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Zanzibar Island

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This checklist includes all bird species found inNULL Zanzibar Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2017. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International inNULL Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2018

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Country or region: Zanzibar Island [map]
Number of species: 323
Number of introduced species: 9
Last modified: 2017-08-29
See also: http://www.allaboutzanzibar.com/indepth/ecology/02-landecology/id-02-03-birdlist.htm

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduata
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
White-backed DuckThalassornis leuconotus
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiaca
African Pygmy-GooseNettapus auritus
Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhyncha

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris
Crested GuineafowlGuttera pucherani

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Blue QuailSynoicus adansonii
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
Crested FrancolinDendroperdix sephaenaExtirpated

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacificaRare/Accidental
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerus
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Cape GannetMorus capensisEndangered

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed CormorantMicrocarbo africanus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Dwarf BitternIxobrychus sturmii
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Madagascar Pond-HeronArdeola idaeEndangered
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
White-backed Night-HeronGorsachius leuconotus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typus
Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensis
Rüppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliCritically endangered
Black-breasted Snake-EagleCircaetus pectoralis
Banded Snake-EagleCircaetus cinerascens
Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisEndangered
Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
African GoshawkAccipiter tachiro
ShikraAccipiter badius
Little SparrowhawkAccipiter minullus
Black GoshawkAccipiter melanoleucus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
African Fish-EagleHaliaeetus vocifer

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Black CrakeZapornia flavirostra
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleni
African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensis
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus

 
GRUIFORMES: Sarothruridae

Buff-spotted FlufftailSarothrura elegans
Red-chested FlufftailSarothrura rufa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Water Thick-kneeBurhinus vermiculatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Senegal LapwingVanellus lugubris
Wattled LapwingVanellus senegallus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatranaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
African SkimmerRynchops flavirostrisNear-threatened

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Delegorgue's PigeonColumba delegorguei
Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugens
Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicola
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensisIntroduced species
Emerald-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur chalcospilos
Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur afer
Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
Namaqua DoveOena capensisIntroduced species
African Green-PigeonTreron calvus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Musophagidae

Fischer's TuracoTauraco fischeriNear-threatened

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus
Green MalkohaCeuthmochares australis
Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantii
Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
Madagascar CuckooCuculus rochii

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Pemba Scops-OwlOtus pembaensisVulnerable
African Barred OwletGlaucidium capense
African Wood-OwlStrix woodfordii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Square-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus fossii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Mottled SpinetailTelacanthura ussheri
Bat-like SpinetailNeafrapus boehmi
Common SwiftApus apus
Little SwiftApus affinis
Horus SwiftApus horus
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus

 
COLIIFORMES: Coliidae

Speckled MousebirdColius striatusExtirpated

 
TROGONIFORMES: Trogonidae

Narina TrogonApaloderma narina

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Phoeniculidae

Green WoodhoopoePhoeniculus purpureus
Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelas
Abyssinian ScimitarbillRhinopomastus minor

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Bucorvidae

Southern Ground-HornbillBucorvus leadbeateriVulnerable

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Bucerotidae

Crowned HornbillLophoceros alboterminatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
African Pygmy-KingfisherIspidina picta
Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Mangrove KingfisherHalcyon senegaloides
Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicuti
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Swallow-tailed Bee-eaterMerops hirundineus
White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollis
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
Madagascar Bee-eaterMerops superciliosus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatus
Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naevius
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus

 
PICIFORMES: Lybiidae

Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplex
Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatus
Red-fronted TinkerbirdPogoniulus pusillus
Yellow-fronted TinkerbirdPogoniulus chrysoconus
White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalus

 
PICIFORMES: Indicatoridae

Lesser HoneyguideIndicator minor

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Golden-tailed WoodpeckerCampethera abingoni
Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautii
Cardinal WoodpeckerDendropicos fuscescens

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Gray KestrelFalco ardosiaceus
Dickinson's KestrelFalco dickinsoni
Red-necked FalconFalco chicquera
Amur FalconFalco amurensis
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
African HobbyFalco cuvierii
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Taita FalconFalco fasciinuchaVulnerable

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Gray-headed LovebirdAgapornis canusIntroduced species
Fischer's LovebirdAgapornis fischeriNear-threatened
Yellow-collared LovebirdAgapornis personatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Gray ParrotPsittacus erithacus
Brown-headed ParrotPoicephalus cryptoxanthus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Platysteiridae

Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltata
Chinspot BatisBatis molitor
Pale BatisBatis soror
Black-headed BatisBatis minor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cubla
Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus
Brown-crowned TchagraTchagra australis
Lühder's BushshrikeLaniarius luehderi
Tropical BoubouLaniarius major
Zanzibar BoubouLaniarius sublacteus
Fülleborn's BoubouLaniarius fuelleborni

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black CuckooshrikeCampephaga flava

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
African Golden OrioleOriolus auratus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Square-tailed DrongoDicrurus ludwigii
Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

African Crested-FlycatcherTrochocercus cyanomelas
African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendensIntroduced species
Pied CrowCorvus albus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nicatoridae

Western NicatorNicator chloris
Eastern NicatorNicator gularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Mascarene MartinPhedina borbonica
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Lesser Striped-SwallowCecropis abyssinica
Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensis
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Sombre GreenbulAndropadus importunus
Little GreenbulEurillas virens
Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Lesser Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Little Rush-WarblerBradypterus baboecala
Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Bar-throated ApalisApalis thoracica
Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavida
Green-backed CamaropteraCamaroptera brachyura
Rattling CisticolaCisticola chiniana
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Tawny-flanked PriniaPrinia subflava
Yellow-bellied EremomelaEremomela icteropygialis
Greencap EremomelaEremomela scotops

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pellorneidae

Pale-breasted IlladopsisIlladopsis rufipennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Grayish FlycatcherBradornis microrhynchus
Pale FlycatcherAgricola pallidus
Ashy FlycatcherFraseria caerulescens
Bearded Scrub-RobinCercotrichas quadrivirgata
Miombo Scrub-RobinCercotrichas barbata
White-browed Robin-ChatCossypha heuglini
Red-capped Robin-ChatCossypha natalensis
East Coast AkalatSheppardia gunningiNear-threatened
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Capped WheatearOenanthe pileata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Red-tailed Ant-ThrushNeocossyphus rufus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinerea
Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster
Black-bellied StarlingNotopholia corrusca
Rüppell's StarlingLamprotornis purpuroptera
Lesser Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chloropterus
Greater Blue-eared StarlingLamprotornis chalybaeus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Buphagidae

Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorhynchus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Plain-backed SunbirdAnthreptes reichenowiNear-threatened
Collared SunbirdHedydipna collaris
Amani SunbirdHedydipna pallidigasterEndangered
Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivacea
Mouse-colored SunbirdCyanomitra veroxii
Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystina
Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensis
Hunter's SunbirdChalcomitra hunteri
Purple-banded SunbirdCinnyris bifasciatus
Pemba SunbirdCinnyris pembaeEndemic (country/region)
Variable SunbirdCinnyris venustus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseus
Southern Gray-headed SparrowPasser diffusus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Rufous-tailed WeaverHisturgops ruficauda
Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularis
African Golden-WeaverPloceus subaureus
Holub's Golden-WeaverPloceus xanthops
Golden Palm WeaverPloceus bojeri
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalus
Forest WeaverPloceus bicolor
Red-billed QueleaQuelea quelea
Zanzibar Red BishopEuplectes nigroventris
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
Fan-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes axillaris
Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifrons

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidula
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild
Southern CordonbleuUraeginthus angolensisIntroduced species
Blue-capped CordonbleuUraeginthus cyanocephalus
Purple GrenadierGranatina ianthinogaster
Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melba
Orange-winged PytiliaPytilia afra
Zebra WaxbillSporaeginthus subflavus
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullata
Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolor
Magpie MannikinSpermestes fringilloides
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura
Parasitic WeaverAnomalospiza imberbis

 

References (partial list)

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