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Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus]

Ceyx erithaca [erithaca or macrocarus] (= Ceyx erithaca erithaca) (Linnaeus, 1758)

The oriental dwarf kingfisher, also known as the black-backed kingfisher or three-toed kingfisher, is a pocket-sized bird in the family Alcedinidae. This tropical kingfisher is a partial migrant that is endemic across much of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It resides in lowland forests, typically near streams or ponds, where it feeds upon insects, spiders, worms, crabs, fish, frogs, and lizards. This small bird is easily distinguishable from other birds in its range due to its red bill, yellow-orange underparts, lilac-rufous upperparts, and blue-black back. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Coraciiformes
Family:
  Alcedinidae
Genus:
   Ceyx
Scientific:
  Ceyx erithaca erithaca


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.115

Protonym:
  Alcedo erithaca

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727020


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  2D66E27C1481964A

Avibase ID:
  avibase-2D66E27C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/2D66E27C


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 692944

Geographic range:

  • Ceyx erithaca erithaca: resident in southwestern India and Sri Lanka; breeds from Bhutan and northeastern India to southeastern China, Indochina, and the northern Thai-Malay Peninsula (south to the Isthmus of Kra), this population partially migratory, wintering to the southern Thai-Malay Peninsula and Sumatra
  • Ceyx erithaca macrocarus: southern Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands
English:
Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus]
French:
Martin-pêcheur pourpré [erithaca ou macrocarus]


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus] ( Ceyx erithaca [erithaca or macrocarus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus] ( Ceyx erithaca [erithaca or macrocarus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus] ( Ceyx erithaca [erithaca or macrocarus])
Clements, version 2021:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 3]
Clements, version 2018:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 3]
Clements, version 2019:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 3]
eBird version 2018:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 3]
eBird version 2019:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 3]
eBird version 2021:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 3]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: subspecies group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Ceyx erithaca

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms


German: Dschungelzwergfischer
English: Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher, Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus]
English (Bangladesh): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher (Oriental Dwarf-Kingfisher)
English, HBW: Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher (Black-backed)
English (India): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher (Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher)
English (IOC): Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher (Black-backed)
English (United States): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher
Esperanto: Nigradorsa alciono
Spanish: Martín Pigmeo Dorsinegro, Martín Pigmeo Oriental
Spanish (Spain): Martín pigmeo dorsinegro, Martín pigmeo oriental (erithaca)
Spanish (HBW): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher
French: Martin-pêcheur pourpré, Martin-pêcheur pourpré (erithaca), Martin-pêcheur pourpré [erithaca ou macrocarus]
Indonesian: Udang Api
Japanese: ミツユビカワセミ
Scientific: Alcedo erithaca, Ceyx erithaca, Ceyx erithaca [erithaca or macrocarus], Ceyx erithaca erithaca
Malayalam: മേനിപ്പൊന്മാൻ
Dutch: Jungledwergijsvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Orientisfugl
Norwegian: orientisfugl
Polish: zimorodek orientalny
Portuguese (Portugal): guarda-rios-pigmeu-oriental
Russian: Трёхпалый зимородок
Slovak: rybárik džungľový
Serbian: Crnoleđi patuljasti vodomar
Swedish: orientkungsfiskare
Thai: นกกระเต็นน้อยสามนิ้วหลังดำ, นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้วหลังดำ
Turkish: Erguvani küçük yalıçapkını
Chinese: 三趾翠鳥, 三趾翠鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 三趾翠鸟, 黑背三趾翠鳥

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