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Latvia

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Latvia , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2021. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: Latvia [map]

Other names: Republic of Latvia

Number of species: 378
Number of globally threatened species: 22
Number of introduced species: 3
Date last reviewed: 2016-12-04
Last modified: 2022-07-22
See also: http://www.putni.lv/saraksti/lvpsss.xlsx
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anser
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Tundra Bean-GooseAnser serrirostris
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
BrantBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisVulnerable
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Wood DuckAix sponsaIntroduced species
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferinaVulnerable
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Steller's EiderPolysticta stelleriVulnerable
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaNear-threatened
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fuscaVulnerable
Stejneger's ScoterMelanitta stejnegeriRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaRare/Accidental Endangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Hazel GrouseTetrastes bonasia
Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus
Western CapercaillieTetrao urogallus
Black GrouseLyrurus tetrix
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turturVulnerable
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Common SwiftApus apus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusillaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusNear-threatened
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Little StintCalidris minuta
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alle
Common MurreUria aalge
RazorbillAlca torda
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaVulnerable
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Ross's GullRhodostethia roseaRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Common GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/Accidental
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelHydrobates leucorhousRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeusRare/Accidental
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatusRare/Accidental
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisRare/Accidental Endangered
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Common BuzzardButeo buteo

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusVulnerable
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Eurasian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium passerinum
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Ural OwlStrix uralensis
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Eurasian Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocoptes medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDryobates minor
Gray-headed WoodpeckerPicus canus
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusVulnerable
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Saker FalconFalco cherrugRare/Accidental Endangered
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroidesRare/Accidental
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusRare/Accidental
Great Gray ShrikeLanius excubitor
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Siberian JayPerisoreus infaustus
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus
Great TitParus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Crested LarkGalerida cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligataRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaVulnerable
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Pallas's Grasshopper WarblerHelopsaltes certhiola
Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolataRare/Accidental
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Hume's WarblerPhylloscopus humeiRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulus
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nanaRare/Accidental
Greater WhitethroatCurruca communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Common FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactylaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

White's ThrushZoothera aureaRare/Accidental
Scaly ThrushZoothera daumaRare/Accidental
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacusNear-threatened
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosRare/Accidental
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliopeRare/Accidental
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurusRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Siberian AccentorPrunella montanellaRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Gray WagtailMotacilla cinereaRare/Accidental
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
TwiteLinaria flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabina
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretRare/Accidental
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalosRare/Accidental
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaCritically endangered
Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaVulnerable

 

References (partial list)

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