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Black Crake

Zapornia flavirostra (Swainson, WJ 1837)

The black crake is a waterbird in the rail and crake family, Rallidae. It breeds in most of sub-Saharan Africa except in very arid areas. It undertakes some seasonal movements in those parts of its range which are subject to drought. No subspecies have been described. It appears that the oldest available name for this species is actually Rallus niger J. F. Gmelin, 1788, but Swainson believed that the earlier name was unidentifiable, and his own has since become well embedded in the literature. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Rallidae
Genus:
   Zapornia
Scientific:
  Zapornia flavirostra


Original description

Citation:
  (Swainson, WJ 1837)

Reference:
   Nat. Hist. Birds W. Afr. 2 p.244 pl.28

Protonym:
  Gallinula flavirostra

Link:
  https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/57925#page/296/mode/1up


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  148F0B012CB5233A

Avibase ID:
  avibase-148F0B01

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/148F0B01


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 558539

Geographic range:

  • Zapornia flavirostra: Africa south of the Sahara
English:
Black Crake
Catalan:
Polla negra
Czech:
chřástal žlutozobý
Danish:
Sort Rørvagtel
German:
Schwarzkielralle
Spanish:
Polluela Negra Africana
Spanish (Spain):
Polluela Negra Africana
Finnish:
mustahuitti
French:
Marouette à bec jaune
Croatian:
Crni štijoka
Hungarian:
mór vízicsibe
Icelandic:
Sótrella
Italian:
Rallo nero
Japanese (romaji):
afurikakurokuina
Japanese:
アフリカクロクイナ
Lithuanian:
juodasis amaurornis
Dutch:
Zwart Porseleinhoen
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartrikse
Norwegian:
Svartrikse
Polish:
kureczka czarna
Portuguese:
Franga-d'água-preta
Russian:
Чёрный погоныш
Slovak:
chriašť mníšsky
Serbian:
Afrički crni barski petlić
Swedish:
korprall
Ukrainian:
Багновик африканський
Chinese:
黑苦恶鸟
Chinese (Traditional):
黑苦惡鳥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Râle à bec jaune ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Râle à bec jaune ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 1st edition:
Black Crake ( Limnocorax flavirostra)
Clements, version 2021:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Clements 3rd edition:
Black Crake ( Limnocorax flavirostra)
Clements 4th edition:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
Clements 6th edition:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements, version 2015:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Clements, version 2016:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Clements, version 2017:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Clements, version 2018:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Clements, version 2019:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
eBird version 1.50:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
eBird version 1.52:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
eBird version 1.53:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
eBird version 1.54:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
eBird version 1.55:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
eBird version 2015:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
eBird version 2016:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
eBird version 2017:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
eBird version 2018:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
eBird version 2019:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
eBird version 2021:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
African Black Crake ( Porzana flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
African Black Crake ( Porzana flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostris)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Limnocorax flavirostra
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Limnocorax flavirostra
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Limnocorax flavirostra
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black Crake ( Amaurornis flavirostra)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Black Crake ( Zapornia flavirostra)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Amaurornis flavirostra
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Amaurornis flavirostra

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Swartriethaan
Azerbaijani: qara çivdimdik
Bulgarian: Африканска пъструшка
Catalan: Polla negra
Czech: Chrástal žlutozobý, chřástal žlutozobý
Welsh: Rhegen ddu Affrica
Danish: Sort Rørvagtel
German: Mohrenralle, Mohrensumpfhuhn, Negerralle, Schwarzkielralle
Greek: Αφρικαvική μαυρoπoυλάδα
English: African Black Crake, Black Crake, Black Rail, Black waterhen
English, HBW: Black Crake
English (IOC): Black Crake
English (Kenya): Black Crake
English (United States): Black Crake
Esperanto: Flavbeka amaŭrornito, Nigra galinolo
Spanish: Polluela Negra, Polluela Negra Africana
Spanish (Spain): Polluela Negra Africana
Spanish (HBW): Black Crake
Estonian: musthuik
Finnish: Mustahuitti
French: Marouette à bec jaune, Marouette noire, Marouette noire à bec jaune, Poule d'eau noire, Râle à bec jaune, Râle noir
Frisian: Swart reidhintsje
Irish: Crág dhubh Afracach
Galician: Poliña negra
Croatian: Crna štijoka, Crni štijoka
Hungarian: Fekete vízicsibe, mór vízicsibe
Icelandic: Sótrella
Italian: Galinella nera, Rallo nero, Schiribilla nera africana
Japanese (romaji): afurikakurokuina
Japanese: アフリカクロクイナ
Kwangali: Katukutuku
Scientific: Amaurornis flavirostra, Amaurornis flavirostris, Amaurornis niger, Gallinula flavirostra, Limnocorax flavirostra, Limnocorax flavirostris, Limnocorax niger, Porzana flavirostra, Rallus niger, Zapornia flavirostra
Lithuanian: Afrikinė juodvištė, juodasis amaurornis, Juodoji žaliasnapė vištelė
Latvian: melnais ormanītis
Macedonian: Црна барска кокошка
Dutch: Zwart Porseleinhoen, Zwart Poseleinhoen, Zwarte Kwartelkoning, Zwarte waterral
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartrikse
Norwegian: Svartrikse
Polish: kureczka czarna
Portuguese: Franga-d'água-preta
Portuguese (Portugal): franga-d'água-preta, Frango-d'água-negro
Rhaeto-Romance: Ralla dal bec mellen
Romanian: Cresteţ negru
Russian: Африканский чёрный пастушок, Африканский чёрный погоныш, Чёрный погоныш
Northern Sami: Čáhppesjeaggevuonccis
Slovak: chriašť mníšsky, chriašteľ mníší
Slovenian: vranja tukalica
Shona: Nhapata
Serbian: Afrički crni barski petlić, Crni barski petlić
Swedish: Korprall
Swahili: Kiluwiri Mweusi
Turkish: Kara Afrika yelvesi, Kara Suyelvesi
Tsonga: Hukunambu
Ukrainian: Багновик африканський
Chinese: 黑苦恶鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 黑苦惡鳥
Zulu: umJekejeke

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