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Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle

Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus] (= Nisaetus cirrhatus) (Gmelin, JF, 1788)

The changeable hawk-eagle or crested hawk-eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus) is a large bird of prey species of the family Accipitridae. More informal or antiquated English common names include the marsh hawk-eagle or Indian crested hawk-eagle. It is a member of the subfamily Aquilinae, with signature feathers, absent in tropical raptors from outside this subfamily, covering the tarsus. It was formerly placed in the genus Spizaetus, but studies pointed to the group being paraphyletic resulting in the Old World members being placed in Nisaetus and separated from the New World species. It is a typical “hawk-eagle” in that it is an agile forest-dwelling predator and like many such eagles readily varies its prey selection between birds, mammals or reptiles as well as other vertebrates. Among the members of its genus, the changeable hawk-eagle stands out as the most widely distributed, adaptable and abundant species. Birds show a wide range of variation in plumage from pale to dark, varying with moult and age giving rise to the name "changeable". Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Accipitriformes
Family:
  Accipitridae
Genus:
   Nisaetus
Scientific:
  Nisaetus cirrhatus


Original description

Citation:
  (Gmelin, JF, 1788)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat. p.274

Protonym:
  Falco cirrhatus

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2896874


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  2C0FA6E3E4B0795E

Avibase ID:
  avibase-2C0FA6E3

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/2C0FA6E3


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 824093

Geographic range:

  • Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus: Peninsular India
  • Nisaetus cirrhatus ceylanensis: Sri Lanka
  • Nisaetus cirrhatus andamanensis: Andaman Islands
  • Nisaetus limnaeetus limnaeetus: N India to Indochina, Malaya, Greater Sundas and Philippines
  • Nisaetus limnaeetus vanheurni: Simeulue I. (off w Sumatra)
  • Show more...
English:
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle
Spanish:
Águila Variable/Águila-Azor Variable
Spanish (Spain):
Águila variable/Águila-azor variable
French:
Aigle huppé ou A. variable
Japanese (romaji):
kawarikumataka/indokumataka
Japanese:
カワリクマタカ/インドクマタカ
Dutch:
Kuifloze Kuifarend/Indische Kuifarend
Norwegian:
vekselskogørn/indiaskogørn
Serbian:
Raznobojni/ćubasti jastrebasti orao


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus])
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Aigle huppé ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Spizaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus limnaeetus/cirrhatus)
eBird version 2016:
Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus limnaeetus/cirrhatus)
eBird version 2017:
Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus limnaeetus/cirrhatus)
eBird version 2018:
Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus limnaeetus/cirrhatus)
eBird version 2019:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 2]
eBird version 2021:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 2]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Changeable Hawk-eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Crested Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Changeable Hawk-Eagle ( Nisaetus cirrhatus) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Nisaetus cirrhatus [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: species group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Nisaetus [cirrhatus, limnaeetus or floris]

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


Bengali: ঝুটিয়াল শিকরেঈগল
Catalan: Àguila astor de l'Índia, Àguila variable
Czech: Orel promenlivý, orel proměnlivý
Danish: Lysbuget Høgeørn
German: Haubenadler, Indienhaubenadler
English: Changeable Hawk Eagle, Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle, Crested Hawk Eagle, Crested Hawk-eagle, Crested or Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Flores Hawk Eagle, Marsh Hawk-Eagle
English, HBW: Changeable Hawk-eagle
English (IOC): Changeable Hawk-Eagle
English (Philippines): Changeable Hawk-Eagle, Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle
English (United States): Changeable Hawk-Eagle
Spanish: Águila Azor Variable, Águila variable, Águila Variable/Águila-Azor Variable, Aguila-azor Variable, Águila-azor Variable
Spanish (Spain): Águila variable, Águila Variable/Águila-azor Variable
Spanish (HBW): Changeable/Crested Hawk-Eagle
Estonian: välu-tuttkotkas
Finnish: Jalokotka
French: Aigle huppé, Aigle huppé ou A. variable, Aigle variable ou A. huppé, Spizaète huppé, Spizaète variable
Croatian: pjegavoglavi orao
Hungarian: főkötős vitézsas
Indonesian: Burung Elang Brontok, Elang brontok
Icelandic: Kambörn
Italian: Aquilastore variabile, Spizaeto variabile
Japanese (romaji): kawari kuma-taka, kawarikumataka, kawarikumataka/indokumataka
Japanese: インドクマタカ, カワリクマタカ, カワリクマタカ/インドクマタカ
Japanese (Kanji): 変り熊鷹
Scientific: Falco cirrhatus, Falco Limnaeetus, Limnaetus limnaëtus floris, Nisaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus], Nisaetus cirrhatus, Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus, Nisaetus floris, Nisaetus limnaeetus, Nisaetus limnaeetus limnaeetus, Nisaetus limnaeetus/cirrhatus, Spizaetus [cirrhatus or limnaeetus], Spizaetus cirrhatus, Spizaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus, Spizaetus floris
Lithuanian: Kuoduotasis peslinis erelis
Malayalam: കിന്നരിപ്പരുന്ത്, കിന്നരിപ്പരുന്ത്‌  
Marathi: मोरघार
Malay: Burung Helang Hindik, Burung Lang Hindek, Burung Lang Hindik, Helang Hindek
Nepali: शदलचील
Dutch: Indische Kuifarend, Kuifloze Kuifarend/Indische Kuifarend
Norwegian: Indiaskogørn, Vekselskogørn, vekselskogørn/indiaskogørn
Polish: wojownik indyjski, Wojownik malajski
Pinyin: fèng-tóu yīng-diāo
Portuguese: Gavião-variável
Portuguese (Portugal): águia-gavião-variável
Russian: Изменчивый Орел, Изменчивый орёл, Изменчивый хохлатый орёл
Sinhalese (Transliteration): Perali Kondakussa
Slovak: orlovec viactvarý, orol viactvarý
Serbian: Raznobojni/ćubasti jastrebasti orao
Swedish: Indisk tofsörn, orientörn, variabel hökörn
Tamil: Kudumi Parundhu
Thai: เหยี่ยวต่างสี
Thai (Transliteration): yìaw tàaŋ-sĭi
Turkish: Değişken atmaca kartalı
Ukrainian: Орел-чубань індійський
Vietnamese: Chim Diều đầu nâu, Chim Diều hoa, Diều đầu nâu
Chinese: 凤头鹰, 凤头鹰雕
Chinese (Traditional): 冠鷹鵰, 鳳頭鷹鵰

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