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Black-backed Kingfisher

Ceyx erithaca (= Ceyx erithaca erithaca) (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The oriental dwarf kingfisher, also known as the black-backed kingfisher or three-toed kingfisher, is a pocket-sized bird in the family Alcedinidae. This tropical kingfisher is a partial migrant that is endemic across much of the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It resides in lowland forests, typically near streams or ponds, where it feeds upon insects, spiders, worms, crabs, fish, frogs, and lizards. This small bird is easily distinguishable from other birds in its range due to its red bill, yellow-orange underparts, lilac-rufous upperparts, and blue-black back. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Coraciiformes
Family:
  Alcedinidae
Genus:
   Ceyx
Scientific:
  Ceyx erithaca erithaca


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.115

Protonym:
  Alcedo erithaca

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727020


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  2D66E27C1481964A

Avibase ID:
  avibase-2D66E27C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/2D66E27C


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 692714

Geographic range:

  • Ceyx erithaca erithaca: resident in southwestern India and Sri Lanka; breeds from Bhutan and northeastern India to southeastern China, Indochina, and the northern Thai-Malay Peninsula (south to the Isthmus of Kra), this population partially migratory, wintering to the southern Thai-Malay Peninsula and Sumatra
  • Ceyx erithaca macrocarus: southern Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands
English:
Black-backed Kingfisher
German:
Dschungelzwergfischer
Spanish:
Martín Pigmeo Dorsinegro
Spanish (Spain):
Martín pigmeo dorsinegro
French:
Martin-pêcheur pourpré
Japanese:
ミツユビカワセミ
Dutch:
Jungledwergijsvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Orientisfugl
Norwegian:
orientisfugl
Polish:
zimorodek orientalny
Russian:
Трёхпалый зимородок
Slovak:
rybárik džungľový
Serbian:
Crnoleđi patuljasti vodomar
Swedish:
orientkungsfiskare
Chinese:
三趾翠鸟
Chinese (Traditional):
黑背三趾翠鳥


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black-backed Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus] ( Ceyx erithaca [erithaca or macrocarus])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus] ( Ceyx erithaca [erithaca or macrocarus])
Clements, version 2021:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Black-backed Dwarf Kingfisher ( Ceyx erithaca) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species (sometimes nominal subspecies)

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Ceyx [erithaca or rufidorsa] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Alternative arrangements:  1  2  3 

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


German: Dschungelzwergfischer
English: Black-backed Dwarf Kingfisher, Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher, Black-backed Kingfisher, Black-backed Kingfisher [erithaca or macrocarus]
English (Bangladesh): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher (Oriental Dwarf-Kingfisher)
English, HBW: Oriental Dwarf-kingfisher (Black-backed)
English (India): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher (Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher)
English (IOC): Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher (Black-backed)
English (United States): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher
Esperanto: Nigradorsa alciono
Spanish: Martín Pigmeo Dorsinegro, Martín Pigmeo Oriental
Spanish (Spain): Martín pigmeo dorsinegro, Martín pigmeo oriental (erithaca)
Spanish (HBW): Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher
French: Martin-pêcheur pourpré, Martin-pêcheur pourpré (erithaca), Martin-pêcheur pourpré [erithaca ou macrocarus]
Indonesian: Udang Api
Japanese: ミツユビカワセミ
Scientific: Alcedo erithaca, Alcedo tridactyla, Ceyx erithaca, Ceyx erithaca [erithaca or macrocarus], Ceyx erithaca erithaca
Malayalam: മേനിപ്പൊന്മാൻ
Dutch: Jungledwergijsvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Orientisfugl
Norwegian: orientisfugl
Polish: zimorodek orientalny
Portuguese (Portugal): guarda-rios-pigmeu-oriental
Russian: Трёхпалый зимородок
Slovak: rybárik džungľový
Serbian: Crnoleđi patuljasti vodomar
Swedish: orientkungsfiskare
Thai: นกกระเต็นน้อยสามนิ้วหลังดำ, นกกะเต็นน้อยสามนิ้วหลังดำ
Turkish: Erguvani küçük yalıçapkını
Chinese: 三趾翠鳥, 三趾翠鸟
Chinese (Traditional): 三趾翠鸟, 黑背三趾翠鳥

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