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White Stork

Ciconia ciconia (Linnaeus, 1758)

The White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) is a large bird in the stork family Ciconiidae. Its plumage is mainly white, with black on its wings. Adults have long red legs and long pointed red beaks, and measure on average 100–115 cm (39–45 in) from beak tip to end of tail, with a 155–215 cm (61–85 in) wingspan. The two subspecies, which differ slightly in size, breed in Europe (north to Finland), northwestern Africa, southwestern Asia (east to southern Kazakhstan) and southern Africa. The White Stork is a long-distance migrant, wintering in Africa from tropical Sub-Saharan Africa to as far south as South Africa, or on the Indian subcontinent. When migrating between Europe and Africa, it avoids crossing the Mediterranean Sea and detours via the Levant in the east or the Strait of Gibraltar in the west, because the air thermals on which it depends do not form over water. Source: Wikipedia




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Order:
  Pelecaniformes
Family:
  Ciconiidae
Genus:
  Ciconia

Scientific:
  Ciconia ciconia

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.142

Protonym:
  Ardea Ciconia

Avibase ID:
  28825494A08AFE5A

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/28825494

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 174907

Geographic range:

  • Ciconia ciconia ciconia: W Palearctic and w Asia: winters to tropical and South Africa
  • Ciconia ciconia asiatica: Turkestan; winters to Iran and India
English:
White Stork
Czech:
čáp bílý
German:
Weißstorch
Danish:
Hvid Stork
Spanish:
Cigüeña Blanca
Finnish:
kattohaikara
French:
Cigogne blanche
Icelandic:
Hvítstorkur
Italian:
Cicogna bianca
Japanese:
shubashikou
Japanese:
シュバシコウ
Dutch:
Ooievaar
Norwegian:
Stork
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Stork
Polish:
bocian biały
Portuguese:
Cegonha-branca
Russian:
Белый аист
Slovak:
bocian biely
Swedish:
vit stork
Ukrainian:
Лелека білий
Chinese:
白鹳


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia)
British Ornithologists' Union Checklist (7th edition, incl. Jan 2009 suppl.):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Cigogne blanche ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Cigogne blanche ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
European White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Oriental Bird Club:
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe 2nd edition (1996):
White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ciconia ciconia [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Ciconia ciconia [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Ciconia [ciconia or boyciana] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

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Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Witooievaar
Arabic: اللقلق, اللقلق الأبيض
Asturian: Cigoña, Cigoña Cande
Azerbaijani: Ağ leylək, Hacıleylək
Belarusian: Белы бусел, Бусел белы
Bulgarian: Бял щъркел
Bengali: ধলা মানিকজোড়
Breton: Ar c'hwibon gwenn
Catalan: Cigonya, Cigonya blanca
Catalan (Balears): Cigonya
Montenegrin: bijela roda
Czech: Cáp bílý, Čáp bílý, èáp bílý
Welsh: Ciconia gwyn
Danish: Hvid Stork, Stork
German: Weißstorch
Greek: Ασπροπελαργός, Λευκός Πελαργός, Πελαργός
Greek (Cypriot): Ασπροπελαργός
English: European White Stork, White Stork
English (IOC): White Stork
English (Kenya): White Stork
Esperanto: Blanka cikonio
Spanish: Cigúeña blanca, Cigüeña Blanca, Cigueña común, Ciguëña común, Cigüeña Común, Giguëña común
Spanish (Spain): Cigüeña Blanca
Spanish (HBW): Cigüeña blanca
Estonian: Valge-toonekurg
Basque: Amiamoko zuria, Cigonya blanca
Persian: لک‌لک سفید , لک‌لک سفید (حاجی لک‌لک)
Finnish: Kattohaikara
Faroese: Storkur
French: Cigogne blanche
Irish: Storc Bán
Gaelic: Corra Bhàn
Galician: Cegoña branca, Cigonya blanca
Hebrew: חסידה לבנה
Croatian: Bijela roda
Hungarian: Fehér gólya
Armenian: [Spitak Aragil ], Սպիտակ Արագիլ
Icelandic: Hvítstorkur
Italian: Cicogna bianca
Japanese: Konotori, kounotori, shu-bashi kō, shubashikou
Japanese: コウノトリ, シュバシコウ
Japanese (Kanji): 朱嘴鸛
Georgian: თეთრი ყარყატი, ლაკლაკი
Kazakh: Ақ дегелек, Ақ ләйлік
Korean: 황새
Cornish: Hwibon wynn, Whybon wyn
Kwangali: Nkumbinkumbi
Scientific: Ardea Ciconia, Ciconia ciconia, Ciconia ciconia ciconia
Luxembourgish: Wäisse Storch , Wäisse Stuerk
Lithuanian: Baltasis gandras
Latvian: Baltais stārķis
Macedonian: Бел штрк, штрк
Malayalam: വെണ്‍ബകം
Moldavian: Barză albă, Cocostârc alb
Malay: Burung Botak Putih
Maltese: Cikonja Bajda, Ċikonja Bajda
Dutch: Gewone Ooievaar, Ooievaar
Norwegian Nynorsk: Stork
Norwegian: Stork
Sotho, Northern: Leakaboswana le Lešweu
Polish: bocian bialy, Bocian biały
Pinyin: bái guàn
Portuguese: cegonha branca, Cegonha-branca
Portuguese (Portugal): Cegonha-branca
Romansh: Cicogna alva
Romanian: Barză albă
Russian: Bely Aist, Аист белый, Белый аист
Sindhi: څټڅټ ٴٕى ي )كبعي څټڅټ(
Northern Sami: Vilgesháigir
Slovak: Bocian biely
Slovenian: bela štorklja
Albanian: Lejleku, Lejleku i bardhe
Serbian: Bela roda, bijela roda, Бела рода
Sotho, Southern: Mokoroane
Swedish: Vit stork
Swahili: Korongo Mweupe
Tamil: Sengaal Narai
Thai: นกกระสาขาว
Thai (Transliteration): nók krà-săa kʰăaw
Tswana: Lekôlôlwane
Turkish: Beyaz Leylek, Leylek
Tsonga: Gumba
Ukrainian: Білий лелека, Лелека білий
Vietnamese: Hạc trắng
Xhosa: Ingwamza
Chinese: 白 鹳, 白鹳
Chinese (Traditional): 白鸛
Zulu: uNogolantethe

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