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Japanese Quail

Coturnix japonica Temminck, CJ; Schlegel, H 1849

The Japanese quail, Coturnix japonica, also known as the coturnix quail is a species of Old World quail found in East Asia. First considered a subspecies of the common quail, it is now considered as a separate species. The Japanese quail has played an active role in the lives of humanity since the 12th century, and continues to play major roles in industry and scientific research. Where it is found, the species is abundant across most of its range. Currently, there are a few true breeding mutations of the Japanese quail. The breeds from the United States are Texas A&M, English white, golden range, red range, Italian, Manchurian, Tibetan, rosetta, scarlett, roux dilute and golden tuxedo. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Galliformes
Family:
  Phasianidae
Genus:
   Coturnix
Scientific:
  Coturnix japonica


Original description

Citation:
  Temminck, CJ; Schlegel, H 1849

Reference:
   Fauna Japonica vol. 4, Aves

Protonym:
  Coturnix vulgaris japonica

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/53188783


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  110CF4251A857B0D

Avibase ID:
  avibase-110CF425

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/110CF425


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176013


NEAR THREATENED

Geographic range:

  • Coturnix japonica: E Palearctic; winters to SE Asia and e China
English:
Japanese Quail
Catalan:
Guatlla del Japó
Czech:
křepelka japonská
Danish:
Japansk Vagtel
German:
Japanwachtel
Spanish:
Codorniz Japonesa
Spanish (Spain):
Codorniz Japonesa
Finnish:
japaninviiriäinen
French:
Caille du Japon
Croatian:
Japanska prepelica
Hungarian:
japán fürj
Icelandic:
Fræhæna
Italian:
Quaglia del Giappone
Japanese (romaji):
uzura
Japanese:
ウズラ
Lithuanian:
Japoninė putpelė
Dutch:
Japanse Kwartel
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Engvaktel
Norwegian:
Engvaktel
Polish:
przepiórka japońska
Portuguese:
Codorna-japonesa
Russian:
Немой перепел
Slovak:
prepelica japonská
Serbian:
Japanska prepelica
Swedish:
japansk vaktel
Ukrainian:
Перепілка японська
Chinese:
鹌鹑(日本鹌鹑)
Chinese (Traditional):
鵪鶉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Caille du Japon ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Caille du Japon ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 3]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Coturnix japonica [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Coturnix japonica [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes a subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Coturnix [coturnix or japonica] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Japanse kwartel
Asturian: Parpayar xaponesa
Azerbaijani: lal bildirçin
Belarusian: Японскі перапёлка
Bulgarian: Японски пъдпъдък
Bengali: জা঩াচন ফমটযা
Bengali (transliteration): jāpāni baṭērā
Breton: Koailh Japan
Catalan: Guatlla del Japó, Guatlla japonesa
Montenegrin: japanska prepelica, јапанска препелица
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): јапанска препелица
Czech: Krepelka japonská, křepelka japonská
Welsh: Sofliar Japan
Danish: Japansk Vagtel
German: Japanwachtel
Greek: Iαπωvικό oρτύκι
English: Asian Migratory Quail, Asiatic Migratory Quail, Japanese Quail
English, HBW: Japanese Quail
English (IOC): Japanese Quail
English (United States): Japanese Quail
Esperanto: Japana koturno
Spanish: Codorniz Japonesa, Cordoniz Japonesa
Spanish (Spain): Codorniz Japonesa
Spanish (HBW): Japanese Quail
Estonian: ida-põldvutt
Finnish: Japaninviiriäinen
French: Caille du Japon, Caille japonaise
Frisian: Japanske kwartel
Irish: Gearg Sheapánach
Galician: Paspallás xaponés
Manx: Quayl Shapaanagh
Croatian: Japanska prepelica
Hungarian: japán fürj
Icelandic: Fræhæna
Italian: Quaglia del Giappone, Quaglia giapponese
Japanese (romaji): uzura
Japanese: ウズラ
Japanese (Kanji):
Kabardian: ныбгъуэбзагуэ
Mongolian, Halh: наран бөднө, наран бүднээ
Kazakh: жапон бөденесі, жапондық бөдене, сақау бөдене
Korean: 메추라기
Kirghiz: жапон бөдөнөсү
Scientific: C. vulgaris japonica, Coturnix coturnix japonica, Coturnix japonica, Coturnix japonica japonica
Lithuanian: Japoninė putpelė
Latvian: Japānas paipala
Mongolian: бүднэ, Наран бөднө, Наран бүднээ
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠨᠠᠷᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠳᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠪᠦᠳᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Бүднэ
Mongolian (Transliteration): büden, me-churagi, naraŋ böden, naraŋ büdnee
Malay: Burung Puyuh
Maltese: summiena ġappuniża
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): бүднэ
Dutch: Japanse Kwartel, Japanse wartel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Engvaktel
Norwegian: Engvaktel, Japansk vaktel
Polish: przepiórka japonska, przepiórka japońska
Pinyin: ānchun, chì-hóu ānchun, chún, hóng-miàn ānchun, rìběn ānchun
Portuguese: Codorna-japonesa, Codorniz-japonesa
Portuguese (Portugal): Codorniz-japonesa
Rhaeto-Romance: Quacra giapunaisa
Romanian: Prepeliţă japoneză
Russian: Немой, немой перепел, Перепел немой, Японский перелел, Японский перепел
Northern Sami: Japánagoaktil
Slovak: prepelica japonská
Slovenian: Japonska prepelica, prepelica
Albanian: Shkurtëza japoneze
Serbian: Japanska prepelica
Swedish: Japansk vaktel
Thai: นกคุ่มญี่ปุ่น
Thai (Transliteration): nók kʰûm yîi-pùn
Turkish: Japon Bıldırcını
Tatar: тын бытбылдык , япон бытбылдыгы
Udmurt: кылтэм бӧдѐно
Ukrainian: Перепілка японська
Uzbek: ѐввойи соқов бедана, соқов бедана, япон беданаси
Vietnamese: Cay mốc, Cay Nhật, Cay nhật bản, Chim cút Nhật Bản
Chinese: 日本鹌鹑, 红面鹌鹑, 赤喉鹌鹑, 鵪鶉, 鹌鹑, 鹌鹑(日本鹌鹑), 鹑
Chinese (Traditional): 日本鵪鶉, 日本鵪鶉〔東亞鵪鶉〕, 紅面鵪鶉, 赤喉鵪鶉, 鵪鶉, 鶉
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 鵪鶉
Chinese (Taiwan): 鹌鹑

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