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Red-crowned Crane

Grus japonensis (Statius Muller, 1776)

The Red-crowned Crane (Grus japonensis), also called the Japanese Crane or Manchurian Crane (Chinese: 丹顶鹤 or 丹頂鶴; Hanyu Pinyin: Dāndǐng Hè; Japanese: 丹頂鶴 or タンチョウヅル, tanchozuru; the Chinese character '丹' means 'red', '頂/顶' means 'crown' and '鶴/鹤' means 'crane'), is a large east Asian crane and among the rarest cranes in the world. In some parts of its range, it is known as a symbol of luck, longevity and fidelity. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Gruidae
Genus:
  Grus

Scientific:
  Grus japonensis

Citation:
  (Statius Muller, 1776)

Reference:
  Natursyst.Suppl. p.110

Protonym:
  Ardea (Grus) Japonensis

Avibase ID:
  0777AB3C96908584

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/0777AB3C

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176184


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Grus japonensis: Siberia, Hokkaido and Mongolia; winters e China and Korea
English:
Red-crowned Crane
Czech:
jeřáb mandžuský
German:
Mandschurenkranich
Danish:
Japansk Trane
Spanish:
Grulla Manchú
Finnish:
mantsuriankurki
French:
Grue du Japon
Icelandic:
Kolltrana
Italian:
Gru della Manciuria
Japanese:
tanchou
Japanese:
タンチョウ
Dutch:
Chinese Kraanvogel
Norwegian:
Japantrane
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Japantrane
Polish:
zuraw mandzurski
Portuguese:
Grou-de-coroa-vermelha
Russian:
Японский журавль
Slovak:
žeriav čierno-biely
Swedish:
japansk trana
Ukrainian:
Журавель японський
Chinese:
丹顶鹤


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grue du Japon ( Grus japonensis)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grue du Japon ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 1st edition:
Japanese Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 3rd edition:
Japanese Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 4th edition:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements, version 2015:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements, version 2016:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements, version 2017:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Clements, version 2018:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 1.50:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 1.52:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 1.53:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 1.54:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 1.55:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 2015:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 2016:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 2017:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
eBird version 2018:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Manchurian Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Manchurian Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Japanese Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Oriental Bird Club:
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
James Lee Peters:
Grus japonensis
James Lee Peters (original):
Grus japonensis
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Grus japonensis
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Red-crowned Crane ( Grus japonensis)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus japonensis
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Grus japonensis

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Other synonyms


Catalan: Grua del Japó, Grua japonesa
Czech: Jeráb mandžuský, jeřáb mandžuský
Danish: Japansk Trane
German: Mandschurenkranich
English: Japanese Crane, Manchurian Crane, Red-crowned Crane
English (IOC): Red-crowned Crane
Spanish: Grulla Japonesa, Grulla Manchú
Spanish (Spain): Grulla Manchú
Spanish (HBW): Red-crowned Crane
Estonian: õnnekurg (jaapani kurg)
Finnish: Japaninkurki, mantsuriankurki
French: Grue de Mandchourie, Grue du Japon
Hungarian: mandzsu daru
Icelandic: Kolltrana
Italian: Gru della Manciuria
Japanese: Tancho, tanchō, tanchou, tanchō-zuru
Japanese: タンチョウ, タンチョウヅル
Japanese (Kanji): 丹頂, 丹頂鶴
Korean: 두루미
Korean (Transliteration): durumi
Scientific: Ardea (Grus) Japonensis, Grus japonensis, Grus japonicus
Lithuanian: Japonijos gervė, Japoninė gervė
Latvian: Japānas dzērve
Mongolian: Ал сүүл, Алаг тогоруу
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠠᠯ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Сарт цагаан тогоруу
Mongolian (Transliteration): al süül, alag togoruu, sart tsagaaŋ togoruu
Dutch: Chinese Kraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Japantrane
Norwegian: Japantrane
Polish: zuraw mandzurski, żuraw mandżurski
Pinyin: dān-dǐng hè, xiān-hè
Portuguese: Grou-de-coroa-vermelha
Russian: Журавль японский, Журавль японский (уссурийский), Маньчжурский журавль, уссурийский журавль, Японский журавль
Slovak: Žeriav čierno-biely
Serbian: Japanski ždral
Swedish: Japansk trana
Turkish: Japon Turnası
Ukrainian: Журавель японський
Vietnamese: Sếu đầu đỏ Nhật Bản, Sếu Nhật Bản
Chinese: 丹頂鶴, 丹顶鹤, 仙鹤, 顶鹤
Chinese (Traditional): 丹頂鶴, 仙鶴
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 丹頂鶴
Chinese (Taiwan): 丹顶鹤

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