Your login:

Password:

Stay signed in

Enter your login name or your email address and click on Send reminder to receive a reminder by email.


Welcome Guest

Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail

Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis] (= Motacilla flava) Linnaeus, 1758




(0 votes)
Photo powered by flickr.com.


Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Motacillidae
Genus:
  Motacilla

Scientific:
  Motacilla flava

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.185

Protonym:
  Motacilla flava

Avibase ID:
  1F56DC34CAC3901F

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/1F56DC34

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 178483

Geographic range:

  • Motacilla flava flava: S Scandinavia to c Europe, and Ural Mts.; >sub-Saharan Africa
  • Motacilla flava beema: Russia to w Siberia, n Kazakhstan and Altai; >e Africa, India
  • Motacilla flava cinereocapilla: Italy, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Slovenia; >w-c Africa
  • Motacilla flava pygmaea: Egypt (delta and s along Nile River)
  • Motacilla flava iberiae: SW France, Iberian Pen. and nw Africa; >w and n-c Africa
  • Motacilla flava leucocephala: NW Mongolia to nw China and adj. USSR; >mostly in India
  • Motacilla flava flavissima: Britain and adj. coastal Europe; >Africa
  • Motacilla flava lutea: Lower Volga R basin to Kazakhstan; >Africa, Indian subcontinent
  • Motacilla flava [feldegg or melanogrisea]: Balkans to Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan; >e Africa, s Asia
  • Motacilla flava thunbergi: Scandinavia to nw Siberia; >sub-Saharan Africa,s and SE Asia
  • Motacilla tschutschensis [tschutschensis, simillima, zaissanensis or angarensis]: Breeds eastern Siberia south to western Transbaikalia, southern Siberia, northern Mongolia, Kamchatka, Commander and northern Kurile Islands, and extreme northwestern North America; winters to southeastern China (and Taiwan?), the Philippines, and southeastern Asia from Myanmar east to Indochina and south to Indonesia
  • Motacilla tschutschensis plexa: Breeds northern Siberia; winter range incompletely known, but winters in southeast Asia, west perhaps to India
  • Motacilla tschutschensis macronyx: Ussuriland to ne Mongolia and c Manchuria; >SE Asia, se China
  • Motacilla tschutschensis taivana: SE Siberia to Sea of Okhotsk and n Japan; >s Asia, Indonesia
  • Show more...
English:
Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail
Czech:
konipas luční
German:
Schafstelze
Danish:
Gul Vipstjert
Spanish:
Lavandera Boyera
Finnish:
keltavästäräkki
French:
Bergeronnette printanière ou B. de Béringie
Icelandic:
Gulerla
Italian:
Cutrettola
Japanese:
tsumenagasekirei
Japanese:
ツメナガセキレイ
Dutch:
Gele Kwikstaart
Norwegian:
Gulerle
Polish:
pliszka żółta
Portuguese:
Alvéola-amarela
Russian:
Жёлтая трясогузка
Slovak:
trasochvost žltý
Swedish:
Gulärla
Ukrainian:
Плиска жовта
Chinese:
黄鹡鸰


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (1886):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 1st suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 2nd suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 3rd suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 4th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 5th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 6th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 1st edition (incl. 7th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (1895):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 8th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 9th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 10th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 11th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 12th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 13th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 14th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 2nd edition (incl. 15th suppl.):
Siberian Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (1910):
Alaska Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 16th suppl.):
Alaska Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 17th suppl.):
Alaska Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 3rd edition (incl. 18th suppl.):
Alaska Yellow Wagtail ( Budytes flavus) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (1931):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 19th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 20th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 21st suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 22nd suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 34th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (1983):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 35th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 36th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 37th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 38th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 39th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 40th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 6th edition (incl. 41st suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (1998):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 42nd suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 43rd suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 7th edition (incl. 44th suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Bergeronnette printanière ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 1.52:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 1.53:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 1.54:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 1.55:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 2015:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 2016:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 2017:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 2018:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
eBird version 2019:
Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava/tschutschensis)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 4]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
James Lee Peters:
Motacilla flava [version 1]
James Lee Peters (original):
Motacilla flava [version 1]
James Lee Peters (2nd edition):
Motacilla flava [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
Yellow Wagtail ( Motacilla flava) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

Your sightings

You must be logged in to view your sighting details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3  4  5 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Geelkwikkie
Arabic: راعية الخيل الصفراء, صعوة
Asturian: Bruxa Mariella
Azerbaijani: Sarı çaydaçapanı
Belarusian: Жоўтая пліска, Сітаўка жоўтая
Bulgarian: Жълта стърчиопашка
Bengali: পশ্চিমা হলদেখঞ্জন
Breton: Ar gannerez relen penn glas
Catalan: Cuereta groga, Cuereta groga anglesa, Cuereta groga balcànica, Cuereta groga escandinava, Cuereta groga ibèrica, Cuereta groga italiana, Xàtxero groc
Catalan (Balears): Xàtxero groc
Czech: Konipas lucní, Konipas luční, konipas luční/tschutschensis sp., konipas luèní, konipas luění
Welsh: Brith y fuches felen, Siglen felen, Tinsigl felen
Danish: Gul vipstjert
German: Englische Schafstelze, Gelbköpfige Schafstelze, Kuhstelze, Schafstelze
Maldivian: Fenfoah Dhooni
Greek: Κιτρινοσουσουράδα
English: Alaska Yellow Wagtail, Alaska Yellow-Wagtail, Black-headed Wagtail, Blue-headed wagtail, Blue-headed Yellow Wagtail, British Yellow-Wagtail, Dark-headed Wagtail, Gray-headed Wagtail, Green-crowned Wagtail, Grey-headed Wagtail, Kurile Yellow-Wagtail, Siberian Yellow Wagtail, Siberian Yellow-Wagtail, Western or Eastern Yellow Wagtail, Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail, Yellow Wagtail, Yellow-browed Wagtail
English (IOC): Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail
Esperanto: flava motacilo
Spanish: Bisbita acuática, Bisbita Americana, Lavandera Boyera, Lavandera Boyera Balcánica, Lavandera Boyera Escandinava, Lavandera Boyera Inglesa
Spanish (Spain): Lavandera Boyera/de Chukotka
Spanish (HBW): Western/Eastern Yellow Wagtail
Spanish (Honduras): Bisbita acuática
Spanish (Mexico): Bisbita Americana
Estonian: Hänilane, hänilane (lambahänilane), Lambahänilane
Basque: Cuereta groga , Lare-buztanikara, Larre-buztinikara
Finnish: Keltavästäräkki, VäsKeltavästäräkkitäräkki
Faroese: Gulerla
French: Bergeronnette à tête grise, Bergeronnette flavéole, Bergeronnette printanière, Bergeronnette printanière ou B. de Béringie, Bergeronnnette à tête noire
Frisian: Giel Boumantsje, Giele Wipsturt
Irish: Glasóg Bhuí
Gaelic: Breac Buidhe, Breach Buidhe
Galician: Cuereta groga , lavandeira amarela, Lavandeira marela
Manx: Skibbag wuigh
Hebrew: נחליאלי צהוב, נחליאלי צהוב / צהוב מזרחי, נחליאלי צהוה
Croatian: Pliska pastirica, Žuta Pastirica
Hungarian: Sárga billegeto, Sárga billegetõ, Sárga billegető, Sárga billegető/Keleti sárgabillegető
Armenian: [Deghin Khaghttnik ], Դեղին Խաղտտնիկ
Indonesian: Burung Kicuit Kerbau, Entut kerbau, Kicuit kerbau, Kindu-kindu-boné-gunung, นกเด้าลมเหลือง
Icelandic: Gulerla, Gulerla (flava/tschutschensis)
Italian: Cutrettola, Cutrettola comune
Japanese: nishitsumenagasekirei/tsumenagasekirei, tsume-naga sekirei, tsumenagasekirei, Tsumenaga-sekirei, tsumenagasekirei/tsumenagasekirei
Japanese: ツメナガセキレイ, ツメナガセキレイ/ツメナガセキレイ, ニシツメナガセキレイ/ツメナガセキレイ
Japanese (Kanji): 爪長鶺鴒
Georgian: ყვითელი ბოლოქანქალა, ყვითელი ბოლოქანქარა
Khakas: Сарығ ызығас
Kazakh: Сары шақшақай
Kazakh (Transliteration): sarı şaqşaqay
Korean: 긴발톱할미새
Korean (Transliteration): gin-baltop-halmi-sae
Cornish: Stenor melen, Stenor penglas
Scientific: Budytes flava, Budytes flavus, Motacila flava, Motacilla [flava or tschutschensis], Motacilla flava, Motacilla flava flava, Motacilla flava taivana, Motacilla flava/tschutschensis, Motacilla morealis, Motacilla tschutschensis
Luxembourgish: Wisepanewippchen
Lithuanian: Gelsvaskruostė kielė, Geltonoji kiele, Geltonoji kielė, Sin bandkielė
Latvian: Dzeltenā cielava
Macedonian: Жолта тресиопашка
Mongolian: Ногоон цэгцгий, Шар цэгцгий
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠴᠡᠭᠴᠡᠭᠡᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠡᠭᠴᠡᠬᠡᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Шар цэгцхий
Mongolian (Transliteration): nogooŋ tsegtsgii, shar tsegtsgii, shar tsegtskhii
Malay: Burung Kedidi Kuning, Burung Pipit Kuning, Kedidi Kuning
Maltese: Isfar
Dutch: Gele Kwikstaart, Gele Kwikstaart/Oostelijke Gele Kwikstaart
Norwegian: Gulerle, Gulerle = Såerle, gulerle/østgulerle, Nordisk gulerle + Sørlig gulerle + Engelsk gulerle
Polish: pliszka zólta, pliszka żółta, Pliszka żółtawa, Pliszka żółtogłowa, Siwerniak
Pinyin: huáng chànr (zhànr?), huáng dàn-dàn, huáng jílíng, huáng mǎlán-huā
Portuguese: alvéola amarela, Alvéola-amarela
Portuguese (Portugal): Alvéola-amarela/Alvéola-amarela-oriental
Romansh: Ballacua da pastgira
Romanian: Codobatură galbenă
Russian: Zholtaya Tryasoguzka, Желтая трясогузка, Жёлтая трясогузка, плиска, Трясогузка желтая
Sardinian: Madischedda
Scots: Breac buidhe
Northern Sami: Fiskesbeštor
Slovak: Trasochvost žltý
Slovenian: rumena pastirica
Albanian: Bisht lëkundësi verdhë, Bishtatundësi i verdhë
Serbian: žuta pliska, Жута плиска
Swedish: Gulärla, gulärla/östlig gulärla
Swahili: Tikisa Njano
Tamil: கருந்தலை மஞ்சள் வாலாட்டி
Thai: นกเด้าลมเหลือง
Thai (Transliteration): nók dâw-lom lĕuaŋ
Turkish: Sarı kuyruksallayan, sary kuyruksallayan, Сары шақшақай
Tuvinian: Сайлык
Ukrainian: Жовта плиска, Плиска жовта
Vietnamese: Chìa vôi vàng, Chim Chìa vôi vàng
Chinese: [huang jiling], 東方黃鶺鴒, 西黄鹡鸰/黄鹡鸰, 黃鶺鴒, 黄旦旦, 黄颤儿, 黄马兰花, 黄鹡鸰
Chinese (Traditional): 西方/東方黃鶺鴒, 黃顫兒, 黃馬蘭花, 黃鶺鴒, 黄旦旦, 黄顫兒, 黄馬蘭花, 黄鶺鴒
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 黃鶺鴒
Chinese (Taiwan): [huang jiling], 黃鶺鴒, 黄鹡鸰

Avibase has been visited 291,744,455 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy