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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Okinawa Island

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Okinawa Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2021. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2021

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Country or region: Okinawa Island [map]

Other names: Okinawa-jima, Okinawa-honto, 沖縄本島

Number of species: 390
Number of endemics: 2
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of introduced species: 8
Date last reviewed: 2013-05-24
Last modified: 2021-06-07
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Lesser Whistling-DuckDendrocygna javanicaExtirpated
Graylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
Swan GooseAnser cygnoidesRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Tundra Bean-GooseAnser serrirostris
BrantBranta bernicla
Mute SwanCygnus olorIntroduced species
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Mandarin DuckAix galericulata
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosa
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Falcated DuckMareca falcata
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americanaRare/Accidental
Eastern Spot-billed DuckAnas zonorhyncha
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
Stejneger's ScoterMelanitta stejnegeriRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
SmewMergellus albellusRare/Accidental
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Scaly-sided MerganserMergus squamatusRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Japanese QuailCoturnix japonica

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Stock DoveColumba oenasRare/Accidental
Japanese Wood-PigeonColumba janthina
Ryukyu PigeonColumba jouyiEndemic (country/region)
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaRare/Accidental
Asian Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
White-bellied Green-PigeonTreron sieboldiiRare/Accidental
Whistling Green-PigeonTreron formosae

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Chestnut-winged CuckooClamator coromandusRare/Accidental
Lesser CuckooCuculus poliocephalus
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Gray NightjarCaprimulgus jotaka

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutus
Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensis

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Brown-cheeked RailRallus indicus
Slaty-breasted RailLewinia striataRare/Accidental
Okinawa RailGallirallus okinawaeEndemic
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra
WatercockGallicrex cinerea
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
Slaty-legged CrakeRallina eurizonoides
Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusillaRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's RailCoturnicops exquisitus

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Siberian CraneLeucogeranus leucogeranusRare/Accidental
White-naped CraneAntigone vipioRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental
Hooded CraneGrus monachaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalusRare/Accidental
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Gray-headed LapwingVanellus cinereus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Long-billed PloverCharadrius placidus
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Spoon-billed SandpiperCalidris pygmaea
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Amami WoodcockScolopax miraEndemic (country/region)
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitaria
Latham's SnipeGallinago hardwickii
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megala
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Wandering TattlerTringa incanaRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Nordmann's GreenshankTringa guttiferRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Barred ButtonquailTurnix suscitator

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental
Japanese MurreletSynthliboramphus wumizusumeRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Saunders's GullSaundersilarus saundersi
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostris
Common GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisRare/Accidental
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripes
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelHydrobates leucorhousRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelHydrobates monorhisRare/Accidental
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelHydrobates castroRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleucaRare/Accidental
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigraRare/Accidental
Oriental StorkCiconia boyciana

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minorRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Japanese CormorantPhalacrocorax capillatus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmus
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Chinese EgretEgretta eulophotesRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Chinese Pond-HeronArdeola bacchus
Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosaRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Japanese Night-HeronGorsachius goisagi
Malayan Night-HeronGorsachius melanolophus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Black-faced SpoonbillPlatalea minor

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Crested Serpent-EagleSpilornis cheela
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaRare/Accidental
Gray-faced BuzzardButastur indicus
Eastern Marsh-HarrierCircus spilonotus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensis
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea-EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Eastern BuzzardButeo japonicus
Upland BuzzardButeo hemilasiusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Japanese Scops-OwlOtus semitorques
Ryukyu Scops-OwlOtus elegans
Oriental Scops-OwlOtus sunia
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Northern BoobookNinox japonica

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Black-backed Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx erithacaRare/Accidental
Ruddy KingfisherHalcyon coromanda
Black-capped KingfisherHalcyon pileata
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chlorisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquillaRare/Accidental
Japanese Pygmy WoodpeckerYungipicus kizuki
Okinawa WoodpeckerDendrocopos noguchiiEndemic
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Japanese WoodpeckerPicus awokeraEndemic (country/region)

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

BudgerigarMelopsittacus undulatusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Fairy PittaPitta nymphaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Ryukyu MinivetPericrocotus tegimaeEndemic (country/region)
Ashy MinivetPericrocotus divaricatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Japanese Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrocaudata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinusRare/Accidental
Bull-headed ShrikeLanius bucephalus
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusRare/Accidental
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schachRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Daurian JackdawCorvus dauuricus
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Varied TitSittiparus varius
Japanese TitParus minor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Chinese Penduline-TitRemiz consobrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Mongolian Short-toed LarkCalandrella dukhunensisRare/Accidental
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculataRare/Accidental
Asian Short-toed LarkAlaudala cheleensisRare/Accidental
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Sakhalin Grasshopper WarblerHelopsaltes amnicola
Middendorff's Grasshopper WarblerHelopsaltes ochotensis
Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolataRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Asian House-MartinDelichon dasypus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Light-vented BulbulPycnonotus sinensis
Brown-eared BulbulHypsipetes amaurotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Eastern Crowned WarblerPhylloscopus coronatus
Ijima's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus ijimae
Pale-legged Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus tenellipesRare/Accidental
Sakhalin Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus borealoides
Japanese Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus xanthodryasEndemic (country/region)
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental
Kamchatka Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus examinandus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Asian StubtailUrosphena squameiceps
Japanese Bush WarblerHorornis diphone
Manchurian Bush WarblerHorornis canturians

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Warbling White-eyeZosterops japonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Red-billed LeiothrixLeiothrix luteaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Chestnut-cheeked StarlingAgropsar philippensis
White-shouldered StarlingSturnia sinensis
Red-billed StarlingSpodiopsar sericeusRare/Accidental
White-cheeked StarlingSpodiopsar cineraceus
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

White's ThrushZoothera aurea
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental
Chinese BlackbirdTurdus mandarinusRare/Accidental
Japanese ThrushTurdus cardis
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurus
Brown-headed ThrushTurdus chrysolaus
Pale ThrushTurdus pallidus
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomus
Naumann's ThrushTurdus naumanniRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Gray-streaked FlycatcherMuscicapa griseisticta
Dark-sided FlycatcherMuscicapa sibirica
Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauurica
Vivid NiltavaNiltava vividaRare/Accidental
Blue-and-white FlycatcherCyanoptila cyanomelana
Ryukyu RobinLarvivora komadori
BluethroatLuscinia svecicaRare/Accidental
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliope
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurus
Narcissus FlycatcherFicedula narcissina
Ryuku FlycatcherFicedula owstoniEndemic (country/region)
Mugimaki FlycatcherFicedula mugimaki
Taiga FlycatcherFicedula albicilla
Daurian RedstartPhoenicurus auroreus
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Amur StonechatSaxicola stejnegeri

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Japanese WaxwingBombycilla japonica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
White-rumped MuniaLonchura striata
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapillaIntroduced species
White-headed MuniaLonchura maja
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Russet SparrowPasser cinnamomeus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicus
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Japanese WagtailMotacilla grandis
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tree PipitAnthus trivialisRare/Accidental
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoni
Pechora PipitAnthus gustaviRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Yellow-billed GrosbeakEophona migratoria
Japanese GrosbeakEophona personata
Pallas's RosefinchCarpodacus roseusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Oriental GreenfinchChloris sinica
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Chestnut-eared BuntingEmberiza fucata
Meadow BuntingEmberiza cioides
Yellow-throated BuntingEmberiza elegans
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureola
Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica
Yellow BuntingEmberiza sulphurataBreeding endemic
Black-faced BuntingEmberiza spodocephala
Yellow-browed BuntingEmberiza chrysophrys
Tristram's BuntingEmberiza tristrami
Gray BuntingEmberiza variabilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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