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Mediterranean Gull

Ichthyaetus melanocephalus (Temminck, 1820)

The Mediterranean gull is a small gull. The scientific name is from Ancient Greek. The genus Ichthyaetus is from ikhthus, "fish", and aetos, "eagle", and the specific melanocephalus is from melas, "black", and -kephalos "-headed". Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Ichthyaetus
Scientific:
  Ichthyaetus melanocephalus


Original description

Citation:
  (Temminck, 1820)

Reference:
  Man.Orn.[Temminck].ed.2 p.777

Protonym:
  Larus melanocephalus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41003226


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  052BFA8A77EED5AF

Avibase ID:
  avibase-052BFA8A

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/052BFA8A


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 824070

Geographic range:

  • Ichthyaetus melanocephalus: North Sea to Mediterranean and Black Sea; winters to n Africa
English:
Mediterranean Gull
Catalan:
Gavina capnegra
Czech:
racek černohlavý
Danish:
Sorthovedet Måge
German:
Schwarzkopfmöwe
Spanish:
Gaviota Cabecinegra
Spanish (Spain):
Gaviota Cabecinegra
Finnish:
mustanmerenlokki
French:
Mouette mélanocéphale
Croatian:
Crnoglavi Galeb
Hungarian:
Szerecsensirály
Icelandic:
Lónamáfur
Italian:
Gabbiano corallino
Japanese (romaji):
nishizugurokamome
Japanese:
ニシズグロカモメ
Lithuanian:
Juodagalvis kiras
Dutch:
Zwartkopmeeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartehavsmåse
Norwegian:
Svartehavsmåke
Polish:
mewa czarnogłowa
Portuguese:
Gaivota-de-cabeça-preta
Russian:
Черноголовая чайка
Slovak:
čajka čiernohlavá
Serbian:
crnoglavi galeb
Swedish:
svarthuvad mås
Ukrainian:
Мартин середземноморський
Chinese:
黑头鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
黑頭鷗


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Mouette mélanocéphale ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Mouette mélanocéphale ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Larus melanocephalus melanocephalus [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Larus melanocephalus melanocephalus [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Mediterranean Gull ( Larus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Mediterranean Gull ( Ichthyaetus melanocephalus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Larus melanocephalus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ichthyaetus melanocephalus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Ichthyaetus [melanocephalus or relictus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Witvlerkmeeu
Arabic: نورس البحر الأبيض, نورس البحر المتوسط, نورس البحر  المتوسط
Asturian: Gavilueta Tiesta Prieta, Gaviota Tiestaprieta
Azerbaijani: Aralıq dənizi qağayısı, Qarabaş qağayı
Belarusian: Чайка чорнагаловая, Чорнагаловая чайка
Bulgarian: Малка черноглава чайка
Bengali: বূভধয঳াগযীয় গাঙচচর
Bengali (transliteration): bhūmadhyasāgarīẏa gāṅacila*
Breton: Ar gouelanig penn du, Gouelanig penn du
Catalan: Gavina capnegra, Gavina capnegra mediterrània
Catalan (Balears): Gavina capnegra
Montenegrin: crnoglavi galeb, црноглави галеб
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црноглави галеб
Czech: Racek Audouinův, Racek cernohlavý, Racek černohlavý, racek èernohlavý
Chuvash: хура пуçлă чарлăк
Welsh: Gwylan Mor y Canoldir, Gwylan Môr y Canoldir
Danish: Sorthovedet måge
German: Schwarzkopfmöve, Schwarzkopfmowe, Schwarzkopfmöwe
Greek: Μαυρoκέφαλoς γλάρoς, Μαυροκέφαλος Γλάρος
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυροκέφαλος Γλάρος
English: Mediterranean Black-headed Gull, Mediterranean Gull
English, HBW: Mediterranean Gull
English (IOC): Mediterranean Gull
English (United States): Mediterranean Gull
Esperanto: nigrakapa mevo
Spanish: Gaviota Cabecinegra, Gaviota Mediterránea
Spanish (Spain): Gaviota Cabecinegra
Spanish (HBW): Gaviota cabecinegra
Estonian: Karbuskajakas, karbuskajakas (mustpea-kajakas?), Karbuskajakas e. mustpea-kajakas, mustapea-kajakas
Basque: Antxeta burubeltz, Antxeta burubeltza, Gavina capnegra
Persian: کاکایی مدیترانه‌ ای, کاکایی مدیترانه‌ای
Finnish: Mustanmerenlokki
Faroese: Høvuðsvartur mási
French: Mouette mélanocéphale
Frisian: Swartkopmiuw
Irish: Faoileán ceanndubh, Sléibhín Meánmhuirí
Galician: Gaivota cabecinegra, Gaivota de cabeza negra, Gavina capnegra
Manx: Foillan Frangagh
Hebrew: שחף שחור ראש, שחף שחור־ראש, שחף שחור-ראש
Croatian: Crnoglavi Galeb
Hungarian: Szerecsensirály
Armenian: [Sevaglukh Voror ], Սևագլուխ Որոր
Icelandic: Lónamáfur
Italian: Gabbiano corallino
Japanese (romaji): nishizugurokamome
Japanese: ニシズグロカモメ
Georgian: შავთავა თოლია
Kabardian: хытхьэрыкъуэщхьэфӀыцӀэ
Mongolian, Halh: реликт цахлай
Kazakh: Қарабас шағала
Korean: 고대갈매기(적호갈매기)
Cornish: Muetta dal chau nair
Kirghiz: кара баш чардак
Scientific: Ichthyaetus melanocephalus, Larus melanocephalus, Larus melanocephalus melanocephalus
Luxembourgish: Schwaarzkappméiw
Lithuanian: Juodagalvis kiras
Latvian: Melngalvas kaija
Macedonian: медитерански галеб, Црноглав (Медитерански) галеб
Mongolian: реликт цахлай, ховор цахлай
Moldavian: Pescăruș cu cap negru
Maltese: Gawwija Rasha Sewda
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): ховор цахлай
Dutch: Zwartkopmeeuw
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartehavsmåse
Norwegian: Svartehavsmåke
Polish: mewa czarnoglowa, mewa czarnogłowa, Mewa orlica
Portuguese: gaivota do mediterrâneo, Gaivota-de-cabeça-preta, Gaivota-do-mediterrâneo
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivota-de-cabeça-preta
Romansh: Muetta dal chau nair
Rhaeto-Romance: Muetta da chau nair
Romanian: Pescăruș cu cap negru, Pescăruş cu cap negru
Russian: Chernogolovaya Chayka, или Черноголовая, Средиземноморская, чайка, Чайка черноголовая, Черноголовая чайка
Northern Sami: Čáhppesmearabáiski
Slovak: Čajka čiernohlavá
Slovenian: čmoglavi galeb, crnoglavi galeb, črnoglavi galeb
Albanian: Pulëbardha kokëzezë
Serbian: crnoglavi galeb, Црноглави галеб
Swedish: Svarthuvad mås
Turkmen: garabaş çarlak
Turkish: Akdeniz Martısı, Akdeniz martysy
Tatar: кара башлы акчарлак , Урта диңгез акчарлагы
Ukrainian: Мартин середземноморський , Середземноморський мартин
Kalmyk: хар толһата цах
Chinese: 地中海鸥, 遺鷗, 黑头鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 黑頭鷗

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