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Iraq

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Iraq , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2022. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Iraq [map]

Other names: Republic of Iraq

Number of species: 420
Number of globally threatened species: 22
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2020-03-08
Last modified: 2022-08-30
See also: http://www.iasj.net/iasj?func=fulltext&aId=66481
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STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

Common OstrichStruthio camelusExtirpated

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduataRare/Accidental
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisVulnerable
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Falcated DuckMareca falcataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferinaVulnerable
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularis
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
ChukarAlectoris chukar

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Speckled PigeonColumba guineaRare/Accidental
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turturVulnerable
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveSpilopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteiniiRare/Accidental

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiVulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melbaRare/Accidental
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra
Gray-headed SwamphenPorphyrio poliocephalus
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusNear-threatened
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusCritically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisExtirpated Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitariaExtirpated
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumRare/Accidental
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniExtirpated Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Common GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Saunders's TernSternula saundersiExtirpated
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiExtirpated
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensisExtirpated

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagGulosus aristotelisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Goliath HeronArdea goliath
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Northern Bald IbisGeronticus eremitaExtirpated Endangered
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusRare/Accidental Endangered
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarinaRare/Accidental
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisEndangered
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaExtirpated
Pallas's Fish-EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphusExtirpated Endangered
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensisExtirpated
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Long-eared OwlAsio otusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Arabian Green Bee-eaterMerops cyanophrysRare/Accidental
Asian Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalisRare/Accidental
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensis

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocoptes medius
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDryobates minor
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicusRare/Accidental
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schachRare/Accidental
Great Gray ShrikeLanius excubitor
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senatorNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Great TitParus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbeyRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigricepsExtirpated
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Mediterranean Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Turkestan Short-toed LarkAlaudala heinei
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Crested LarkGalerida cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Delicate PriniaPrinia lepida
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorumRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Basra Reed WarblerAcrocephalus griseldisEndangered
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naeviaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygosRare/Accidental
White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRare/Accidental
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalisRare/Accidental
Hume's WarblerPhylloscopus humeiRare/Accidental
Plain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus neglectusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianusRare/Accidental
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquietaRare/Accidental
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Eastern Orphean WarblerCurruca crassirostris
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nana
Menetries's WarblerCurruca mystacea
Sardinian WarblerCurruca melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Greater WhitethroatCurruca communis
Spectacled WarblerCurruca conspicillataRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Iraq BabblerArgya altirostris
Afghan BabblerArgya huttoni

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Western Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Eastern Rock NuthatchSitta tephronota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Bank MynaAcridotheres ginginianusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
Rufous-backed RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotusRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprataRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monachaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Eastern Black-eared WheatearOenanthe melanoleuca
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moestaRare/Accidental
Hume's WheatearOenanthe albonigra
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopygaRare/Accidental
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Kurdish WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Persian WheatearOenanthe chrysopygia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Yellow-throated SparrowGymnoris xanthocollis
Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Long-billed PipitAnthus similisRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineusRare/Accidental
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
TwiteLinaria flavirostrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabina
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinus
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillusRare/Accidental
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Gray-necked BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineraceaNear-threatened
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 

References (partial list)

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