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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Waterton Lakes National Park

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Waterton Lakes National Park , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2019. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2019

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Country or region: Waterton Lakes National Park [map]

Number of species: 287
Number of globally threatened species: 7
Number of introduced species: 3
Date last reviewed: 2015-05-27
Last modified: 2019-11-10
See also: http://naturevancouver.ca/sites/naturevancouver.ca/VNHS%20files/Waterton%20Bird%20List.pdf
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Wood DuckAix sponsa
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta deglandi
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusRare/Accidental
Gray PartridgePerdix perdixRare/Accidental
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Spruce GrouseFalcipennis canadensis
White-tailed PtarmiganLagopus leucura
Dusky GrouseDendragapus obscurus
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalis
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkiiRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaRare/Accidental
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Black SwiftCypseloides nigerRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisRare/Accidental
Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandriRare/Accidental
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusNear-threatened
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliope

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicolaRare/Accidental
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusRare/Accidental
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Wandering TattlerTringa incanaRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellataRare/Accidental
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Common LoonGavia immer

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
CATHARTIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes auraRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Northern HarrierCircus hudsonius
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusRare/Accidental
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalisRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Western Screech-OwlMegascops kennicottiiRare/Accidental
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ululaRare/Accidental
Northern Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium gnoma
Barred OwlStrix variaRare/Accidental
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Williamson's SapsuckerSphyrapicus thyroideusRare/Accidental
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Red-naped SapsuckerSphyrapicus nuchalis
Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewisRare/Accidental
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusRare/Accidental
American Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalis
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Downy WoodpeckerDryobates pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulus
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisRare/Accidental
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseri
Pacific-slope FlycatcherEmpidonax difficilis
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeRare/Accidental
Say's PhoebeSayornis sayaRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Cassin's VireoVireo cassinii
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusNear-threatened
Northern ShrikeLanius borealisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Canada JayPerisoreus canadensis
Steller's JayCyanocitta stelleri
Blue JayCyanocitta cristataRare/Accidental
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
Clark's NutcrackerNucifraga columbiana
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Mountain ChickadeePoecile gambeli
Chestnut-backed ChickadeePoecile rufescensRare/Accidental
Boreal ChickadeePoecile hudsonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple MartinProgne subis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Rock WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Pacific WrenTroglodytes pacificus
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

American DipperCinclus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Western BluebirdSialia mexicanaRare/Accidental
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinusVulnerable
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Gray-crowned Rosy-FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureusRare/Accidental
Cassin's FinchHaemorhous cassiniiNear-threatened
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanniRare/Accidental
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Smith's LongspurCalcarius pictusRare/Accidental
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Brewer's SparrowSpizella breweri
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysRare/Accidental
American Tree SparrowSpizelloides arboreaRare/Accidental
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisRare/Accidental
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
LeConte's SparrowAmmospiza leconteiiRare/Accidental
Nelson's SparrowAmmospiza nelsoni
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Baird's SparrowCentronyx bairdii
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteriidae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockii
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaRare/Accidental
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoena
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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