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Sword-billed Hummingbird

Ensifera ensifera (Boissonneau, A 1840)

The sword-billed hummingbird, also known as the swordbill, is a neotropical species of hummingbird from the Andean regions of South America. It is the only member in the genus Ensifera. Among the largest species of hummingbird, it is characterized by its unusually long bill, being the only bird to have a beak longer than the rest of its body, excluding the tail. It uses its bill to drink nectar from flowers with long corollas and has coevolved with the species Passiflora mixta. While most hummingbirds preen using their bills, the sword-billed hummingbird uses its feet to scratch and preen due to its bill being so long. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Apodiformes
Family:
  Trochilidae
Genus:
   Ensifera
Scientific:
  Ensifera ensifera


Original description

Citation:
  (Boissonneau, A 1840)

Reference:
   Rev. Zool. Soc. Cuvierienne 2(1839) p.354

Protonym:
  Ornismya ensifera

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2299250


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  191F838FFB97AC1B

Avibase ID:
  avibase-191F838F

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/191F838F


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 555235

Geographic range:

  • Ensifera ensifera: Andes of w Venezuela to ne Bolivia
English:
Sword-billed Hummingbird
Catalan:
Colibrí bec d'espasa
Czech:
kolibřík mečozobec
Danish:
Sværdkolibri
German:
Schwertschnabelkolibri
Spanish:
Colibrí Picoespada
Spanish (Spain):
Colibrí Picoespada
Finnish:
peitsikolibri
French:
Colibri porte-épée
Croatian:
dugokljuni kolibrić
Hungarian:
szuronyos kolibri
Icelandic:
Sverðbríi
Italian:
Colibrì spadaccino
Japanese (romaji):
yarihashihachidori
Japanese:
ヤリハシハチドリ
Lithuanian:
Kardasnapis kolibris
Dutch:
Zwaardkolibrie
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Sverdkolibri
Norwegian:
Sverdkolibri
Polish:
mieczodziobek
Portuguese:
Beija-flor-bico-de-espada 
Russian:
Мечеклюв
Slovak:
dlhozobec vrchovský
Serbian:
Kolibri mačonosac
Swedish:
svärdnäbb
Ukrainian:
Колібрі-списодзьоб
Chinese:
剑嘴蜂鸟
Chinese (Traditional):
刀嘴蜂鳥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Colibri porte-épée ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Colibri porte-épée ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements, version 2022:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
eBird version 2022:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.2:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Ensifera ensifera [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Ensifera ensifera [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Ensifera ensifera [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/10/2003):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (14/09/2005):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/07/2006):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (26/09/2007):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (01/05/2008):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (30/09/2009):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (19/08/2010):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/08/2011):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/02/2012):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/09/2012):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (17/03/2013):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (9/02/2014):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (16/02/2015):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (28/07/2016):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (22/04/2017):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (4/06/2018):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (6/06/2019):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (20/02/2020):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (8/06/2020):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
South American Classification Committee (24/08/2021):
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Sword-billed Hummingbird ( Ensifera ensifera) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ensifera ensifera [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ensifera ensifera [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Catalan: Colibrí bec d'espasa
Czech: Kolibrík mecozobec, kolibřík mečozobec
Danish: Sværdkolibri
German: Schertschnabel, Schwertschnabel, Schwertschnabelkolibri
English: Sword billed Hummingbird, Sword-billed humingbird, Sword-billed Hummingbird
English, HBW: Sword-billed Hummingbird
English (IOC): Sword-billed Hummingbird
English (United States): Sword-billed Hummingbird
Spanish: Colibrí de Pico Espada, Colibrí Pico Espada, Colibrí Picoespada
Spanish (Colombia): Colibrí pico de espada, Colibrí Picoespada
Spanish (Ecuador): Colibrí Picoespada
Spanish (Spain): Colibrí Picoespada
Spanish (HBW): Sword-billed Hummingbird
Spanish (Peru): Colibrí Pico-Espada
Spanish (Venezuela): Colibrí Pico Espada
Estonian: mõõknokk-koolibri
Finnish: Peitsikolibri
French: Bec-en-sabre, Colibri porte-épée, Porte-épée de Lesson
Croatian: dugokljuni kolibrić
Hungarian: szuronyos kolibri
Icelandic: Sverðbríi
Italian: Colibrì becco a spada, Colibrì spadaccino
Japanese (romaji): yarihashihachidori
Japanese: ヤリハシハチドリ
Kazakh: қылыштұмсық колибри
Kirghiz: жебетумшук колибри
Scientific: Ensifera ensifera, Ensifera ensifera ensifera, Ornismya ensifera
Lithuanian: Kardasnapis kolibris
Dutch: Zwaardkolibrie
Norwegian Nynorsk: Sverdkolibri
Norwegian: Sverdkolibri
Polish: Mieczodziób, mieczodziobek
Portuguese: Beija-flor-bico-de-espada 
Portuguese (Portugal): colibri-bico-de-espada
Russian: колибри-мечеклюв, Мечеклюв, Мечеклювый колибри, шпагоклювый колибри
Slovak: dlhozobec vrchovský, Kolibrík mečozobý
Serbian: Kolibri mačonosac
Swedish: Svärdnäbb
Turkish: Kılıç gagalı kolibri
Tatar: кылыч канатлы (sic) чебенкош, кылыч томшыклы чебенкош
Ukrainian: Колібрі-списодзьоб
Chinese: 剑嘴蜂鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 刀嘴蜂鳥

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