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African Ostrich

Struthio camelus Linnaeus, 1758

The common ostrich, or simply ostrich, is a species of flightless bird native to certain large areas of Africa and is the largest living bird species. It is one of two extant species of ostriches, the only living members of the genus Struthio in the ratite order of birds. The other is the Somali ostrich, which was recognized as a distinct species by BirdLife International in 2014 having been previously considered a very distinctive subspecies of ostrich. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Struthioniformes
Family:
  Struthionidae
Genus:
   Struthio
Scientific:
  Struthio camelus


Original description

Citation:
  Linnaeus, 1758

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.155

Protonym:
  Struthio Camelus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727062


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  2247CB050A76CF8E

Avibase ID:
  avibase-2247CB05

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/2247CB05


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 174375

Geographic range:

  • Struthio camelus camelus: Sahel of North Africa and the Sudan
  • Struthio camelus syriacus: Formerly Syrian and Arabian deserts. Extinct ca. 1966
  • Struthio camelus massaicus: S Kenya and e Tanzania
  • Struthio camelus australis: Southern Africa
English:
African Ostrich
Catalan:
Estruç comú
Czech:
pštros dvouprstý
Danish:
Masaistruds
German:
Strauß
Spanish:
Avestruz común
Spanish (Spain):
Avestruz Común
Finnish:
strutsi
French:
Autruche d'Afrique
Croatian:
Noj
Hungarian:
strucc
Icelandic:
Strútur
Italian:
Struzzo
Japanese (romaji):
dachou
Japanese:
ダチョウ
Lithuanian:
strutis
Dutch:
Struisvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Slettestruts
Norwegian:
Slettestruts
Polish:
struś czerwonoskóry
Portuguese:
Avestruz
Russian:
Африканский страус
Slovak:
pštros dvojprstý
Serbian:
Noj
Swedish:
struts
Ukrainian:
страус африканський
Chinese:
非洲鸵鸟
Chinese (Traditional):
鴕鳥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
African Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Ostrich (Common) ( Struthio camelus [camelus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Ostrich (Common) ( Struthio camelus [camelus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Ostrich (Common) ( Struthio camelus [camelus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Ostrich (Common) ( Struthio camelus [camelus Group]) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Common Ostrich ( Struthio camelus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Struthio camelus [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Struthio camelus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Struthio [camelus or molybdophanes] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Abkhazian: аСтраус, аФрикатәи аСтраус
Afrikaans: Volstruis
Arabic: النعامة , نعامة شائعة
Asturian: Avestruz
Azerbaijani: Afrika dəvəquşu, Dəvəquşu
Bashkir: Африка дөйәғошо
Belarusian: straŭs, Страус, страўс
Bulgarian: štraus, Африкански щраус, Обикновен щраус, щраус
Bengali: িঈট ঩াচি , িঈট঩াচি
Bengali (transliteration): uṭa pākhi, uṭapākhi
Breton: struskańval, Struskañval
Catalan: estruç, Estruç comú
Montenegrin: noj, noji, ноj, ноjи
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): ноj, ноjи
Czech: pštros, pštros dvouprstý
Chuvash: Африка страусĕ
Welsh: estrys
Danish: Masaistruds, struds
German: Arabischer Strauß, Nordafrikanische Strauß, Strauss
Greek: strouthokamilos, Στρoυθoκάμηλoς, στρουθοκάμηλος
English: African Ostrich, Arabian ostrich, Common Ostrich, North African Ostrich, Ostrich, Ostrich (Common), Sahel Ostrich
English, HBW: Common Ostrich
English (IOC): Common Ostrich
English (Kenya): Common Ostrich
English (United States): Common Ostrich
Esperanto: struto
Spanish: Avestruz, Avestruz común
Spanish (Spain): Avestruz Común
Spanish (HBW): Avestruz común
Estonian: jaanalind
Basque: ostruka
Finnish: Strutsi
Faroese: Strussur, strutsur
French: autruche, Autruche d’Afrique, Autruche d'Afrique, Autruche d'Afrique (camelus)
Friulian: struç, struçs
Frisian: strúsfûgel
Irish: avestruz, ostrais, ostrais Thua-Afracach
Gaelic: Struth
Galician: Avestruz
Manx: eean roie, ostriçh, Ostrish
Hebrew: יען
Croatian: noj
Hungarian: strucc
Icelandic: Strútur
Italian: struzzo, Struzzo comune
Japanese (romaji): dachou
Japanese: ダチョウ
Kara-Kalpak: Африка түйе қусы, түйе қус, түйеқус
Kabardian: махъшэбзу, махъшэджэд
Mongolian, Halh: тэмээн хяруул
Kazakh: Африка түйеқұсы, африкалық страус, африкалық түйеқұс, түйеқұс
Greenlandic: Qatigattuusaq
Karachay-Balkar: деу тауукъ, тюе къуш
Cornish: strus
Kirghiz: Африка төөкушу, төө куш, төөкуш
Scientific: Struthio camelus, Struthio camelus [camelus Group], Struthio camelus camelus
Ladino: struz
Luxembourgish: Strauss
Lithuanian: Afrikinis strutis, strutis
Latvian: Āfrikas strauss, strauss
Macedonian: noj, ноj, Ној
Mongolian: тэмээн хяруул
Maltese: Naghma, nagħma, nagħma komuni, Nama, ngħam, ostriċ
Dutch: Struisvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Slettestruts
Norwegian: Slettestruts, struts
Sotho, Northern: Mpšhe
Occitan: estruci
Polish: struś, strus czerwonoskóry, struś czerwonoskóry, Struś masajski, Struś północnoafrykański
Portuguese: avestruz
Portuguese (Portugal): Avestruz-comum
Romansh: strut
Rhaeto-Romance: Strut
Romanian: astrechi barimatango, strut, struţ
Russian: straus, Африканский Страус, страус
Sardinian: a-bistrussu, istrutzu
Scots: struth
Northern Sami: struhcca
Slovak: pštros, Pštros dvojprstý
Slovenian: Noj
Shona: Mhou
Albanian: Struc, struci
Serbian: Hoj, noj, ноj, Ној
Siswant: Inshi
Sotho, Southern: Mpšhe
Swedish: Masajstruts, Struts
Swahili: Mbuni
Tajik: шутурмурғ, шутурмурғи африкоӣ
Turkmen: devekuşu, düýeguş, ق وشدوی ه
Tswana: Mpshe
Turkish: devekuşu
Tsonga: Yinca
Tatar: Африка тәвә кошы , страус, тәвә, тәвә кош, тәвә кошы, тәвәкош , тәвәкошы
Tuvinian: Африканын страузу, страус страустар страузу, черлик страус
Udmurt: страус
Ukrainian: straus, страус, Страус африканський
Uzbek: Африка туяқуши
Sorbian, Lower: štrus
Sorbian, Upper: štrus
Kalmyk: зогдрт, зогдырты, темән шовун
Xhosa: Inciniba
Chinese: 非洲鸵鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 鴕鳥
Zulu: iNtshe

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