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Common Scoter

Melanitta nigra (Linnaeus, 1758)

The common scoter is a large sea duck, 43–54 cm (17–21 in) in length, which breeds over the far north of Europe and the Palearctic east to the Olenyok River. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek melas, "black", and netta, "duck". The species name is from Latin niger "shining black". The black scoter of North America and eastern Siberia is sometimes considered a subspecies of M. nigra. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
   Melanitta
Scientific:
  Melanitta nigra


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.123

Protonym:
  Anas nigra

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727028


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  246981996A4998ED

Avibase ID:
  avibase-24698199

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/24698199


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175171

Geographic range:

  • Melanitta nigra: N Eurasia; winters w Europe to Mediterranean and Caspian Sea
English:
Common Scoter
Catalan:
Ànec negre comú
Czech:
turpan černý
Danish:
Sortand
German:
Trauerente
Spanish:
Negrón común
Spanish (Spain):
Negrón Común
Finnish:
mustalintu
French:
Macreuse noire
Croatian:
Crna patka
Hungarian:
Feketeréce
Icelandic:
Hrafnsönd
Italian:
Orchetto marino
Japanese (romaji):
yo-roppakurogamo
Japanese:
ヨーロッパクロガモ
Lithuanian:
Juodoji antis
Dutch:
Zwarte Zee-eend
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartand
Norwegian:
Svartand
Polish:
markaczka
Portuguese:
negrola
Russian:
Синьга
Slovak:
turpan čierny
Serbian:
crni turpan
Swedish:
sjöorre
Ukrainian:
Синьга
Chinese:
普通海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional):
黑海番鴨〔普通海番鴨〕


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 23rd suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 24th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 25th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 26th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 27th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 28th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 29th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 30th suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 4th edition (incl. 31st suppl.):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (1957):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 32nd suppl.):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Union 5th edition (incl. 33rd suppl.):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 58th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 59th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 60th suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 61st suppl. and addendum):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
American Ornithologists' Society 7th edition (incl. 62nd suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Macreuse noire ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Macreuse noire ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Scoter (Eurasian) ( Melanitta nigra nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Oidemia nigra nigra [version 1]
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Common Scoter ( Melanitta nigra) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta nigra nigra [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Melanitta nigra [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Melanitta [nigra or americana] (sensu lato) by some authors

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Asturian: Coríu Moru, Coríu Prietu, Zapateru común
Azerbaijani: Qara qılquyruq, singə qılquyruğu, Sinqə, Sinqə qılquyruq
Belarusian: Нырок-сiньга, Нырок-сіньга
Bulgarian: Траурна потапница
Breton: An duanenn boutin, Duanenn voutin
Catalan: Ànec negre, Ànec negre comú, Ànnera negra, Morell de mar negre
Catalan (Balears): Ànnera negra
Valencian: Morell de mar negre
Montenegrin: crna turpan, црни турпан
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): црни турпан
Czech: dř. kachna černá, Kachna černá, Turpan cerný, Turpan černý
Chuvash: синьга, хура кăвакал
Welsh: For hwyad ddu, Hwyaden ddu, Môr-hwyaden America, Môr-hwyaden ddu
Danish: Sortand
German: Amerikanische Trauerente, Pazifische Trauerente, Trauerente
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκή) Μαυρόπαπια, Μαυρόπαπια
Greek (Cypriot): Μαυρόπαπια
English: Black Scoter, Black Scoter (Eurasian), Common Scoter, European Common Scoter
English, HBW: Common Scoter
English (IOC): Common Scoter
English (United States): Common Scoter
Esperanto: Nigra maranaso
Spanish: Negrón Común
Spanish (Spain): Negrón Común
Spanish (HBW): Negrón común
Spanish (Mexico): Negreta Común, negreta negra
Estonian: Mustvaeras
Basque: Ahatebeltz, Ahatebeltz arrunt, Ahatebeltz arrunta, Ànec negre
Evenki: дэпэлгун, ко̄ӈа̄ла̄н, лэгэгды
Persian: اسکوتر سیاه , اسکوتر سیاه (اردک سیاه), سیاه ‌اردک معمولی, سیاه‌اردک معمولی
Finnish: Mustalintu
Faroese: Kolont
French: Macreuse à bec jaune, Macreuse noire
French (Canada): Macreuse noire d'Eurasie
Frisian: Swarte see-ein
Irish: Scótar, scótar dubh
Gaelic: Lach Bheag Dhubh, Tunnag Dhubh
Galician: Ànec negre, Mourelo común, Pentumeiro, Pentumeiro común
Manx: Thunnag ghob chrottagh, Thunnag ghob-chrottagh
Hebrew: קטיפנית שחורה
Croatian: Crna patka
Hungarian: Fekete réce, Feketeréce
Armenian: Սև տուրպան
Icelandic: Hrafnsönd
Italian: Orchetto marino
Japanese (romaji): Kuro-gamo, Kuro-tori, yo-roppakurogamo
Japanese: クロガモ, クロトリ, ヨーロッパクロガモ
Georgian: ჩვეულებრივი გარიელა
Kazakh: Қара тұрпан, көктыран
Korean: 검둥오리
Karachay-Balkar: тенгиз бабуш
North Karelian: muštašorša
Cornish: Mor-hos du
Kirghiz: кара турпан
Scientific: Anas nigra, Melanitta nigra, Melanitta nigra nigra, Oedemia nigra, Oidemia nigra nigra
Luxembourgish: Schwaarz Mierint
Lithuanian: Juodoji antis
Latvian: Jūras teteris, Melnā pīle, Melnā tumšpīle
Macedonian: Обична црнка
Maltese: Borka Sewda, papra bellusija
Dutch: Zwarte Zee-Eend, Zwarte zeeëend, Zwarte Zeeend, Zwarte Zeeüend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartand
Norwegian: Svartand
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): muzavanharmaisorzu, telkät, telkku, telkky, tölkky
Polish: markaczka, markaczka (zwyczajna), Markaczka amerykańska, markaczka zwyczajna
Portuguese: Negrola, pato negro, Pato-negro, Pato-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): Negrola-comum
Romansh: anda naira
Rhaeto-Romance: Anda naira
Romanian: Rață neagră, Rață negricioasă, Raţă neagră
Russian: Cиньга, Синьга, Синьга обыкновенная, Синьга турпан, черный турпан
Yakut: буор атах, буор атах анды, лаама андыта, Лаамы андыта, чуубурҕас анды
Scots: Lach bheag dhub
Northern Sami: Njurggu, Njurgu
Slovak: Turpan čierny
Slovenian: crna raca, črna raca
Albanian: Rosa e zezë
Serbian: Crna plovka, crni turpan, turpan, Турпан, Црна пловка
Swedish: Sjöorre
Turkmen: gögümtil ördek
Turkish: Kara ördek
Tatar: урман-тундра күлләре чумгалагы
Udmurt: сьӧд сюлы
Ukrainian: Синьга , Синьга євразійська
Chinese: [hei hai-fan-ya], 普通海番鸭, 黑海帆鸭, 黑海番鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 黑海番鴨, 黑海番鴨〔普通海番鴨〕

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