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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World

Hawaii

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Hawaii , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2020

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Country or region: Hawaii [map]

Number of species: 351
Number of endemics: 59
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of introduced species: 60
Date last reviewed: 2017-12-17
Last modified: 2020-01-01
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Brent GooseBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Hawaiian GooseBranta sandvicensisEndemic
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Emperor GooseAnser canagicusRare/Accidental
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandicaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
GoosanderMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
Baikal TealSibirionetta formosaRare/Accidental
Falcated DuckMareca falcataRare/Accidental
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Hawaiian DuckAnas wyvillianaEndemic
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Gambel's QuailCallipepla gambeliiIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Common QuailCoturnix coturnixIntroduced species
Japanese QuailCoturnix japonicaIntroduced species
Chukar PartridgeAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Erckel's FrancolinPternistis erckeliiIntroduced species
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinusIntroduced species
Grey FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianusIntroduced species
Chinese Bamboo PartridgeBambusicola thoracicusExtirpated
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Green PheasantPhasianus versicolorIntroduced species
Kalij PheasantLophura leucomelanosIntroduced species
Silver PheasantLophura nycthemeraExtirpated
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsRare/Accidental
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Spotted-necked DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraIntroduced species
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustusIntroduced species

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Mariana SwiftletAerodramus bartschiIntroduced species
Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Laysan RailZapornia palmeriEndemic
Hawaiian RailZapornia sandwichensisEndemic
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiEndemic
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensisRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilis
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripes
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castro
Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhous
Tristram's Storm-petrelHydrobates tristrami
Fork-tailed Storm-petrelHydrobates furcatusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Stejneger's PetrelPterodroma longirostris
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookii
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultima
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectata
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisBreeding endemic
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalis
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externa
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleri
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna grisea
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
Pink-footed ShearwaterArdenna creatopusRare/Accidental
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniRare/Accidental
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataRare/Accidental
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisIntroduced species
Grey HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensis
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
SurfbirdCalidris virgataRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnax
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Pintail SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerataRare/Accidental
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Cassin's AukletPtychoramphus aleuticusRare/Accidental
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Long-tailed SkuaStercorarius longicaudus
Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
Atoll TernGygis alba
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Western GullLarus occidentalisRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusRare/Accidental
Grey-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Elegant TernThalasseus elegansRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRare/Accidental
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensisRare/Accidental
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Hawaiian HawkButeo solitariusEndemic
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto albaIntroduced species

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Red-crowned ParrotAmazona viridigenalisIntroduced species
Mitred ParakeetPsittacara mitratusIntroduced species
Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenysIntroduced species

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Pale-headed RosellaPlatycercus adscitusExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Hawaiian CrowCorvus hawaiiensisEndemic
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Kauai ElepaioChasiempis sclateriEndemic
Oahu ElepaioChasiempis ibidisEndemic
Hawaii ElepaioChasiempis sandwichensisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red-cheeked Cordon-bleuUraeginthus bengalusIntroduced species
Lavender WaxbillEstrilda caerulescensIntroduced species
Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaIntroduced species
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
African SilverbillEuodice cantansIntroduced species
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Black-headed MuniaLonchura malaccaIntroduced species
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Poo-uliMelamprosops phaeosomaEndemic
Oahu AlauahioParoreomyza maculataEndemic
KakawahieParoreomyza flammeaEndemic
Maui AlauahioParoreomyza montanaEndemic
Lanai HookbillDysmorodrepanis munroiEndemic
Lesser Koa FinchRhodacanthis flavicepsEndemic
Greater Koa FinchRhodacanthis palmeriEndemic
Kona GrosbeakChloridops konaEndemic
Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansEndemic
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic
PalilaLoxioides bailleuiEndemic
OuPsittirostra psittaceaEndemic
AkikikiOreomystis bairdiEndemic
AnianiauMagumma parvaEndemic
AkekeeLoxops caeruleirostrisEndemic
Hawaii AkepaLoxops coccineusEndemic
Maui AkepaLoxops ochraceusEndemic
Oahu AkepaLoxops wolstenholmeiEndemic
Hawaii CreeperManucerthia manaEndemic
Hawaii AmakihiChlorodrepanis virensEndemic
Oahu AmakihiChlorodrepanis flavaEndemic
Kauai AmakihiChlorodrepanis stejnegeriEndemic
Oahu NukupuuHemignathus lucidusEndemic
Kauai NukupuuHemignathus hanapepeEndemic
Maui NukupuuHemignathus affinisEndemic
AkiapolaauHemignathus wilsoniEndemic
Greater AmakihiViridonia sagittirostrisEndemic
Lesser AkialoaAkialoa obscuraEndemic
Oahu AkialoaAkialoa ellisianaEndemic
Lanai AkialoaAkialoa lanaiensisEndemic
Kauai AkialoaAkialoa stejnegeriEndemic
Maui ParrotbillPseudonestor xanthophrysEndemic
IiwiVestiaria coccineaEndemic
ApapaneHimatione sanguineaEndemic
Laysan HoneycreeperHimatione fraithiiEndemic
AkohekohePalmeria doleiEndemic
Ula-ai-hawaneCiridops annaEndemic
Hawaii MamoDrepanis pacificaEndemic
Black MamoDrepanis funereaEndemic
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
Yellow-fronted CanaryCrithagra mozambicaIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Atlantic CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaIntroduced species
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaIntroduced species
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaIntroduced species
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusIntroduced species
Red-crested CardinalParoaria coronataIntroduced species
Yellow-billed CardinalParoaria capitataIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusIntroduced species
Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Japanese Bush WarblerHorornis diphoneIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Melodious Laughing-thrushGarrulax canorusIntroduced species
Greater Necklaced Laughing-thrushGarrulax pectoralisIntroduced species
Grey-sided Laughing-thrushGarrulax caerulatusExtirpated
Red-billed LeiothrixLeiothrix luteaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mohoidae

Kauai O-oMoho braccatusEndemic
Oahu O-oMoho apicalisEndemic
Bishop's O-oMoho bishopiEndemic
Hawaii O-oMoho nobilisEndemic
KioeaChaetoptila angustiplumaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

White-rumped ShamaKittacincla malabaricaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

KamaoMyadestes myadestinusEndemic
OlomaoMyadestes lanaiensis
OmaoMyadestes obscurusEndemic
PuaiohiMyadestes palmeriEndemic
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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