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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Zanzibar Archipelago

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Zanzibar Archipelago , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2018

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Country or region: Zanzibar Archipelago [map]

Description: Including Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia

Number of species: 345
Number of endemics: 4
Number of globally threatened species: 10
Number of introduced species: 9
Last modified: 2018-09-03
See also: http://www.allaboutzanzibar.com/indepth/ecology/02-landecology/id-02-03-birdlist.htm
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling DuckDendrocygna viduata
Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
Red-billed TealAnas erythrorhyncha
White-backed DuckThalassornis leuconotus
African Pygmy GooseNettapus auritus

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris
Crested GuineafowlGuttera pucherani

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
Blue QuailSynoicus adansonii
Crested FrancolinDendroperdix sephaenaExtirpated

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Eastern Bronze-naped PigeonColumba delegorguei
Dusky Turtle DoveStreptopelia lugens
Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicola
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensisIntroduced species
African Green PigeonTreron calvus
Pemba Green PigeonTreron pembaensisEndemic Vulnerable
Emerald-spotted Wood DoveTurtur chalcospilos
Blue-spotted Wood DoveTurtur afer
Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
Namaqua DoveOena capensisIntroduced species

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Slender-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus clarus
Mozambique NightjarCaprimulgus fossii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Mottled Spinetailed SwiftTelacanthura ussheri
Böhm's Spinetailed SwiftNeafrapus boehmi
African Palm SwiftCypsiurus parvus
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer
Horus SwiftApus horus
Little SwiftApus affinis
Common SwiftApus apus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus
YellowbillCeuthmochares aereus
Jacobin CuckooClamator jacobinus
Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantii
Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
Diederick CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
Madagascar CuckooCuculus rochii

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Black CrakeZapornia flavirostra
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleni
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulata

 
GRUIFORMES: Sarothruridae

Buff-spotted FlufftailSarothrura elegans
Red-chested FlufftailSarothrura rufa

 
MUSOPHAGIFORMES: Musophagidae

Fischer's TuracoTauraco fischeriNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacificaRare/Accidental
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis
African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerus
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Dwarf BitternIxobrychus sturmii
White-backed Night HeronGorsachius leuconotus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Madagascar Pond HeronArdeola idaeEndangered
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
Goliath HeronArdea goliath
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef EgretEgretta gularis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

African Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Cape GannetMorus capensisEndangered
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Masked BoobySula dactylatra

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
PELECANIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Water Thick-kneeBurhinus vermiculatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollaris
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatus
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
White-headed LapwingVanellus albiceps
Senegal LapwingVanellus lugubris
African Wattled LapwingVanellus senegallus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Common ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-ploverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
African SkimmerRynchops flavirostrisNear-threatened
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatranaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
African Cuckoo HawkAviceda cuculoides
African Harrier HawkPolyboroides typus
Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensis
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusNear-threatened
Black-chested Snake EagleCircaetus pectoralis
Western Banded Snake EagleCircaetus cinerascens
Rüppell's VultureGyps rueppelliCritically endangered
Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisEndangered
Lizard BuzzardKaupifalco monogrammicus
Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
African GoshawkAccipiter tachiro
ShikraAccipiter badius
Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullus
Black SparrowhawkAccipiter melanoleucus
African Fish EagleHaliaeetus vocifer
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Augur BuzzardButeo augur

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

African Barred OwletGlaucidium capense
Pemba Scops OwlOtus pembaensisEndemic Vulnerable
African Wood OwlStrix woodfordii

 
COLIIFORMES: Coliidae

Speckled MousebirdColius striatusExtirpated

 
TROGONIFORMES: Trogonidae

Narina's TrogonApaloderma narina

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Bucerotidae

Southern Ground HornbillBucorvus leadbeateriVulnerable
Crowned HornbillTockus alboterminatus

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Phoeniculidae

Green Wood-hoopoePhoeniculus purpureus
Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelas
Abyssinian ScimitarbillRhinopomastus minor

 
PICIFORMES: Indicatoridae

Lesser HoneyguideIndicator minor

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Golden-tailed WoodpeckerCampethera abingoni
Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautii
Cardinal WoodpeckerDendropicos fuscescens

 
PICIFORMES: Ramphastidae

Eastern Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplex
Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatus
Red-fronted TinkerbirdPogoniulus pusillus
Yellow-fronted TinkerbirdPogoniulus chrysoconus
White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollis
Olive Bee-eaterMerops superciliosus
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster
Swallow-tailed Bee-eaterMerops hirundineus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naevius
Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatus
European RollerCoracias garrulus
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

African Pygmy KingfisherIspidina picta
African Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis
Grey-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicuti
Mangrove KingfisherHalcyon senegaloides

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Grey KestrelFalco ardosiaceus
Dickinson's KestrelFalco dickinsoni
Red-necked FalconFalco chicquera
Amur FalconFalco amurensis
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
African HobbyFalco cuvierii
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Taita FalconFalco fasciinuchaVulnerable

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Grey ParrotPsittacus erithacus
Brown-headed ParrotPoicephalus cryptoxanthus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Grey-headed LovebirdAgapornis canusIntroduced species
Fischer's LovebirdAgapornis fischeriNear-threatened
Yellow-collared LovebirdAgapornis personatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flava

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
African Golden OrioleOriolus auratus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Platysteiridae

Chinspot BatisBatis molitor
East Coast BatisBatis soror
Black-headed BatisBatis minor
Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cubla
Brown-crowned TchagraTchagra australis
Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus
Orange-breasted Bush-shrikeChlorophoneus sulfureopectus
Fülleborn's BoubouLaniarius fuelleborni
Lühder's Bush-shrikeLaniarius luehderi
Tropical BoubouLaniarius aethiopicus
East Coast BoubouLaniarius sublacteus
Gorgeous Bush-shrikeTelophorus viridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Square-tailed DrongoDicrurus ludwigii
Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Turkestan ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Pied CrowCorvus albus
House CrowCorvus splendensIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Blue-mantled Paradise-flycatcherTrochocercus cyanomelas
African Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Plain-backed SunbirdAnthreptes reichenowiNear-threatened
Collared SunbirdHedydipna collaris
Amani SunbirdHedydipna pallidigasterEndangered
Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivacea
Mouse-coloured SunbirdCyanomitra verreauxii
Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystina
Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensis
Hunter's SunbirdChalcomitra hunteri
Purple-banded SunbirdCinnyris bifasciatus
Violet-breasted SunbirdCinnyris chalcomelas
Pemba SunbirdCinnyris pembaeEndemic
Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Rufous-tailed WeaverHisturgops ruficauda
Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifrons
Red-billed QueleaQuelea quelea
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
Southern Red BishopEuplectes orix
Fan-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes axillaris
Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularis
African Golden WeaverPloceus subaureus
Holub's WeaverPloceus xanthops
Golden Palm WeaverPloceus bojeri
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalus
Dark-backed WeaverPloceus bicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Orange-winged PytiliaPytilia afra
Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melba
Purple GrenadierGranatina ianthinogaster
Blue-breasted Cordon-bleuUraeginthus angolensisIntroduced species
Blue-capped Cordon-bleuUraeginthus cyanocephalus
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild
Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidula
Zebra WaxbillAmandava subflava
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullata
Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolor
Magpie MannikinSpermestes fringilloides
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura
Parasitic WeaverAnomalospiza imberbis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
Northern Grey-headed SparrowPasser griseus
Southern Grey-headed SparrowPasser diffusus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
African WagtailMotacilla aguimp

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nicatoridae

Western NicatorNicator chloris
Eastern NicatorNicator gularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Yellow-bellied EremomelaEremomela icteropygialis
Green-capped EremomelaEremomela scotops
Bar-throated ApalisApalis thoracica
Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavida
Black-headed ApalisApalis melanocephala
Grey-backed CamaropteraCamaroptera brachyura
Rattling CisticolaCisticola chiniana
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflava

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Little Rush WarblerBradypterus baboecala

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Lesser Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern House MartinDelichon urbicum
Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinica
Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensis
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Angolan SwallowHirundo angolensis
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Mascarene MartinPhedina borbonica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Sombre GreenbulAndropadus importunus
Yellow-bellied GreenbulChlorocichla flaviventris
Little GreenbulEurillas virens
Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisEndemic (country/region)
Pemba White-eyeZosterops vaughaniEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pellorneidae

Pale-breasted Thrush BabblerIlladopsis rufipennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Buphagidae

Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorhynchus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinerea
Rüppell's Glossy StarlingLamprotornis purpuroptera
Lesser Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chloropterus
Greater Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeus
Amethyst StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster
Black-bellied StarlingNotopholia corusca

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Eastern Bearded Scrub RobinCercotrichas quadrivirgata
Miombo Bearded Scrub RobinCercotrichas barbata
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Ashy FlycatcherMuscicapa caerulescens
Pale FlycatcherBradornis pallidus
African Grey FlycatcherBradornis microrhynchus
White-browed Robin ChatCossypha heuglini
Red-capped Robin ChatCossypha natalensis
East Coast AkalatSheppardia gunningiNear-threatened
Common Rock ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Capped WheatearOenanthe pileata
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Red-tailed Ant ThrushNeocossyphus rufus

 

References (partial list)

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