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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Turkmenistan

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Turkmenistan , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2018

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Country or region: Turkmenistan [map]

Number of species: 410
Number of globally threatened species: 21
Last modified: 2018-06-10
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisVulnerable
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Bean GooseAnser fabalis
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferinaVulnerable
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
Chukar PartridgeAlectoris chukar
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularis
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Eurasian Black GrouseLyrurus tetrix

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
Hill PigeonColumba rupestris
Snow PigeonColumba leuconota
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Pale-backed PigeonColumba eversmanniVulnerable
Wood PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle DoveStreptopelia turturVulnerable
Oriental Turtle DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

European NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Little SwiftApus affinis
Common SwiftApus apus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common KoelEudynamys scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Western Water RailRallus aquaticus
CorncrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Common CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Siberian CraneLeucogeranus leucogeranusCritically endangered
Demoiselle CraneGrus virgo
Common CraneGrus grus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened
Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiVulnerable

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Black-throated DiverGavia arctica

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
European White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Eurasian BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusNear-threatened
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusCritically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitaria
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-coloured CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalus
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Mew GullLarus canus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey BuzzardPernis apivorus
Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatusNear-threatened
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Griffon VultureGyps fulvus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisEndangered
Eastern Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
ShikraAccipiter badius
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Pallas's Fish EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphusEndangered
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Little OwlAthene noctua
Eurasian Scops OwlOtus scops
Pallid Scops OwlOtus brucei
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusVulnerable
Eurasian Eagle OwlBubo bubo

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Common HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern WryneckJynx torquilla
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Scaly-bellied WoodpeckerPicus squamatus
White-winged WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucopterus
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Laggar FalconFalco juggerNear-threatened
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
Indian Golden OrioleOriolus kundoo

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Brown ShrikeLanius cristatusRare/Accidental
Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Turkestan ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Bay-backed ShrikeLanius vittatus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minor
Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitor
Northern ShrikeLanius borealis
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Alpine ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Turkestan Ground JayPodoces panderi
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Common RavenCorvus corax
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Carrion CrowCorvus corone

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Indian Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone paradisi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Brown AccentorPrunella fulvescens
DunnockPrunella modularis
Black-throated AccentorPrunella atrogularis
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Saxaul SparrowPasser ammodendri
House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Sarudny's SparrowPasser zarudnyi
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Pale Rock SparrowCarpospiza brachydactyla
Eurasian Rock SparrowPetronia petronia
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis
Afghan SnowfinchPyrgilauda theresae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisNear-threatened
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
White-winged GrosbeakMycerobas carnipes
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Common RosefinchErythrina erythrina
Red-fronted RosefinchCarpodacus puniceus
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Mongolian FinchEremopsaltria mongolica
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
TwiteLinaria flavirostris
Common LinnetLinaria cannabina
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Red-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Red-headed BuntingGranativora bruniceps
Black-headed BuntingGranativora melanocephala
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Grey-necked BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
White-capped BuntingEmberiza stewarti
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Eurasian Reed BuntingSchoeniclus schoeniclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Rufous-naped TitPeriparus rufonuchalis
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus
Great TitParus major
Turkestan TitParus bokharensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

European Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus
Black-headed Penduline TitRemiz macronyx
Eastern Penduline TitRemiz consobrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Lesser Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensis
Hume's Short-toed LarkCalandrella acutirostris
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Wood LarkLullula arborea
White-winged LarkAlauda leucoptera
Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Oriental Sky LarkAlauda gulgula
Crested LarkGalerida cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Grasshopper WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligata
Sykes's WarblerIduna rama
Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern House MartinDelichon urbicum
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Eurasian Crag MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Plain MartinRiparia paludicola
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Pale MartinRiparia dilutaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Wood WarblerRhadina sibilatrix
Brooks's Leaf WarblerAbrornis subviridis
Yellow-browed WarblerAbrornis inornatus
Pallas's Leaf WarblerAbrornis proregulusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus lorenzii
Plain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus neglectus
Sulphur-bellied WarblerPhylloscopus griseolus
Green Leaf WarblerSeicercus nitidus
Greenish Leaf WarblerSeicercus trochiloides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Streaked Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

White-browed Tit WarblerLeptopoecile sophiae
Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nana
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Eastern Orphean WarblerCurruca crassirostris
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Ménétries's WarblerCurruca mystacea
Common WhitethroatCurruca communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

Grey HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Bar-tailed TreecreeperCerthia himalayana
Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Western Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Eastern Rock NuthatchSitta tephronota
WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
Common MynaAcridotheres tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Rufous Scrub RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated IraniaIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Blue Whistling ThrushMyophonus caeruleus
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Semi-collared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Eversmann's RedstartAdelura erythronota
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Common Rock ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
Eastern StonechatSaxicola maurus
Pied Bush ChatSaxicola caprata
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Variable WheatearOenanthe picata
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Kurdish WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacusNear-threatened
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis

 

References (partial list)

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