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Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra Linnaeus, C 1758

The red crossbill or common crossbill is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. Crossbills have distinctive mandibles, crossed at the tips, which enable them to extract seeds from conifer cones and other fruits. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Fringillidae
Genus:
   Loxia
Scientific:
  Loxia curvirostra


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, C 1758

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.171

Protonym:
  Loxia curvirostra

Link:
  https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/764491#page/190/mode/1up


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  135564AAF6B01DA2

Avibase ID:
  avibase-135564AA

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/135564AA


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 179259

Geographic range:

  • Loxia curvirostra curvirostra: Coniferous forests of n Europe to e Siberia and n Mongolia
  • Loxia curvirostra poliogyna: Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia
  • Loxia curvirostra corsicana: Coniferous forests of Corsica
  • Loxia curvirostra balearica: Balearic Islands
  • Loxia curvirostra guillemardi: Troödos Mountains (Cyprus)
  • Loxia curvirostra mariae: SW Crimean Peninsula
  • Loxia curvirostra pusilla (pusilla): widespread in the United States and highly irruptive, occurring north to southern Canada and south to extreme northern Mexico
  • Loxia curvirostra pusilla (percna): resident on Newfoundland
  • Loxia curvirostra altaiensis: Altai Mountains
  • Loxia curvirostra himalayensis: Himalayas (Kashmir to Nepal, Sikkim, sw China and sw Tibet)
  • Loxia curvirostra japonica: Extreme ne Asia; winters to e-cent. China and s Japanese islands
  • Loxia curvirostra tianschanica: Tien Shan Mountains (Kazakhstan)
  • Loxia curvirostra meridionalis: Mountains of s Vietnam (Da Lat Plateau)
  • Loxia curvirostra luzoniensis: N Philippines (mountains of n Luzon)
  • Loxia curvirostra bendirei: S Yukon and n Br. Col. to w US e of Cascades; winters to Baja
  • Loxia curvirostra [benti, vividior, reai]: Mts. of se Montana and ne Wyoming to sw US; winters to s Texas
  • Loxia curvirostra minor: S-central Canada and n-central US; winters to se US
  • Loxia curvirostra sitkensis: Coastal s Alaska to nw California; winters to ne US
  • Loxia curvirostra grinnelli: Mountains of sw US
  • Loxia curvirostra stricklandi: southeastern Arizona and southern New Mexico south through western Mexico (Sierra Nevada Occidental) to Chiapas
  • Loxia curvirostra mesamericana: Montane pine forests from Guatemala to n Nicaragua
  • Show more...
English:
Red Crossbill
Catalan:
Trencapinyes comú
Czech:
křivka obecná
Danish:
Lille Korsnæb
German:
Fichtenkreuzschnabel
Spanish:
Piquituerto Común
Spanish (Spain):
Piquituerto Común
Finnish:
pikkukäpylintu
French:
Bec-croisé des sapins
Croatian:
Krstokljun
Hungarian:
Keresztcsőrű
Icelandic:
Krossnefur
Italian:
Crociere comune
Japanese (romaji):
isuka
Japanese:
イスカ
Lithuanian:
Eglinis kryžiasnapis
Dutch:
Kruisbek
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Grankrossnebb
Norwegian:
Grankorsnebb
Polish:
krzyżodziób świerkowy
Portuguese:
cruza-bico
Russian:
Клёст-еловик
Slovak:
krivonos smrekový
Serbian:
krstokljun
Swedish:
Mindre korsnäbb
Ukrainian:
Шишкар ялиновий
Chinese:
红交嘴雀
Chinese (Traditional):
紅交嘴雀


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra)
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 63rd suppl.):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Red Crossbill ( Loxia curvirostra) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Loxia [curvirostra or sinesciuris] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Abkhazian: аҦсард
Arabic: الهزار الاحمر, نوع من الطيور
Asturian: Piñoneru, Piñoneru común, Tixera
Azerbaijani: alacadimdik, Küknar çaltadimdiyi, Küknar çataldimdiyi, küknar qartaldimdiyi, yolka çataldimdiyi
Bashkir: нарат сыпсығы, тәресуҡыш, шыршы турғайы
Belarusian: Белакрылы крыжадзюб, Крыжадзюб, Крыжадзюб-яловік
Bulgarian: Обикновена кръсточовка
Breton: Ar beg-kroaz, Beg-kroaz
Catalan: Trencapinyes, Trencapinyes comú, Trencapinyons
Catalan (Balears): Trencapinyons
Montenegrin: krstokljun, крстокљун
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): крстокљун
Czech: køivka obecná, Krivka obecná, Křivka obecná
Chuvash: чăрăш кукăрсăмси
Welsh: Croesbig, Gylfin groes, Gylfingroes
Danish: Lille korsnæb
German: Fichtenkreuzschnabel
Greek: (Κοινός) Σταυρομύτης, Σταυρoμύτης, Σταυρομούττης, Σταυρομύτης
Greek (Cypriot): Σταυρομούττης
English: American Crossbill, Bendire's Crossbill, Bent's Crossbill, Common Crossbill, Crossbill, Fir Crossbill, Grinnell's Crossbill, Mexican Crossbill, Newfoundland Crossbill, Red Crossbill, Sitka Crossbill
English (United Kingdom): Common Crossbill
English, HBW: Red Crossbill (not sinesciuris)
English (IOC): Red Crossbill
English (United States): Red Crossbill
Esperanto: malgranda krucbekulo, Ruĝa krucbekulo
Spanish: Picotuerto Rojo, Piquituerto, Piquituerto Común, Piquituerto franjeado, piquituerto rojo, Piquitureto Común
Spanish (Spain): Piquituerto Común
Spanish (HBW): Piquituerto común
Spanish (Honduras): piquituerto rojo
Spanish (Mexico): Picotuerto Rojo
Spanish (Nicaragua): Piquituerto Común
Estonian: Kuuse-käbilind
Basque: Mokoker (arrunt), Mokokerra, Trencapinyes
Persian: سهره نوک‌ قیچی, سهره نوک‌قیچی, سهرۀ نوک‌قیچی
Finnish: Pikkukäpylintu
Faroese: Krossnev
French: Bec-croisé commun, Beccroisé des sapins, Bec-croisé des sapins, Bec-croise rouge, Bec-croisé rouge
Friulian: bec crosât, bec in crôs, bec stuart, becstuart
Frisian: Krúsbek
Irish: Crosghob
Gaelic: Cam-Ghob
Galician: Cruzabico, Cruzabico común, Trencapinyes
Manx: Gob cam
Hebrew: צלוב מקור, צלוב מקור מצוי, צלוב־מקור, צלוב-מקור, צלוב-מקור אדום
Croatian: Krstokljun, Krstokljun omorikaš
Hungarian: Keresztcsoru, Keresztcsõrû, Keresztcsőrű
Armenian: [Yeghevnu Khachktuts ], Եղեվնու Խաչկտուց, Եղևնու Խաչկտուց
Icelandic: Krossnefur
Italian: Crociere, Crociere comune
Japanese (romaji): isuka
Japanese: イスカ
Japanese (Kanji): 交喙, 鶍
Georgian: ნასკარტმარწუხა, ნისკარტმარწუხა
Kara-Kalpak: тоғай шымшығы
Kabardian: пэкъуу, пэкъыу
Mongolian, Halh: гацуурын загалмай бялзуухай, гацуурын солбинхушуут, загалмай бялзуухай
Khakas: Алысхан
Kazakh: шырша қайшыауызы, шырша торғайы, Шыршашыл қайшауыз, шыршашыл қайшыауыз
Kazakh (Transliteration): şırşaşıl qayşawız
Korean: 솔잣새
Korean (Transliteration): sol-jas-sae
Karachay-Balkar: къапчыкъбурун, къыбчакъбурун, назы чыпчыкъ
Cornish: Gelvyn cam
Kirghiz: кайчы тумшук, кайчытумшук, карагайчыл кайчытумшук
Scientific: Loxia curvirostra, Loxia curvirostra curvirostra, Loxia curvirostra poliogyna
Luxembourgish: Kräizschniewel
Lithuanian: Eglinis kryžiasnapis
Latvian: Egļu krustknābis, Egļu putns
Macedonian: Крстоклун
Mongolian: Гацуурын загалмай бялзуухай, Гацуурын солбин хошуут, Гацуурын солбинхушуут, загалмай бялзуухай, улаан загалмай божрог
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠯᠮᠠᠢ ᠪᠣᠵᠢᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Улаан загалмай божрог
Mongolian (Transliteration): khürdeg zagalmai byalzuukhai, tol't solbiŋ-khushuut, ulaan zagalmai bojrog
Moldavian: Forfecuță
Montagnais (Innu-aimun): ashtaukuteshish
Maltese: Kruċjat, ortulan geddumu imsallab
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): улаан загалмай божрог
Nepali: कÄचीठू“डे
Dutch: Kruisbek
Norwegian Nynorsk: Grankrossnebb
Norwegian: Grankorsnebb
Polish: krzyzodziób swierkowy, Krzyżodziób świerkowy
Pinyin: bái-fù-hé, dōng-fāng jiāo-zuǐ, hóng jiāo-zuǐ, hóng jiāo-zuǐ-què, jiāo-huì-niǎo, jiāo-zuǐ, jiāo-zuǐ-niǎo, jiāo-zuǐ-què, qīng jiāo-zuǐ, wāi-zuǐ què
Portuguese: cruza bico, Cruza-bico, Cruza-bico(-comum), Cruza-bico-comum
Portuguese (Portugal): Cruza-bico, cruza-bico-comum
Romansh: Cruscharel
Rhaeto-Romance: Cruscharel
Romanian: Forfecuță, Forfecuţa
Russian: Klyost-yelovik, Клест обыкновенный, Клест-еловик, Клёст-еловик, обыкновенный, Обыкновенный клест, Обыкновенный клёст, Обыкновенный Клест - Клест Еловик
Yakut: харыйа ымыыта
Scots: Cam ghob
Northern Sami: Guossabáhcatloddi
Slovak: Krivonos obyčajný, krivonos smrekový
Slovenian: krivokljun, mali krivokljun
Albanian: Sqepkryqi
Serbian: krstokljun, Крстоклјун, Крстокљун
Swedish: Mindre korsnäbb
Turkmen: ýolkaçy girrik
Turkish: Bayağı çaprazgaga, Çaprazgaga, Yeni Dünya
Tatar: чыршы чукыры
Tuvinian: Белдир хаай, белдир-хаай, Моча-хаай
Udmurt: ваменныр, горд пекшал, горд пештал, гордказ, гордпекшал, гордпештал, кайсы, кайсыос, качы, кечатныр, кызулбур, пештал
Ukrainian: Шишкар ялиновий , Ялиновий шишкар
Uzbek: арча қайчитумшуғи
Vietnamese: Chim Mỏ chéo, Mỏ chéo
Kalmyk: һацурма, ногтыры
Chinese: [hong jiao-zui-que], [jiao-hui-niao], [jiao-zui], [jiao-zui-niao], [wai-zui que], 东方交嘴, 交喙鸟, 交嘴, 交嘴雀, 交嘴鸟, 歪嘴雀, 白腹鶡, 红交嘴, 红交嘴雀, 青交嘴
Chinese (Traditional): 交喙鳥, 交嘴, 交嘴雀, 交嘴鳥, 東方交嘴, 歪嘴雀, 白腹鶡, 紅交嘴, 紅交嘴雀, 青交嘴

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