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Carib Grackle

Quiscalus lugubris Swainson, 1838

The Carib Grackle (Quiscalus lugubris) is a New World tropical blackbird, a resident breeder in the Lesser Antilles and northern South America east of the Andes, from Colombia east to Venezuela and northeastern Brazil. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Icteridae
Genus:
  Quiscalus

Scientific:
  Quiscalus lugubris

Citation:
  Swainson, 1838

Reference:
  Anim.Menag. p.299 fig.50c[=54c]

Protonym:
  Quiscalus lugubris

Avibase ID:
  159FB51C370F6D18

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/159FB51C

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 562671

Geographic range:

  • Quiscalus lugubris lugubris: NE Colombia to n Venezuela, the Guianas and ne Brazil; Trinidad
  • Quiscalus lugubris guadeloupensis: Montserrat, Guadeloupe, Marie Galante, Dominica and Martinique
  • Quiscalus lugubris inflexirostris: St. Lucia (Lesser Antilles)
  • Quiscalus lugubris luminosus: Lesser Antilles (Grenada, the Grenadines and Islas Los Testigos)
  • Quiscalus lugubris orquillensis: Islas Los Hermanos (off Venezuela)
  • Quiscalus lugubris insularis: Isla Margarita and Islas Los Frailes (off Venezuela)
  • Quiscalus lugubris fortirostris: Barbados; introduced Barbuda and Antigua
  • Quiscalus lugubris contrusus: St. Vincent (Lesser Antilles)
  • Show more...
English:
Carib Grackle
Czech:
vlhovec karibský
German:
Trauergrackel
Danish:
Caribergrackel
Spanish:
Zanate Caribeño
Finnish:
pihaturpiaali
French:
Quiscale merle
Italian:
Gracula dei Caraibi
Japanese:
kokuromukudorimodoki
Japanese:
コクロムクドリモドキ
Dutch:
Caribische Troepiaal
Norwegian:
Sørgetrupial
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Sørgjetrupial
Polish:
wilgowron zalobny
Portuguese:
Irauna-do-norte
Portuguese (Brazil):
Iraúna-do-norte
Russian:
Траурный вороний дрозд
Slovak:
vlhovec karibský
Swedish:
karibbåtstjärt
Ukrainian:
Гракл карибський
Chinese:
辉拟八哥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 45th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 46th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 47th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 48th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 49th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 50th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 51st suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 52nd suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 53rd suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 54th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 55th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 56th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 57th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Quiscale merle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Quiscale merle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Quiscalus lugubris [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Quiscalus lugubris [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Quiscalus lugubris [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Carib Grackle ( Quiscalus lugubris) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Quiscalus lugubris [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Quiscalus lugubris [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Catalan: quíscal del Carib
Carib: Alesi-enanen
Czech: Vlhovec karibský
Danish: Caribergrackel, Karibergrackel
German: Trauergrackel, Trauer-Grackel
Aukan: Andoki
English: Carib Grackle, Carib Grakle, Lesser Antillean Grackle
English (IOC): Carib Grackle
Spanish: Tordito, Tordo Llanero, Tordo negro, Zanate Caribeño
Spanish (Colombia): Tordo Llanero
Spanish (Spain): Zanate Caribeño
Spanish (HBW): Carib Grackle
Spanish (Panama): Tordo Caribe
Spanish (Venezuela): Tordito, Tordo negro
Finnish: Pihaturpiaali
French: Quiscale lugubre, Quiscale merle
Guianese Creole French: Zozo-djabou-mèrl
Guadeloupean Creole French: Bilbitin, Crédit, Merle
Hungarian: karibi csónakfarkú
Italian: Gracchio dei Caraibi, Gracula caraibica, Gracula dei Caraibi
Japanese: kokuromukudorimodoki
Japanese: コクロムクドリモドキ
Scientific: Gracula barita, Quiscalus lugubris, Quiscalus lugubris lugubris
Lithuanian: Karibinis graklas, karibinis kviskalas
Dutch: Caribische Troepiaal
Norwegian Nynorsk: Sørgjetrupial
Norwegian: Sørgetrupial
Palikúr: Dugevutneh  
Polish: wilgowron zalobny, wilgowron żałobny
Portuguese: iraúna-do-Caribe, Irauna-do-norte, iraúna-do-norte
Portuguese (Brazil): iraúna-do-Caribe, irauna-do-norte, Iraúna-do-norte
Portuguese (Portugal): Iraúna-do-norte
Russian: Траурный вороний дрозд, Траурный гракл
Slovak: vlhovec karibský
Serbian: Karipski kukuruzar
Saramaccan: Hêno
Sranan: Bootstaartkarufowru
Swedish: Karibbåtstjärt
Ukrainian: Гракл карибський
Wayana: Tusikë
Chinese: 辉拟八哥
Chinese (Traditional): 加勒比擬八哥

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