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Merlin (columbarius)

Falco columbarius columbarius Linnaeus, 1758




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Classification
Order:
  Falconiformes
Family:
  Falconidae
Genus:
   Falco
Scientific:
  Falco columbarius columbarius


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.90

Protonym:
  Falco columbarius

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726997


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  139C813EEFAA11F2

Avibase ID:
  avibase-139C813E

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/139C813E


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175614

Geographic range:

  • Falco columbarius columbarius: North America (except for Pacific coast and Great Plains)
English:
Merlin (columbarius)
French:
Faucon émerillon (columbarius)


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Merlin (columbarius) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Merlin (Taiga) ( Falco columbarius columbarius) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Falco columbarius columbarius [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: nominal subspecies

This taxon is a subspecies of Falco columbarius [columbarius or suckleyi]

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Arabic: يؤيؤ (columbarius)
Asturian: Esmeriyón común (columbarius)
Azerbaijani: Sərçəçalan qızılquş (columbarius yarımnövü)
Bulgarian: Малък сокол (ssp. columbarius)
Catalan: Esmerla (columbarius)
Czech: dřemlík tundrový (ssp. columbarius)
Danish: Dværgfalk, Tajga (ssp. columbarius)
German: Merlin (columbarius)
Greek: Νανογέρακο (columbarius)
English: Eastern Pigeon Hawk, Merlin (columbarius), Merlin (Taiga), North-east Nearctic Merlin, Pigeon Hawk, Taiga Merlin
English, HBW: Merlin (Taiga)
English (IOC): Merlin (Taiga)
English (United States): Merlin (Taiga)
Spanish: Esmerejón (de la taiga), Halcón Esmerejón (columbarius)
Spanish (Costa Rica): Esmerejón (columbarius)
Spanish (Cuba): Halconcito de palomas (columbarius)
Spanish (Ecuador): Esmerejón (columbarius)
Spanish (Spain): Esmerejón (columbarius), Esmerejón (de la taiga)
Spanish (HBW): Merlin (Taiga)
Spanish (Mexico): Halcón Esmerejón (columbarius)
Spanish (Panama): Merlín (columbarius)
Spanish (Peru): Halcón Esmerejón (columbarius)
Basque: Belatz txikia (columbarius)
Persian: ترم ‌تای معمولی (columbarius)
Finnish: ampuhaukka (columbarius)
French: Faucon émerillon (columbarius), Faucon émerillon (forme de la taïga), Faucon émerillon (taïga)
Galician: Falcón esmerillón (columbarius)
Hebrew: בז גמדי (צפון אמריקני)
Hungarian: Kis sólyom (Tajgai)
Armenian: Աղավնաբազե (columbarius)
Icelandic: Smyrill (columbarius)
Japanese (romaji): kochougenbou (columbarius)
Japanese: コチョウゲンボウ (columbarius), コチョウゲンボウ(columbarius)
Kazakh: Солтүстік Америка тұрымтайы
Scientific: Falco colombarius colombarius, Falco columbarius, Falco columbarius bendirei, Falco columbarius columbarius
Lithuanian: Startsakalis (columbarius)
Maltese: seqer iż-żgħir ta' l-Amerika ta' Fuq
Dutch: Smelleken (columbarius)
Norwegian: dvergfalk (columbarius)
Polish: drzemlik (columbarius)
Portuguese (Brazil): esmerilhão (columbarius)
Portuguese (Portugal): Esmerilhão (columbarius)
Russian: Дербник (columbarius)
Slovak: sokol americký, sokol americký (skup.)
Slovenian: Mali sokol (columbarius)
Serbian: Mali soko (columbarius)
Swedish: stenfalk (columbarius)
Thai: เหยี่ยวเมอร์ลิน (ป่าสน)
Turkish: Boz Doğan (columbarius)
Chinese: 灰背隼 (columbarius)

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