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Syria

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Syria , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2023. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Birds Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2024

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Country or region: Syria [map]

Other names: Syrian Arab Republic

Number of species: 410
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2020-03-01
Last modified: 2024-03-18
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STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

Common OstrichStruthio camelusExtirpated

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anser
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisRare/Accidental
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusRare/Accidental
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled DuckMarmaronetta angustirostris
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyroca
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisIntroduced species
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephala

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularisRare/Accidental
Sand PartridgeAmmoperdix heyiRare/Accidental
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
ChukarAlectoris chukar

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveSpilopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tarda
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Little BustardTetrax tetrax

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptiusRare/Accidental
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water RailRallus aquaticus
Corn CrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra
Gray-headed SwamphenPorphyrio poliocephalus
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgoRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicusRare/Accidental
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregarius
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Caspian PloverAnarhynchus asiaticusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverAnarhynchus leschenaultii
Kentish PloverAnarhynchus alexandrinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Great SnipeGallinago media
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanni
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouinii
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Common GullLarus canus
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Common TernSterna hirundo
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Yelkouan ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagGulosus aristotelisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellarisRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Great EgretArdea alba
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Goliath HeronArdea goliath

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Northern Bald IbisGeronticus eremita
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterus
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusRare/Accidental
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotosRare/Accidental
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clanga
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliaca
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciataRare/Accidental
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourus
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Eurasian GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eurasian Scops-OwlOtus scops
Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensis
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Maghreb OwlStrix mauritanica
Desert OwlStrix hadorami
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereusRare/Accidental

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Arabian Green Bee-eaterMerops cyanophrysRare/Accidental
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocoptes medius
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinus
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorRare/Accidental
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Laggar FalconFalco juggerRare/Accidental
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Great Gray ShrikeLanius excubitorRare/Accidental
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipidurus
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Great TitParus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbeyRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Arabian LarkEremalauda eremodites
Mediterranean Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Turkestan Short-toed LarkAlaudala heinei
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Crested LarkGalerida cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis
Delicate PriniaPrinia lepida
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricolaRare/Accidental
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Basra Reed WarblerAcrocephalus griseldisRare/Accidental
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naeviaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Western House-MartinDelichon urbicum
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus
White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis
White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Eastern Orphean WarblerCurruca crassirostris
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nana
Menetries's WarblerCurruca mystacea
Rüppell's WarblerCurruca ruppeli
Sardinian WarblerCurruca melanocephala
Eastern Subalpine WarblerCurruca cantillans
Greater WhitethroatCurruca communis
Spectacled WarblerCurruca conspicillata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Iraq BabblerArgya altirostris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Common FirecrestRegulus ignicapillaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Western Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca
Eastern Black-eared WheatearOenanthe melanoleuca
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
BlackstartOenanthe melanura
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopygaRare/Accidental
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Kurdish WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymnaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Palestine SunbirdCinnyris osea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collarisRare/Accidental
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Yellow-throated SparrowGymnoris xanthocollis
Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesRare/Accidental
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
TwiteLinaria flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabina
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinus
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Gray-necked BuntingEmberiza buchananiRare/Accidental
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineracea
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesia
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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