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Kakapo

Strigops habroptila Gray, GR, 1845

The Kakapo (Māori: kākāpō, meaning night parrot), Strigops habroptilus (Gray, 1845), also called owl parrot, is a species of large, flightless, nocturnal, ground dwelling parrot of the super-family Strigopoidea endemic to New Zealand. It has finely blotched yellow-green plumage, a distinct facial disc of sensory, vibrissa-like feathers, a large grey beak, short legs, large feet, and wings and a tail of relatively short length. A certain combination of traits makes it unique among its kind—it is the world's only flightless parrot, the heaviest parrot, nocturnal, herbivorous, visibly sexually dimorphic in body size, has a low basal metabolic rate, no male parental care, and is the only parrot to have a polygynous lek breeding system. It is also possibly one of the world's longest-living birds. Its anatomy typifies the tendency of bird evolution on oceanic islands, with few predators and abundant food: a generally robust physique, with accretion of thermodynamic efficiency at the expense of flight abilities, reduced wing muscles, and a diminished keel on the sternum. Like many other New Zealand bird species, the Kakapo was historically important to the Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand, appearing in many of their traditional legends and folklore. It was hunted and used as a resource by Māori, both for its meat as a food source and for its feathers, which were used to make highly valued pieces of clothing. It was also sometimes kept as a pet. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Psittaciformes
Family:
  Strigopidae
Genus:
  Strigops

Scientific:
  Strigops habroptila

Citation:
  Gray, GR, 1845

Reference:
  Gen.Birds 2 p.427 pl.CV

Protonym:
  Strigops habroptilus

Avibase ID:
  16804FAF5DCCB288

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/16804FAF

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 714021


CRITICALLY ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Strigops habroptila: Nothofagus forests of New Zealand (on verge of extinction)
English:
Kakapo
Czech:
kakapo soví
German:
Kakapo
Danish:
Uglepapegøje
Spanish:
Kakapo
Finnish:
kakapo
French:
Strigops kakapo
Icelandic:
Uglupáfi
Italian:
Kakapo
Japanese:
fukurououmu
Japanese:
フクロウオウム
Dutch:
Kakapo
Norwegian:
Kakapo
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Kakapo
Polish:
kakapo
Portuguese:
Kakapo
Russian:
Какапо
Slovak:
kakapo sovovitý
Swedish:
kakapo
Ukrainian:
Какапо
Chinese:
鸮面鹦鹉


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Strigops kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Strigops kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 1st edition:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 3rd edition:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 4th edition:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Clements 6th edition:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements, version 2015:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements, version 2016:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements, version 2017:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements, version 2018:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Clements, version 2019:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 1.50:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 1.52:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 1.53:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 1.54:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 1.55:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 2015:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 2016:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 2017:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 2018:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
eBird version 2019:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptila)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
James Lee Peters:
Strigops habroptilus
James Lee Peters (original):
Strigops habroptilus
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Strigops habroptilus
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Kakapo ( Strigops habroptilus)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Strigops habroptila
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Strigops habroptila

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Catalan: Kakapo
Czech: Kakapo soví
Danish: Uglepapegøje
German: Eulenpapagei, Kakapo
English: Kakapo, Owl Parrot
English (IOC): Kakapo
Spanish: Kakapo
Spanish (Spain): Kakapo
Spanish (HBW): Kakapo
Estonian: kakkpapagoi (kakapo)
Finnish: Kakapo, pöllöpapukaija
French: Kakapo, Perroquet hibou, Strigops kakapo
Hungarian: kakapó
Icelandic: Uglupáfi
Italian: Kakapo
Japanese: fukurououmu
Japanese: フクロウオウム
Scientific: Strigops habroptila, Strigops habroptilus, Stringops habroptilus
Lithuanian: Pelėdinė papūga
Maori: Kakapo, Ka-ka-po
Dutch: Kakapo
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kakapo
Norwegian: Kakapo, Uglepapegøye
Polish: kakapo
Portuguese: Kakapo
Russian: Какапо, совиный попугай
Slovak: kakapo sovovitý
Slovenian: kakapo, Sovji papagaj
Serbian: Kakapo
Swedish: Kakapo, Ugglepapegoja
Ukrainian: Какапо
Chinese: 鸮面鹦鹉
Chinese (Traditional): 鴞鸚鵡

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