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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

St. Helena

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This checklist includes all bird species found in St. Helena , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2021. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2022

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Country or region: St. Helena [map]

Other names: Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha

Description: Includes Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Number of species: 204
Number of endemics: 17
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of introduced species: 34
Date last reviewed: 2013-02-21
Last modified: 2021-08-07
See also: https://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/download
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Knob-billed DuckSarkidiornis melanotosRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed TealAnas flavirostrisRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Gray FrancolinOrtygornis pondicerianusIntroduced species
Common QuailCoturnix coturnixIntroduced species
ChukarAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Rock PartridgeAlectoris graecaIntroduced species Near-threatened
Cape FrancolinPternistis capensisIntroduced species
Red-necked FrancolinPternistis afer

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Malagasy Turtle-DoveStreptopelia picturataIntroduced species
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
St. Helena CuckooNannococcyx psixEndemic Extinct
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Common SwiftApus apusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Inaccessible Island RailAtlantisia rogersiEndemic Vulnerable
St. Helena CrakeAtlantisia podarcesEndemic Extinct
Ascension CrakeMundia elpenorEndemic Extinct
Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythropsRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
Tristan MoorhenGallinula nesiotisEndemic Extinct
Gough MoorhenGallinula comeriEndemic Vulnerable
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-gartered CootFulica armillataRare/Accidental
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaRare/Accidental
African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensis
St. Helena RailZapornia astrictocarpusEndemic Extinct

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Chionidae

Snowy SheathbillChionis albusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuarius
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
St. Helena PloverCharadrius sanctaehelenaeEndemic Vulnerable
Rufous-chested DotterelCharadrius modestusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
Chilean SkuaStercorarius chilensisRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Antarctic TernSterna vittataRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusRare/Accidental
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricaudaRare/Accidental

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

King PenguinAptenodytes patagonicusRare/Accidental
Gentoo PenguinPygoscelis papuaRare/Accidental
Chinstrap PenguinPygoscelis antarcticusRare/Accidental
African PenguinSpheniscus demersusEndangered
Macaroni PenguinEudyptes chrysolophusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Southern Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeVulnerable
Moseley's Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes moseleyiRare/Accidental Endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchosRare/Accidental
Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaEndangered
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental
Sooty AlbatrossPhoebetria fuscaRare/Accidental Endangered
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataNear-threatened
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereis
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallariaRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelHydrobates leucorhousVulnerable
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelHydrobates castro

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoidesRare/Accidental
Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostris
Large St. Helena PetrelPterodroma rupinarumEndemic Extinct
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Trindade PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollisRare/Accidental
White-headed PetrelPterodroma lessonii
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaVulnerable
Atlantic PetrelPterodroma incertaEndangered
Blue PetrelHalobaena caeruleaRare/Accidental
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittataRare/Accidental
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salvini
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolata
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheri
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental
Small St. Helena PetrelBulweria bifaxEndemic Extinct
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaNear-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisVulnerable
Spectacled PetrelProcellaria conspicillataBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Subantarctic ShearwaterPuffinus elegans
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloniRare/Accidental
Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrix

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Ascension FrigatebirdFregata aquilaEndemic Vulnerable
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Cape GannetMorus capensisEndangered

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Dwarf BitternIxobrychus sturmiiRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Cocoi HeronArdea cocoiRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

St. Helena HoopoeUpupa antaiosEndemic Extinct

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Amur FalconFalco amurensisRare/Accidental

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

GalahEolophus roseicapillaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common Hill MynaGracula religiosaIntroduced species
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Tristan ThrushTurdus eremitaEndemic Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

European RobinErithacus rubecula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Scaly WeaverSporopipes squamifronsIntroduced species
Red FodyFoudia madagascariensisIntroduced species
Southern Red BishopEuplectes orixIntroduced species
White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatusIntroduced species
Long-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes progneIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Java SparrowPadda oryzivoraIntroduced species Endangered
Black-faced WaxbillBrunhilda erythronotosIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Violet-eared WaxbillGranatina granatinaIntroduced species
Southern CordonbleuUraeginthus angolensis
Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melbaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Eastern Paradise-WhydahVidua paradisaeaIntroduced species
Shaft-tailed WhydahVidua regiaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicaIntroduced species
Brimstone CanaryCrithagra sulphurataIntroduced species
Yellow CanaryCrithagra flaviventrisIntroduced species
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinusIntroduced species
Island CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species
Cape CanarySerinus canicollis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Gough Island FinchRowettia goughensisEndemic Critically endangered
Inaccessible Island FinchNesospiza acunhaeEndemic Vulnerable
Nightingale Island FinchNesospiza questiEndemic Vulnerable
Wilkins's FinchNesospiza wilkinsiEndemic Critically endangered

 

References (partial list)

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