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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Sao Tome and Principe

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Sao Tome and Principe , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2018

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Country or region: Sao Tome and Principe [map]

Number of species: 162
Number of endemics: 25
Number of globally threatened species: 14
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2013-02-21
Last modified: 2018-07-07
See also: https://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/download
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Comb DuckSarkidiornis melanotos
African Pygmy GooseNettapus auritusRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
Scaly FrancolinPternistis squamatus
Red-necked SpurfowlPternistis afer

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoeniconaias minorNear-threatened

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
African Olive PigeonColumba arquatrix
São Tomé Olive PigeonColumba thomensisEndemic Endangered
São Tomé Bronze-naped PigeonColumba malherbiiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Lemon DoveAplopelia larvata
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
African Green PigeonTreron calvus
São Tomé Green PigeonTreron sanctithomaeEndemic Vulnerable

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

São Tomé Spinetailed SwiftZoonavena thomensisEndemic
African Palm SwiftCypsiurus parvus
Little SwiftApus affinis
Pallid SwiftApus pallidusRare/Accidental
Common SwiftApus apusRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Jacobin CuckooClamator jacobinus
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreus
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

African RailRallus caerulescens
African CrakeCrex egregia
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulata

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-petrelHydrobates pelagicus
Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castro

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

European White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Striated HeronButorides striata
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaRare/Accidental
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef EgretEgretta gularis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Olive IbisBostrychia olivacea
São Tomé IbisBostrychia bocageiEndemic Critically endangered

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Cape GannetMorus capensisEndangered
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatra

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominica
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensis
White-backed VultureGyps africanusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Black KiteMilvus migrans

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

São Tomé Scops OwlOtus hartlaubiEndemic Vulnerable
African Scops OwlOtus senegalensis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

White-bellied KingfisherCorythornis leucogaster
African Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis
Blue-breasted KingfisherHalcyon malimbica

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Grey ParrotPsittacus erithacus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Red-headed LovebirdAgapornis pullarius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

São Tomé OrioleOriolus crassirostrisEndemic Vulnerable
Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis
Velvet-mantled DrongoDicrurus modestus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minor
Newton's FiscalLanius newtoniEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

São Tomé Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone atrochalybeiaEndemic
Red-bellied Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone rufiventer

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Principe SunbirdAnabathmis hartlaubiiEndemic
Newton's SunbirdAnabathmis newtoniiEndemic
Giant SunbirdDreptes thomensisEndemic Vulnerable
Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivacea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Red-headed QueleaQuelea erythrops
Golden-backed BishopEuplectes aureus
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatus
Principe Golden WeaverPloceus princepsEndemic
Southern Masked WeaverPloceus velatus
Vitelline Masked WeaverPloceus vitellinus
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusIntroduced species
Giant WeaverPloceus grandisEndemic
Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalus
São Tomé WeaverPloceus sanctithomaeEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Blue-breasted Cordon-bleuUraeginthus angolensisIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Chestnut-breasted NegrofinchNigrita bicolor
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura
Eastern Paradise WhydahVidua paradisaeaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaRare/Accidental
African WagtailMotacilla aguimp
Bocage's LongbillAmaurocichla bocagiiEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambica
Principe CanaryCrithagra rufobrunneaEndemic
São Tomé GrosbeakNeospiza concolorEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

São Tomé PriniaPrinia molleriEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Grey-rumped SwallowPseudhirundo griseopygaRare/Accidental
Northern House MartinDelichon urbicum
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Banded MartinNeophedina cincta
Sand MartinRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Garden WarblerSylvia borinRare/Accidental
Dohrn's WarblerSylvia dohrni

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Principe White-eyeZosterops ficedulinusEndemic Vulnerable
Sao Tome White-eyeZosterops feaeEndemic Vulnerable
Principe SpeiropsZosterops leucophaeusEndemic Near-threatened
Black-capped SpeiropsZosterops lugubrisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Chestnut-winged StarlingOnychognathus fulgidus
Principe Glossy StarlingLamprotornis ornatusEndemic
Splendid Glossy StarlingLamprotornis splendidus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
WhinchatSaxicola rubetraRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Principe ThrushTurdus xanthorhynchusEndemic Critically endangered
São Tomé ThrushTurdus olivaceofuscusEndemic Near-threatened

 

References (partial list)

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