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Japanese Quail

Coturnix japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1849

The Japanese quail, also known as coturnix quail, Coturnix japonica, is a species of Old World quail found in East Asia. They are a migratory species, breeding in Manchuria, southeastern Siberia, northern Japan, and the Korean Peninsula, and wintering in the south of Japan and southern China. They dwell in grasslands and cultivated fields. The plumage of the pharaoh Japanese quail breed is a speckled yellow-brown, with a creamy white strip above the eye. Adults are about 20 cm (7.9 in) in length. The species is abundant across most of its range. Currently there are a few true breeding mutations of the Japanese quail, the breeds from the United States are: Texas A&M, English White, Golden Range, Red Range, Italian, Manchurian, Tibetan, Rosetta, Scarlett, Roux Dilute and Golden Tuxedo. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
  Coturnix

Scientific:
  Coturnix japonica

Citation:
  Temminck & Schlegel, 1849

Reference:
  FaunaJap.Aves[Siebold] p.103 pl.61

Protonym:
  C. vulgaris japonica

Avibase ID:
  110CF4251A857B0D

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/110CF425

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 176013


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Coturnix japonica: E Palearctic; winters to SE Asia and e China
English:
Japanese Quail
Czech:
křepelka japonská
German:
Japanwachtel
Danish:
Japansk Vagtel
Spanish:
Codorniz Japonesa
Finnish:
japaninviiriäinen
French:
Caille du Japon
Icelandic:
Fræhæna
Italian:
Quaglia del Giappone
Japanese:
uzura
Japanese:
ウズラ
Dutch:
Japanse Kwartel
Norwegian:
Engvaktel
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Engvaktel
Polish:
przepiórka japonska
Portuguese:
Codorna-japonesa
Russian:
Немой перепел
Slovak:
prepelica japonská
Swedish:
japansk vaktel
Ukrainian:
Перепілка японська
Chinese:
鹌鹑


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Caille du Japon ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Caille du Japon ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Coturnix japonica [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Coturnix japonica [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Coturnix [coturnix or japonica] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3 

Other synonyms


Catalan: Guatlla del Japó, Guatlla japonesa
Czech: Krepelka japonská, křepelka japonská
Danish: Japansk Vagtel
German: Japanwachtel
English: Asian Migratory Quail, Asiatic Migratory Quail, Japanese Quail
English (IOC): Japanese Quail
Spanish: Codorniz Japonesa, Cordoniz Japonesa
Spanish (Spain): Codorniz Japonesa
Spanish (HBW): Japanese Quail
Estonian: ida-põldvutt
Finnish: Japaninviiriäinen
French: Caille du Japon, Caille japonaise
Irish: Gearg Sheapánach
Croatian: Japanska prepelica
Hungarian: japán fürj
Icelandic: Fræhæna
Italian: Quaglia del Giappone, Quaglia giapponese
Japanese: uzura
Japanese: ウズラ
Japanese (Kanji):
Korean: 메추라기
Scientific: C. vulgaris japonica, Coturnix coturnix japonica, Coturnix japonica
Lithuanian: Japoninė putpelė
Latvian: Japānas paipala
Mongolian: Наран бөднө, Наран бүднээ
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠨᠠᠷᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠳᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠦᠳᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Бүднэ
Mongolian (Transliteration): büden, me-churagi, naraŋ böden, naraŋ büdnee
Malay: Burung Puyuh
Dutch: Japanse Kwartel, Japanse wartel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Engvaktel
Norwegian: Engvaktel, Japansk vaktel
Polish: przepiórka japonska, przepiórka japońska
Pinyin: ānchun, chì-hóu ānchun, chún, hóng-miàn ānchun, rìběn ānchun
Portuguese: Codorna-japonesa
Portuguese (Portugal): Codorniz-japonesa
Russian: Немой, немой перепел, Перепел немой, Японский перелел, Японский перепел
Slovak: prepelica japonská
Slovenian: prepelica
Serbian: Japanska prepelica
Swedish: Japansk vaktel
Thai: นกคุ่มญี่ปุ่น
Thai (Transliteration): nók kʰûm yîi-pùn
Turkish: Japon Bıldırcını
Ukrainian: Перепілка японська
Vietnamese: Cay mốc, Cay Nhật, Cay nhật bản, Chim cút Nhật Bản
Chinese: 日本鹌鹑, 红面鹌鹑, 赤喉鹌鹑, 鵪鶉, 鹌鹑, 鹌鹑(日本鹌鹑), 鹑
Chinese (Traditional): 日本鵪鶉, 日本鵪鶉〔東亞鵪鶉〕, 紅面鵪鶉, 赤喉鵪鶉, 鵪鶉, 鶉
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 鵪鶉
Chinese (Taiwan): 鹌鹑

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