustirostrisRare/Accidental
Red-crested PochardNetta rufinaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Gray FrancolinOrtygornis pondicerianusIntroduced species
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinusRare/Accidental
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
ChukarAlectoris chukar
Philby's PartridgeAlectoris philbyi

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Stock DoveColumba oenasRare/Accidental
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogriseaRare/Accidental
Laughing DoveSpilopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalisRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra
Gray-headed SwamphenPorphyrio poliocephalusRare/Accidental
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosusRare/Accidental
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicusRare/Accidental
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Caspian PloverAnarhynchus asiaticus
Tibetan Sand-PloverAnarhynchus atrifrons
Greater Sand-PloverAnarhynchus leschenaultii
Kittlitz's PloverAnarhynchus pecuariusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverAnarhynchus alexandrinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticolaRare/Accidental
Great SnipeGallinago mediaRare/Accidental
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Small PratincoleGlareola lacteaRare/Accidental
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniRare/Accidental
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichiiRare/Accidental
Common GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigraRare/Accidental
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Socotra CormorantPhalacrocorax nigrogularis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Striated HeronButorides striata
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great EgretArdea alba
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clanga
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Pallid Scops-OwlOtus bruceiRare/Accidental
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo buboRare/Accidental
Long-eared OwlAsio otusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensisRare/Accidental
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Arabian Green Bee-eaterMerops cyanophrys
Asian Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalisRare/Accidental
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Sooty FalconFalco concolor
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatriaIntroduced species
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Bay-backed ShrikeLanius vittatusRare/Accidental
Great Gray ShrikeLanius excubitor
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendens
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollisExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandraRare/Accidental
Mediterranean Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Turkestan Short-toed LarkAlaudala heinei
Wood LarkLullula arboreaRare/Accidental
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula
Crested LarkGalerida cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogonRare/Accidental
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricolaRare/Accidental
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Basra Reed WarblerAcrocephalus griseldisRare/Accidental
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioidesRare/Accidental
Common Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligulaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Western House-MartinDelichon urbicum
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species
White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Hume's WarblerPhylloscopus humeiRare/Accidental
Plain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus neglectusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Green WarblerPhylloscopus nitidusRare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Eastern Orphean WarblerCurruca crassirostris
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nana
Menetries's WarblerCurruca mystacea
Greater WhitethroatCurruca communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinereaRare/Accidental
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorusRare/Accidental
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaRare/Accidental
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Black Scrub-RobinCercotrichas podobeRare/Accidental
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisRare/Accidental
Rufous-backed RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotusRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monachaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Western Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Eastern Black-eared WheatearOenanthe melanoleuca
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Hume's WheatearOenanthe albonigraRare/Accidental
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopygaRare/Accidental
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschiiRare/Accidental
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Kurdish WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Persian WheatearOenanthe chrysopygia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Purple SunbirdCinnyris asiaticus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Rüppell's WeaverPloceus galbulaIntroduced species
Streaked WeaverPloceus manyarIntroduced species
Red FodyFoudia madagascariensisIntroduced species
Southern Red BishopEuplectes orixIntroduced species
Yellow-crowned BishopEuplectes aferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

African SilverbillEuodice cantans
Indian SilverbillEuodice malabarica
Crimson-rumped WaxbillEstrilda rhodopygaRare/Accidental
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensisRare/Accidental
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticusRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated SparrowGymnoris xanthocollisRare/Accidental
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Blyth's PipitAnthus godlewskiiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsRare/Accidental
BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicusRare/Accidental
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabinaRare/Accidental
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisRare/Accidental
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaRare/Accidental
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineraceaRare/Accidental
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclusRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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