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Black Tern

Chlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758)

The black tern is a small tern generally found in or near inland water in Europe, Western Asia and North America. As its name suggests, it has predominantly dark plumage. In some lights it can appear blue in the breeding season, hence the old English name "blue darr". The genus name is from Ancient Greek khelidonios, "swallow-like", from khelidon, "swallow": another old English name for the black tern is "carr swallow". The species name is from Latin niger "shining black". Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Charadriiformes
Family:
  Laridae
Genus:
   Chlidonias
Scientific:
  Chlidonias niger


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.137

Protonym:
  Sterna nigra

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727042


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  115AF02DD58018FB

Avibase ID:
  avibase-115AF02D

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/115AF02D


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176959

Geographic range:

  • Chlidonias niger niger: W Palearctic; winters in Africa
  • Chlidonias niger surinamensis: N North America; winters Central America and n S America
English:
Black Tern
Catalan:
Fumarell negre
Czech:
rybák černý
Danish:
Sortterne
German:
Trauerseeschwalbe
Spanish:
Fumarel Común
Spanish (Spain):
Fumarel Común
Finnish:
mustatiira
French:
Guifette noire
Croatian:
Crna Čigra
Hungarian:
kormos szerkő
Icelandic:
Kolþerna
Italian:
Mignattino comune
Japanese (romaji):
hashigurokuroharaajisashi
Japanese:
ハシグロクロハラアジサシ
Lithuanian:
Juodoji žuvėdra
Dutch:
Zwarte Stern
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartterne
Norwegian:
Svartterne
Polish:
rybitwa czarna
Portuguese:
trinta-réis-negro / gaivina-preta
Portuguese (Brazil):
trinta-réis-negro
Russian:
Чёрная крачка
Slovak:
čorík čierny
Serbian:
crna čigra
Swedish:
svarttärna
Ukrainian:
Крячок чорний
Chinese:
黑浮鸥
Chinese (Traditional):
黑浮鷗


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Hydrochelidon nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Christidis and Boles (2008): Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Guifette noire ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Guifette noire ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Chlidonias nigra [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Chlidonias nigra [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Chlidonias nigra [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black Tern ( Chlidonias niger) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Chlidonias niger [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Chlidonias niger [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Swartmeerswael , Swartmeerswael (Swartsterretjie), Swartsterretjie
Arabic: الخرشنة السوداء, الخرشنة السوداء جنة, خرشنة سوداء
Asturian: Garrochín Prietu, Garrochín Sarríu, Raquín prietu
Azerbaijani: qara bataqlıqsüpürəni, Qara sterna, Qara susüpürən
Bashkir: ҡара аҡсарлаҡ , ҡара сарлаҡ, һаҙ аҡсарлағы
Belarusian: Рыбачка чорная, Чорная рыбачка
Bulgarian: Черна рибарка
Bengali: কারা ঩ানচচর
Bengali (transliteration): kālā pānacila*
Breton: Ar stêrwennel du, Stêrwennel zu
Catalan: Fumarell, Fumarell negre
Catalan (Balears): Fumarell
Montenegrin: crna čigra, црна чигра
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црна чигра
Czech: Rybák cerný, Rybák černý, rybák èerný
Chuvash: хура крачка, хура шыв чĕкеçĕ, хура шывчĕкеç
Welsh: Corswennol ddu, Cors-wennol ddu, Morwennol ddu, Ysgraell ddu
Danish: Sortterne
German: Trauerseeschwalbe
Greek: Μαυρoγλάρovo, Μαυρογλάρονο
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρογλάρονο
English: Black Tern
English, HBW: Black Tern
English (IOC): Black Tern
English (Kenya): Black Tern
English (United States): Black Tern
Esperanto: Nigra ŝterno
Spanish: Charrán Negro, Charrancito Negro, Fumarel Cenizo, Fumarel Comun, Fumarel Común, Fumarel Negro, Gaviota Ceniza, Gaviota golondrina negra, Gaviota Negra, Gaviotica Prieta, Gaviotín negro, Golondrina-marina Negra
Spanish (Argentine): Gaviotín negro
Spanish (Chile): Gaviotín negro
Spanish (Colombia): Gaviotín Negro
Spanish (Costa Rica): Charrancito Negro
Spanish (Cuba): Gaviotica Prieta
Spanish (Dominican Rep.): Charrán Negro, Gaviota Negra
Spanish (Ecuador): Gaviotín Negro
Spanish (Spain): Fumarel Común
Spanish (HBW): Fumarel común
Spanish (Honduras): Gaviota golondrina negra
Spanish (Mexico): charrán negro, Golondrina-marina Negra
Spanish (Nicaragua): Fumarel Negro
Spanish (Panama): Gaviotín Negro
Spanish (Peru): Gaviotín Negro
Spanish (Puerto Rico): Fumarel Común
Spanish (Uruguay): Gaviotín negro
Spanish (Venezuela): Gaviota Negra
Estonian: Mustviires
Basque: Fumarell negre , Itsas enara beltz, Itsas enara beltza
Persian: پرستو دریایی سیاه, پرستودریایی (پرستوتالابی) سیاه, پرستودریایی سیاه
Finnish: Mustatiira
Faroese: Svartterna
French: Guifette noire, Sterne noire
Friulian: ciule nere, cocalete
Frisian: Blaustirns
Irish: Geabhróg Dhubh
Gaelic: Steàrnan dubh
Galician: Fumarell negre , Gaivina negra
Manx: Gant doo, Sternag ghoo
Haitian Creole French: Mòv nwa
Hebrew: מירומית שחורה, מרומית שחורה
Croatian: Crna Cigra, Crna Čigra
Hungarian: Kormos szerko, Kormos szerkõ, Kormos szerkő
Armenian: [Sev Jratsitsar ], Սև Ջրածիծառ
Icelandic: Kolþerna, Koltþerna
Italian: Mignattino, Mignattino comune
Japanese (romaji): Hashi-guro kuro-hara ajisashi, hashi-guro kuro-hara aji-sashi, hashigurokuroharaajisashi, Hashiguro-kurohara-ajisashi
Japanese: ハシグロクロハラアジサシ
Japanese (Kanji): 嘴黒黒腹鯵刺
Georgian: შავი თევზიყლაპია, შანი თევზიყლაპია
Kara-Kalpak: қара шағала
Kabardian: псытхьэрыкъуапцӀэ
Mongolian, Halh: хараалзай
Khakas: Хара хайлах
Kazakh: Қара қарқылдақ, қара қарқылдақ шағала, қара қырқылдақ
Kazakh (Transliteration): qara qarqıldaq
Korean: 검은제비갈매기
Korean (Transliteration): geomeun-jebi-galmaegi
Karachay-Balkar: кам чайкъар
North Karelian: muštatiira
Cornish: Morwennol dhu
Kirghiz: кара чабакчыл, кара чагала
Scientific: Chlidonias niger, Chlidonias niger niger, Chlidonias nigra, Hydrochelidon nigra, Sterna nigra
Luxembourgish: Schwaarz Séischmuewel , Trauerséischmuewel
Lithuanian: Juodoji žuvedra, Juodoji žuvėdra
Latvian: Melnais zīriņš
Macedonian: Рибарска вртимушка, Црна рибарка
Malayalam: ആളക്കറുപ്പൻ
Mongolian: тэнүүл цахлай, хараалзай, Хилэн хараалай, Хилэн хараалзай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠢᠯᠡᠩ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯᠵᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠢᠯᠡᠩ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠯᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Хилэн хараалай
Mongolian (Transliteration): khileŋ kharaalai, khileŋ kharaalzai
Moldavian: Chirighiță neagră
Maltese: Cirlewwa Sewda, Ċirlewwa Sewda
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): тэнүүл цахлай
Dutch: Zwarte Stern
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartterne
Norwegian: Svartterne
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): hiekkukyyhköi
Polish: Rybitwa bialoczelna, Rybitwa białoczelna, rybitwa czarna
Pinyin: hēi fú-ōu
Portuguese: gaivina preta, Gaivina-preta, trinta-réis-negro, Trinta-réis-negro / Gaivina-preta
Portuguese (Brazil): trinta-reis-negro, Trinta-réis-negro
Portuguese (Portugal): Gaivina-preta
Romansh: Pestgarel nair
Rhaeto-Romance: Pestgarel nair
Romanian: Chirighiță neagră, Chirighiţă neagră
Russian: Chyornaya Krachka, Крачка черная, Черная болотная чайка, Черная крачка, Чёрная крачка
Yakut: хара тыыраахы
Sardinian: Caixedda
Northern Sami: Čáhppesdirru
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Kalu Kangul-lihiniya
Slovak: Čorík čierny, Rybár čierny
Slovenian: crna cigra, črna čigra
Albanian: Dallendyshe deti e zeze, Dallëndyshe deti e zezë, Dallëndyshe deti zezë
Serbian: crna cigra, crna čigra, Црна чигра
Sranan: Fisman
Swedish: Svarttärna
Tajik: крачкаи сиѐҳ
Turkmen: gara çerik
Turkish: Kara sumru, Siyah Deniz-kırlangıcı, Қара қарқылдақ
Tatar: кара диңгез акчарлагы , кара крачка
Tuvinian: Кара суг хараачыгайы
Ukrainian: Крячок чорний , Чорний крячок
Uzbek: қора чигиртчи
Kalmyk: хар болҗмр, хар харлла
Chinese: [hei fu-ou], 黑浮鷗, 黑浮鸥
Chinese (Traditional): 黑浮鷗
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 黑浮鷗
Chinese (Taiwan): [hei fu-ou], 黑浮鷗, 黑浮鸥

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