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Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) is a wader in the large family Scolopacidae. It is one of the most widespread of the curlews, breeding across much of subarctic North America, Europe and Asia as far south as Scotland. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Scolopacidae
Genus:
  Numenius

Scientific:
  Numenius phaeopus

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.146

Protonym:
  Scolopax Phaeopus

Avibase ID:
  082F3A63A99AEDD4

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/082F3A63

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176599

Geographic range:

  • Numenius phaeopus [phaeopus or islandicus]: NW Palearctic; winters to Africa and India
  • Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris: Steppes n of Caspian Sea; winters coastal w Indian Ocean
  • Numenius phaeopus variegatus: breeds in northeastern Siberia; winters from eastern India east to Taiwan, south through the Philippines and Indonesia to Australia
  • Numenius phaeopus rogachevae: breeds central Siberia; wintering range not documented, presumably coastlines around the Indian Ocean
English:
Whimbrel
Catalan:
polit cantaire
Czech:
koliha malá
Danish:
Småspove
German:
Regenbrachvogel
Spanish:
Zarapito trinador
Finnish:
pikkukuovi
French:
Courlis corlieu
Croatian:
Prugasti Pozviždač
Hungarian:
Kis póling
Icelandic:
Spói
Italian:
Chiurlo piccolo
Japanese (romaji):
chuushakushigi
Japanese:
チュウシャクシギ
Lithuanian:
Vidutinė kuolinga
Dutch:
Regenwulp
Norwegian:
Småspove
Polish:
kulik mniejszy
Portuguese:
Maçarico-galego
Portuguese (Brazil):
maçarico-galego
Russian:
Средний кроншнеп
Slovak:
hvizdák malý
Swedish:
småspov
Ukrainian:
Кульон середній
Chinese:
中杓鹬
Chinese (Traditional):
中杓鷸


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Whimbrel ( Phaeopus phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Numenius phaeopus phaeopus [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
eBird version 2017:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
eBird version 2018:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
eBird version 2019:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
eBird version 2021:
Whimbrel (White-rumped) ( Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Eurasian Whimbrel ( Numenius phaeopus) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Numenius [phaeopus or hudsonicus] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Kleinwulp, Kleinwulp (Witkruis)
Arabic: كروان الغيط الصغير, كروان الغيط الصغير رهيز, كروان الماء صغير (ابيض الردف)
Asturian: Algaraván Marciegu, Algaraván Piqueñu, Algaraván xiblador (triba phaeopus)
Azerbaijani: ortaboy əyridimdik, Ortaboy əyridimdik (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus yarımnövü), Ortaboy kronşnep
Bashkir: ваҡ ҡупырсыҡ, кәйөлдөр, һаҙ көйөлдөһө
Belarusian: Cярэднi кулён, Кулён сярэдні, Сярэднi кулён, Сярэдні кулён
Bulgarian: Малък свирец, Малък свирец (ssp. phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Bengali: নাটা গুচরন্দা , নাটা গুলিন্দা
Bengali (transliteration): nāṭā gulindā
Breton: Ar c'hefeleg-mae, Kefeleg-Mae
Catalan: Curlera cantaire, Polit cantaire, Pòlit cantaire, Pòlit cantaire (grup phaeopus)
Catalan (Balears): Curlera cantaire
Montenegrin: srednja carska šljuka, средња царска шљука
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): средња царска шљука
Czech: Koliha malá, koliha malá (ssp. phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), koliha malá eurosibiřská/alboaxillaris/východosibiřská
Chuvash: вăтам пĕкĕсăмса
Welsh: Coeg gylfinhir, Coeg-gylfinir, Coegyfinir, Coegylfinir
Danish: Lille regnspove, Småspove, Småspove, Hvidgumpet (ssp. phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
German: Regenbrachvogel, Regenbrachvogel (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Regenbrachvogel-phaeopus
Maldivian: Bulhithunbi
Greek: Θαλασσομπεκάτσα, Σιγλίγoυρoς, Σιγλίγουρος, Σιγλίγουρος (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Greek (Cypriot): Θαλασσομπεκάτσα
English: Common Whimbrel, Curlew, Eurasian Whimbrel, Western Whimbrel, Whimbrel, Whimbrel (White-rumped)
English, HBW: Whimbrel (White-rumped)
English (IOC): Eurasian Whimbrel, Eurasian Whimbrel (White-rumped), Whimbrel (White-rumped)
English (Kenya): Whimbrel
English (United States): Whimbrel (White-rumped)
English (South Africa): Eurasian Whimbrel (White-rumped)
Esperanto: malgranda kurlo
Spanish: Playero pico curvo, Playero Picocorvo, Playero trinador, Zarapito, Zarapito de Hudson, Zarapito Real, Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito Trinador (grupo phaeopus)
Spanish (Argentine): Playero trinador, Playero Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Chile): Zarapito, Zarapito común (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Colombia): Zarapito Trinador
Spanish (Costa Rica): Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Cuba): Zarapico Pico Cimitarra Chico, Zarapico pico cimitarra chico (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Zarapito Trinador
Spanish (Ecuador): Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Spain): Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito trinador (grupo phaeopus), Zarapito Trinador [Grupo phaeopus]
Spanish (Honduras): Playero pico curvo
Spanish (Mexico): zarapito trinador, Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Nicaragua): Zarapito Trinador
Spanish (Panama): Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Peru): Zarapito Trinador, Zarapito Trinador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Playero Picocorvo
Spanish (Paraguay): Playero trinador
Spanish (Uruguay): Chorlo Trinador, Playero Trinador, Playero Trinador (Subesp. phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Spanish (Venezuela): Chorlo Real
Estonian: Väikekoovitaja
Basque: Kurlinka bekainduna, Kurlinta bekaindun, Kurlinta bekainduna (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Polit cantaire
Persian: گیلانشاه ابروسفید, گیلانشاه ابروسفید (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Finnish: Pikkukuovi, pikkukuovi (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Faroese: Spógvi
French: Courlis corlieu, Courlis corlieu (phaeopus, alboaxillaris ou variegatus), Courlis corlieu (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Courlis hudsonien, Petit courlis
Friulian: arcazûl
Frisian: Wetterwylp
Irish: Crotach Eanaigh, Crotach shamhraidh
Gaelic: Eun Bealltainn
Galician: Mazarico chiador, Mazarico chiador (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Polit cantaire
Guarani: Chululu
Manx: Crottag houree
Haitian Creole French: Kouli
Hebrew: חרמשון קטן, חרמשון קטן (לבן שת - קבוצה אירואסייתית)
Croatian: Pozviždač jatar, Prugasti Pozviždac, Prugasti Pozviždač
Hungarian: Kis póling
Armenian: [Mijin Kronshnep/Arorik ], Միջին Արորիկ, Միջին արորիկ (Սպիտակատուտ), Միջին Կրոնշնեպ/Արորիկ
Indonesian: Burung Gajahan Penggala, Gajahan pengala, Gajahan Penggala, Kololi
Icelandic: Spói, Spói (phaeopus/alboaxillaris)
Italian: Chiurlo piccolo, Chiurlo piccolo (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Japanese (romaji): chū shaku-shigi, chu-shaku-shigi, Chushaku-shigi, chuushakushigi, Chuushaku-shigi, chuushakushigi (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Japanese: チュウシャクシギ, チュウシャクシギ (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), チュウシャクシギ(phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Japanese (Kanji): 中杓鴫, 中杓鷸
Georgian: საშუალო კრონშნეპი
Kara-Kalpak: балықшы
Mongolian, Halh: бичилхэн тутгалжин, хурган тутгалжин
Khakas: Орта көгiлбей
Kazakh: Қасқа шалшықшы, орташа шалшықшы
Kazakh (Transliteration): qasqa şalşıqşı
Greenlandic: Saarfaarsussuaq
Korean: 중부리도요
Korean (Transliteration): jung-buri-doyo
North Karelian: pienišuovikli
Cornish: Cok-gelvynak
Kirghiz: кадимки төөчулдук, орточо төөчулдук
Scientific: Numenius phaeopus, Numenius phaeopus phaeopus, Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus, Phaeopus phaeopus, Podiceps gadowi, Scolopax phaeopus
Luxembourgish: Klenge Broochvull , Reebrochvull
Lithuanian: Mažoji kuolinga, Vidutine kuolinga, Vidutinė kuolinga, Vidutinioji kuolinga
Latvian: Kulainis, Lietuvainis, Mazā kronšnepe, Mazais kuilis, Vidējā kuitala
Malagasy: Kiokioka, Kiokoika, Mantazazana
Macedonian: шарен српоклун свиркач
Malayalam: തെറ്റിക്കൊക്കന്‍ 
Mongolian: бичилхэн тутгалжин, Бэсрэг тутгалжин, хурган тутгалжин
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠪᠡᠰᠡᠷᠡᠭ ᠲᠣᠲᠣᠭᠣᠯᠵᠢᠨ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠡᠰᠡᠷᠡᠭ ᠲᠣᠲᠣᠭᠣᠯᠵᠢᠨ
Mongolian (Transliteration): besreg tutg aljiŋ
Moldavian: Culic mic
Malay: Burung Kedidi Pisau Raut, Burung Kendi Pisau Raut, Kendi Pisau Raut
Maltese: Gurlin Żgħir
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): бичилхэн тутгалжин
Nepali: सानो आ“सीठू“डे
Dutch: Regenwulp
Norwegian: Heispove, Småspove, småspove (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Polish: kulik mniejszy, kulik mniejszy (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Szlamnik
Pinyin: zhōng sháo-yù
Portuguese: batuíra-de-bico-torto, maçaricão, maçarico galega, Macarico galego, maçarico-de-bico-torto, Macarico-galego, Maçarico-galego, maçarico-real, maria-rita
Portuguese (Brazil): batuíra-de-bico-torto, maçaricão, maçarico-de-bico-torto, macarico-galego, maçarico-galego, maçarico-galego/maçarico-de-bico-torto (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), maçarico-real, maria-rita
Portuguese (Portugal): Maçarico-galego, maçarico-galego (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Romansh: Fliaun pitschen
Rhaeto-Romance: Fliaun pitschen
Romanian: Culic mic
Russian: Cредний кроншнеп, Кроншнеп средний, Средний кроншнеп, Средний кроншнеп (белопоясный)
Yakut: хонуу дьиэрэҥэ
Scots: Eun bealltainn
Northern Sami: Guškkástat
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Wimburali Kalikaya
Slovak: hvizdá, Hvizdák malý, hvizdák malý (bielokostrčový), Hvizdák pásavohlahý, Hvizdák pásavohlavý
Slovenian: mali škurh, Mali škurh (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Albanian: Kojliku mesatar
Serbian: Mala carska šljuka, Mala carska šljuka (neodređena phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Mala carska šljuka (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), zlatovremenica, zlovremenica srednja, Пругаста златовременица, Средња златовременица
Swedish: Småspov, småspov (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus)
Swahili: Membe Sautisaba
Tamil: Kottan
Tajik: кӯрпатаки миѐна
Thai: นกอีก๋อยเล็ก, นกอีก๋อยเล็ก (ตะโพกขาว)
Thai (Transliteration): nók ii-kŏaay lék
Turkmen: orta ýylkyçy
Turkish: sürmeli kervan çulluğu, Sürmeli kervançulluğu, Sürmelı Kervançulluğu, Sürmeli kervançulluğu (phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus), Sürmeli Kervançulluşu, Yağmur Kervançulluğu, Қасқа шалшықшы
Tatar: уртача зурлыктагы шөлди , уртача кроншнеп
Tuvinian: Безерек даргый
Ukrainian: Кульон середній , Середній кроншнеп
Uzbek: ўртача узунбурун, ўртача узунбурун балчиқчи
Vietnamese: Chim Choắt mỏ cong bé, Choắt mỏ cong bé
Xhosa: Ingoyi-ngoyi
Chinese: [zhong shao-yu], 中杓鷸, 中杓鹬, 中杓鹬(白腰)
Chinese (Traditional): 中杓鷸, 中杓鷸(白腰群)
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 中杓鷸
Chinese (Taiwan): [zhong shao-yu], 中杓鷸, 中杓鹬

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