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Red-crowned Crane

Grus japonensis (Müller, PLS 1776)

The red-crowned crane, also called the Manchurian crane or Japanese crane, is a large East Asian crane among the rarest cranes in the world. In some parts of its range, it is known as a symbol of luck, longevity, and fidelity. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Gruidae
Genus:
   Grus
Scientific:
  Grus japonensis


Original description

Citation:
  (Müller, PLS 1776)

Reference:
   Linné vollst. Natursyst. Suppl. Reg. Bd. Suppl. p.110

Protonym:
  Ardea (Grus) Japonensis

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/52710063


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  0777AB3C96908584

Avibase ID:
  avibase-0777AB3C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/0777AB3C


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176184


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Grus japonensis: Siberia, Hokkaido and Mongolia; winters e China and Korea
English:
Red-crowned Crane
Catalan:
Grua del Japó
Czech:
jeřáb mandžuský
Danish:
Japansk Trane
German:
Mandschurenkranich
Spanish:
Grulla Manchú
Spanish (Spain):
Grulla Manchú
Finnish:
mantšuriankurki
French:
Grue du Japon
Croatian:
crvenokapi ždral
Hungarian:
mandzsu daru
Icelandic:
Kolltrana
Italian:
Gru della Manciuria
Japanese (romaji):
tanchou
Japanese:
タンチョウ
Lithuanian:
Japoninė gervė
Dutch:
Chinese Kraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Japantrane
Norwegian:
Japantrane
Polish:
żuraw mandżurski
Portuguese:
Grou-de-coroa-vermelha
Russian:
Японский журавль
Slovak:
žeriav čierno-biely
Serbian:
Crvenokapi ždral
Swedish:
japansk trana
Ukrainian:
Журавель японський
Chinese:
丹顶鹤
Chinese (Traditional):
丹頂鶴


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grue du Japon ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grue du Japon ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Japanese Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Japanese Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Manchurian Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Manchurian Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Japanese Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Grus japonensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Grus japonensis [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Grus japonensis [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus japonensis [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus japonensis [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Azerbaijani: Mançjuriya durnası, Yapon durnası
Bashkir: япон торнаһы
Belarusian: Японскі журавель
Bulgarian: Японски жерав
Bengali: রারঝুুঁটি ঳ায঳
Bengali (transliteration): lālajhum̐ṭi sārasa
Breton: Garan Japan
Catalan: Grua del Japó, Grua japonesa
Montenegrin: crvenokapi ždral, црвенокапи ждрал
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црвенокапи ждрал
Czech: Jeráb mandžuský, jeřáb mandžuský
Chuvash: яппун тăрни
Welsh: Garan Manshwria
Danish: Japansk Trane
German: Mandschurenkranich
Greek: Γερανός της Μαντζουρίας
English: Japanese Crane, Manchurian Crane, Red-crowned Crane
English, HBW: Red-crowned Crane
English (IOC): Red-crowned Crane
English (United States): Red-crowned Crane
Esperanto: Ruĝkrona gruo, Ruĝverta gruo
Spanish: Grulla Japonesa, Grulla Manchú
Spanish (Spain): Grulla Manchú
Spanish (HBW): Red-crowned Crane
Estonian: Õnnekurg, õnnekurg (jaapani kurg)
Finnish: Japaninkurki, mantsuriankurki, mantšuriankurki
French: Grue de Mandchourie, Grue du Japon
Friulian: grue mançuriane
Frisian: Sineeske kraan
Irish: Grús deargchorónach
Galician: Grou da Manchuria
Croatian: crvenokapi ždral
Hungarian: mandzsu daru
Icelandic: Kolltrana
Italian: Gru della Manciuria
Japanese (romaji): Tancho, tanchō, tanchou, tanchō-zuru
Japanese: タンチョウ, タンチョウヅル
Japanese (Kanji): 丹頂, 丹頂鶴
Kabardian: японкъру
Mongolian, Halh: агуурс, арис, арьсуу, өвөгт тогируу, өвөгт тогоруу, уурс, хархираа, хөх тогоруу
Kazakh: жапон тырнасы, жапондық тырна, қызыл тәжді тырна, уссуриялық тырна
Korean: 두루미
Korean (Transliteration): durumi
North Karelian: japaninkurki
Kirghiz: жапон турнасы, уссурилик турна, Япон турнасы, Япония каркырасы
Scientific: Ardea (Grus) Japonensis, Ardea japanensis, Ardea Japonensis, Grus japonensis, Grus japonensis japonensis, Grus japonicus
Lithuanian: Japonijos gervė, Japoninė gervė
Latvian: Japānas dzērve
Mongolian: агуурс, Ал сүүл, Алаг тогоруу, арис, арьсуу, өвөгт тогируу, өвөгт тогоруу, уурс, хархираа, хөх тогоруу
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠠᠯ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Сарт цагаан тогоруу
Mongolian (Transliteration): al süül, alag togoruu, sart tsagaaŋ togoruu
Maltese: għarnuq rasu ħamra, għarnuq tal-qurriegħa ħamra
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): хархираа
Dutch: Chinese Kraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Japantrane
Norwegian: Japantrane
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): suvenlammas, ukonlambahan,, ukonlammas
Polish: zuraw mandzurski, żuraw mandżurski
Pinyin: dān-dǐng hè, xiān-hè
Portuguese: Grou-de-coroa-vermelha
Portuguese (Portugal): grou-da-manchúria
Rhaeto-Romance: Gru da la Mandschuria
Romanian: Cocorul japonez
Russian: Журавль японский, Журавль японский (уссурийский), Маньчжурский журавль, уссурийский журавль, Японский журавль
Yakut: Дьоппуон туруйата
Northern Sami: Japánaguorga
Slovak: Žeriav cierno-biely, Žeriav čierno-biely
Slovenian: Mandžurski žerjav
Serbian: Crvenokapi ždral, Japanski ždral
Swedish: Japansk trana
Tajik: турнаи ҷопонӣ
Turkish: Japon Turnası
Tatar: Япония торнасы , японияле торна
Udmurt: Япониысь тури
Ukrainian: Журавель японський
Uzbek: япон турнаси
Vietnamese: Sếu đầu đỏ Nhật Bản, Sếu Nhật Bản
Chinese: 丹頂鶴, 丹顶鹤, 仙鹤, 顶鹤
Chinese (Traditional): 丹頂鶴, 仙鶴
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 丹頂鶴
Chinese (Taiwan): 丹顶鹤

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