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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Hawaii Leeward Islands

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Hawaii Leeward Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Birdlife Data Zone (species).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2018

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Country or region: Hawaii Leeward Islands [map]

Other names: Northwestern Islands, Northwestern Chain

Number of species: 171
Number of endemics: 3
Number of globally threatened species: 16
Number of extinct species: 2
Number of introduced species: 5
Date last reviewed: 2009-08-01
Last modified: 2018-06-09
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ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Brent GooseBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Emperor GooseAnser canagicusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
GarganeySpatula querquedulaRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsRare/Accidental
GadwallMareca streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
American WigeonMareca americana
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic Critically endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraIntroduced species

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Fork-tailed SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Laysan RailZapornia palmeriEndemic (country/region) Extinct
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisNear-threatened
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesNear-threatened
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Madeiran Storm-petrelHydrobates castroRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhousVulnerable
Tristram's Storm-petrelHydrobates tristramiNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiVulnerable
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennisRare/Accidental
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisVulnerable
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriVulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniCritically endangered
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Grey HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden PloverPluvialis fulva
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellusRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisVulnerable
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Endangered
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Pintail SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Grey-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Rhinoceros AukletCerorhinca monocerataRare/Accidental
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
Atoll TernGygis alba
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Grey-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Greater Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensisRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

African SilverbillEuodice cantansIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic Critically endangered
Laysan HoneycreeperHimatione fraithiiEndemic Extinct
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Atlantic CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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