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Nicaragua

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Nicaragua , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2023. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Nicaragua [map]

Other names: Republic of Nicaragua

Number of species: 790
Number of endemics: 1
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2018-12-27
Last modified: 2024-03-21
See also: http://www.bio-nica.info/Biblioteca/ListaPatronAvesNicaragua2007.pdf
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TINAMIFORMES: Tinamidae

Great TinamouTinamus major
Little TinamouCrypturellus soui
Slaty-breasted TinamouCrypturellus boucardi
Thicket TinamouCrypturellus cinnamomeus

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Cracidae

Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetula
Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereiceps
White-bellied ChachalacaOrtalis leucogastra
Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens
Highland GuanPenelopina nigra
Great CurassowCrax rubra

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Tawny-faced QuailRhynchortyx cinctus
Buffy-crowned Wood-PartridgeDendrortyx leucophrys
Black-throated BobwhiteColinus nigrogularis
Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus
Ocellated QuailCyrtonyx ocellatusRare/Accidental
Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotis
Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatus

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis
Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosa
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephala
Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostris
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Inca DoveColumbina inca
Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina
Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minuta
Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa
Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraRare/Accidental
Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
Violaceous Quail-DoveGeotrygon violacea
Olive-backed Quail-DoveLeptotrygon veraguensisRare/Accidental
White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassinii
Gray-headed DoveLeptotila plumbeiceps
White-faced Quail-DoveZentrygon albifacies
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris
Striped CuckooTapera naevia
Pheasant CuckooDromococcyx phasianellus
Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygus
Lesser RoadrunnerGeococcyx velox
Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyiRare/Accidental
Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana
Dark-billed CuckooCoccyzus melacoryphusRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minor
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis
Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus
Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
Spot-tailed NightjarHydropsalis maculicaudusRare/Accidental
Ocellated PoorwillNyctiphrynus ocellatusRare/Accidental
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensis
Rufous NightjarAntrostomus rufusRare/Accidental
Buff-collared NightjarAntrostomus ridgwayiRare/Accidental
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferus
Mexican Whip-poor-willAntrostomus arizonaeRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Nyctibiidae

Great PotooNyctibius grandis
Common PotooNyctibius griseus
Northern PotooNyctibius jamaicensis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Black SwiftCypseloides niger
White-chinned SwiftCypseloides cryptusRare/Accidental
Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila
White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica
Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi
Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis
Great Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila sanctihieronymiRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora
Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneus
Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri
Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris
Stripe-throated HermitPhaethornis striigularis
Brown VioletearColibri delphinae
Mexican VioletearColibri thalassinus
Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti
Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisRare/Accidental
Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostii
Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenae
Rivoli's HummingbirdEugenes fulgens
Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris
Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantii
Green-breasted Mountain-gemLampornis sybillae
Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemus
Sparkling-tailed HummingbirdTilmatura dupontii
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris
Canivet's EmeraldCynanthus canivetii
White-eared HummingbirdBasilinna leucotis
Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimeti
Emerald-chinned HummingbirdAbeillia abeillei
Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurus
Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia
Crowned WoodnymphThalurania colombica
SnowcapMicrochera albocoronata
Coppery-headed EmeraldMicrochera cupreicepsRare/Accidental
Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximia
Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvierii
Azure-crowned HummingbirdSaucerottia cyanocephala
Blue-vented HummingbirdSaucerottia hoffmanni
Blue-tailed HummingbirdSaucerottia cyanura
Cinnamon HummingbirdAmazilia rutila
Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl
Blue-chested HummingbirdPolyerata amabilis
White-bellied EmeraldChlorestes candida
Blue-throated GoldentailChlorestes eliciae

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Mangrove RailRallus longirostris
Spotted RailPardirallus maculatusRare/Accidental
Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorRare/Accidental
Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillaris
Russet-naped Wood-RailAramides albiventris
SoraPorzana carolina
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica
Yellow-breasted CrakeHapalocrex flaviventerRare/Accidental
Ruddy CrakeLaterallus ruber
White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis
Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilis
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Heliornithidae

SungrebeHeliornis fulica

 
GRUIFORMES: Aramidae

LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Double-striped Thick-kneeHesperoburhinus bistriatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americana

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental
Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis
Wilson's PloverAnarhynchus wilsonia
Collared PloverAnarhynchus collaris
Snowy PloverAnarhynchus nivosus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Northern JacanaJacana spinosa
Wattled JacanaJacana jacanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
WilletTringa semipalmata
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Black TurnstoneArenaria melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutus
SurfbirdCalidris virgata
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Black SkimmerRynchops niger
Brown NoddyAnous stolidusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Large-billed TernPhaetusa simplexRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Elegant TernThalasseus elegans
Royal TernThalasseus maximus

 
EURYPYGIFORMES: Eurypygidae

SunbitternEurypyga helias

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelHydrobates leucorhousRare/Accidental
Wedge-rumped Storm-PetrelHydrobates tethysRare/Accidental
Black Storm-PetrelHydrobates melania
Markham's Storm-PetrelHydrobates markhamiRare/Accidental
Least Storm-PetrelHydrobates microsoma

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitata
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataRare/Accidental
Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoniRare/Accidental
Pink-footed ShearwaterArdenna creatopusRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacificaRare/Accidental
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaRare/Accidental
Galapagos ShearwaterPuffinus subalarisRare/Accidental
Black-vented ShearwaterPuffinus opisthomelasRare/Accidental
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieriRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

JabiruJabiru mycteria
Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens
Great FrigatebirdFregata minorRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental
Blue-footed BoobySula nebouxii

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhinga

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantNannopterum auritumRare/Accidental
Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianum

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatum
Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanum
Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumRare/Accidental
Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochlearius
Agami HeronAgamia agami
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Pinnated BitternBotaurus pinnatus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violacea
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescens
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Green HeronButorides virescens
Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great EgretArdea alba
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiRare/Accidental
Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensis
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja

 
CATHARTIFORMES: Cathartidae

King VultureSarcoramphus papa
Black VultureCoragyps atratus
Turkey VultureCathartes aura
Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsonii
White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus
Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisRare/Accidental
Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaRare/Accidental
Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus
Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus
Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucus
Tiny HawkMicrospizias superciliosusRare/Accidental
Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollis
Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis
Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis
Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea
Northern HarrierCircus hudsonius
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor
Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens
Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus
Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalisRare/Accidental
Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga
Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius
Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsRare/Accidental
Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus
White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus
White HawkPseudastur albicollis
Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeus
Gray HawkButeo plagiatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Whiskered Screech-OwlMegascops trichopsisRare/Accidental
Middle American Screech-OwlMegascops guatemalae
Pacific Screech-OwlMegascops cooperi
Crested OwlLophostrix cristata
Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Northern Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium gnoma
Central American Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium griseiceps
Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianum
Burrowing OwlAthene cuniculariaRare/Accidental
Mottled OwlStrix virgata
Black-and-white OwlStrix nigrolineata
Striped OwlAsio clamatorRare/Accidental
Stygian OwlAsio stygius
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
TROGONIFORMES: Trogonidae

Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno
Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massena
Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalus
Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus
Northern Black-throated TrogonTrogon tenellus
Elegant TrogonTrogon elegans
Collared TrogonTrogon collaris

 
CORACIIFORMES: Momotidae

Tody MotmotHylomanes momotulaRare/Accidental
Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessonii
Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii
Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatum
Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum
Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosa

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon
Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona
American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea
Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana
Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle inda

 
GALBULIFORMES: Bucconidae

White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchus
Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectus
White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensis
White-fronted NunbirdMonasa morphoeus

 
GALBULIFORMES: Galbulidae

Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda
Great JacamarJacamerops aureus

 
PICIFORMES: Ramphastidae

Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinus
Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus
Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilis
Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus
Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorus
Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucherani
Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmannii
Golden-fronted WoodpeckerMelanerpes aurifrons
Ladder-backed WoodpeckerDryobates scalaris
Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosus
Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus
Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensis
Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusRare/Accidental
Chestnut-colored WoodpeckerCeleus castaneus
Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplex
Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus
Slaty-backed Forest-FalconMicrastur mirandolleiRare/Accidental
Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis
Crested CaracaraCaracara plancus
Red-throated CaracaraIbycter americanusRare/Accidental
Yellow-headed CaracaraDaptrius chimachimaRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
Bat FalconFalco rufigularis
Orange-breasted FalconFalco deiroleucusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineola
Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularis
Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotis
Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusRare/Accidental
White-crowned ParrotPionus senilis
Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis
Yellow-naped ParrotAmazona auropalliata
Yellow-headed ParrotAmazona oratrixRare/Accidental
White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifrons
Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa
Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana
Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularis
Great Green MacawAra ambiguus
Scarlet MacawAra macao
Green ParakeetPsittacara holochlorus
Pacific ParakeetPsittacara strenuus
Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thamnophilidae

Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatus
Great AntshrikeTaraba major
Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus
Black-crowned AntshrikeThamnophilus atrinucha
Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus
Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis
Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticeps
Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventris
White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillaris
Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor
Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis
Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyrannina
Bare-crowned AntbirdGymnocichla nudiceps
Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul
Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniRare/Accidental
Wing-banded AntbirdMyrmornis torquata
Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolor
Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioides
Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannani

 
PASSERIFORMES: Grallariidae

Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensis
Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusRare/Accidental
Thicket AntpittaMyrmothera dives

 
PASSERIFORMES: Formicariidae

Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Furnariidae

Middle American LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanus
Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensis
Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicauda
Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroa
Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatina
Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa
Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus
Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae
Black-banded WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes picumnusRare/Accidental
Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurrans
Ivory-billed WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus flavigaster
Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosus
Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius
Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusRare/Accidental
Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii
Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinis
Plain XenopsXenops minutus
Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansRare/Accidental
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps
Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosus
Fawn-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus cervinigularis
Western WoodhaunterAutomolus virgatus
Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pipridae

Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearis
White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo altera
Velvety ManakinLepidothrix velutinaRare/Accidental
White-collared ManakinManacus candei
Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cotingidae

Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurata
Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisRare/Accidental
Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilis
Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufus
Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus
Snowy CotingaCarpodectes nitidus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tityridae

Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor
Masked TityraTityra semifasciata
Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacis
Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescens
Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus
White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus
Gray-collared BecardPachyramphus major
Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oxyruncidae

Tropical Royal FlycatcherOnychorhynchus coronatus
Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurus
Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Gray-headed PipritesPiprites griseicepsRare/Accidental
Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominus
Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatus
Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus
Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus
Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillus
Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatusRare/Accidental
Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulare
Slate-headed Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus sylvia
Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum
Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigricepsRare/Accidental
Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostris
Yellow-olive FlatbillTolmomyias sulphurescens
Yellow-winged FlatbillTolmomyias flavotectusRare/Accidental
Yellow-bellied TyrannuletOrnithion semiflavum
Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusRare/Accidental
Northern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma imberbe
Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola
Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata
Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantzii
Mistletoe TyrannuletZimmerius parvus
Tawny-chested FlycatcherAphanotriccus capitalis
Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercus
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi
Greater PeweeContopus pertinax
Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulus
Northern Tropical PeweeContopus bogotensis
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescens
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
White-throated FlycatcherEmpidonax albigularis
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescens
Buff-breasted FlycatcherEmpidonax fulvifronsRare/Accidental
Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus
Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra
Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensRare/Accidental
Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingi
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus
Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis
White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatus
Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventris
Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
Cassin's KingbirdTyrannus vociferansRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensisRare/Accidental
Loggerhead KingbirdTyrannus caudifasciatusRare/Accidental
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatus
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesRare/Accidental
Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellus
Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchiornis ochraceiceps
Lesser GreenletPachysylvia decurtata
White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Mangrove VireoVireo pallens
Bell's VireoVireo belliiRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Plumbeous VireoVireo plumbeus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosa
Brown JayPsilorhinus morio
Bushy-crested JayCyanocorax melanocyaneus
Steller's JayCyanocitta stelleri
Unicolored JayAphelocoma unicolorRare/Accidental
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilinea
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassinaRare/Accidental
Purple MartinProgne subis
Sinaloa MartinProgne sinaloaeRare/Accidental
Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventrisRare/Accidental
Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus
White-browed GnatcatcherPolioptila bilineata
Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea
White-lored GnatcatcherPolioptila albiloris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Rock WrenSalpinctes obsoletus
Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomela
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Rufous-browed WrenTroglodytes rufociliatus
Grass WrenCistothorus platensis
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianus
Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus
Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinucha
Spot-breasted WrenPheugopedius maculipectus
Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularis
Banded WrenThryophilus pleurostictus
Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbus
Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicus
Cabanis's WrenCantorchilus modestus
Canebrake WrenCantorchilus zeledoni
Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillus
White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta
Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysRare/Accidental
Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

American DipperCinclus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Blue-and-white MockingbirdMelanotis hypoleucus
Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Slate-colored SolitaireMyadestes unicolor
Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostris
Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantzii
Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanus
Yellow-throated Nightingale-ThrushCatharus dryasRare/Accidental
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina
Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejus
White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilis
Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi
Black ThrushTurdus infuscatusRare/Accidental
Rufous-backed RobinTurdus rufopalliatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Peucedramidae

Olive WarblerPeucedramus taeniatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Tricolored MuniaLonchura malaccaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Elegant EuphoniaChlorophonia elegantissima
Blue-crowned ChlorophoniaChlorophonia occipitalis
Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysRare/Accidental
Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinis
Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapilla
White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minuta
Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinacea
Olive-backed EuphoniaEuphonia gouldi
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Black-headed SiskinSpinus notatus
Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectus
Stripe-headed SparrowPeucaea ruficauda
Botteri's SparrowPeucaea botteriiRare/Accidental
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Olive SparrowArremonops rufivirgatus
Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris
Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinucha
Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiRare/Accidental
White-eared Ground-SparrowMelozone leucotis
Rusty SparrowAimophila rufescens
White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinucha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteriidae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusRare/Accidental
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus
Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleri
Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezuma
Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialis
Black-vented OrioleIcterus wagleri
Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelas
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Yellow-backed OrioleIcterus chrysater
Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelas
Streak-backed OrioleIcterus pustulatus
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockiiRare/Accidental
Spot-breasted OrioleIcterus pectoralis
Altamira OrioleIcterus gularis
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisRare/Accidental
Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus
Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus
Melodious BlackbirdDives dives
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus
Nicaraguan GrackleQuiscalus nicaraguensisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanoptera
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citrea
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiRare/Accidental
Crescent-chested WarblerOreothlypis superciliosa
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephala
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmiei
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosa
Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataRare/Accidental
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescensRare/Accidental
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominica
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorRare/Accidental
Grace's WarblerSetophaga graciae
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendi
Hermit WarblerSetophaga occidentalis
Golden-cheeked WarblerSetophaga chrysoparia
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Fan-tailed WarblerBasileuterus lachrymosus
Rufous-capped WarblerBasileuterus rufifrons
Chestnut-capped WarblerBasileuterus delattrii
Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla
Painted RedstartMyioborus pictus
Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mitrospingidae

Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentata
White-winged TanagerPiranga leucoptera
Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubica
Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicauda
Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioli
Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogaster
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolor
Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides
Blue BuntingCyanocompsa parellina
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Painted BuntingPasserina ciris
DickcisselSpiza americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillata
White-shouldered TanagerLoriotus luctuosus
Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatrii
White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusRare/Accidental
White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothorax
Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentus
Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passerinii
Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus
Yellow-winged TanagerThraupis abbas
Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvata
Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataRare/Accidental
Rufous-winged TanagerTangara lavinia
Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola
Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaRare/Accidental
Blue DacnisDacnis cayana
Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidus
Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
Cinnamon-bellied FlowerpiercerDiglossa baritula
Slaty FinchHaplospiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteola
Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
Ruddy-breasted SeedeaterSporophila minuta
Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea
Nicaraguan Seed-FinchSporophila nuttingi
Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina
Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelleti
Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisRare/Accidental
Slate-colored SeedeaterSporophila schistaceaRare/Accidental
BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus
Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus
Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atriceps
Cinnamon-bellied SaltatorSaltator grandis
Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus

 

References (partial list)

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