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White-headed Duck

Oxyura leucocephala (Scopoli, 1769)

The white-headed duck is a small diving duck some 45 cm (18 in) long. The male has a white head with black crown, a blue bill, and reddish-grey plumage. The female has a dark bill and rather duller colouring. Its breeding habitat is lakes with open water and dense vegetation at the margin. It dives under water and feeds on aquatic vegetation as well as some animal matter. It is more likely to swim away from a perceived threat than to fly. This duck is known from Spain, North Africa, Western Asia and Central Asia. Populations are declining, mostly due to loss of habitat and pollution, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated the bird's status as "endangered". Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Anseriformes
Family:
  Anatidae
Genus:
   Oxyura
Scientific:
  Oxyura leucocephala


Original description

Citation:
  (Scopoli, 1769)

Reference:
  AnnusIHist.-Nat. p.65

Protonym:
  Anas leucocephala

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31117654


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  2E40EF2C53646E30

Avibase ID:
  avibase-2E40EF2C

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/2E40EF2C


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 175179


ENDANGERED

Geographic range:

  • Oxyura leucocephala: Patchily distributed Mediterranean basin to central Asia
English:
White-headed Duck
Catalan:
Malvasia capblanca
Czech:
kachnice bělohlavá
Danish:
Hvidhovedet Skarveand
German:
Weißkopf-Ruderente
Spanish:
Malvasía Cabeciblanca
Spanish (Spain):
Malvasía Cabeciblanca
Finnish:
valkopääsorsa
French:
Érismature à tête blanche
Croatian:
Zakora
Hungarian:
kékcsőrű réce
Icelandic:
Eirönd
Italian:
Gobbo rugginoso
Japanese (romaji):
kaojirootategamo
Japanese:
カオジロオタテガモ
Lithuanian:
Baltagalvė stačiauodegė antis
Dutch:
Witkopeend
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Kvithovudand
Norwegian:
Hvithodeand
Polish:
sterniczka
Portuguese:
pato-rabo-alçado
Russian:
Савка
Slovak:
potápnica bielohlavá
Serbian:
Beloglava plavokljuna patka
Swedish:
kopparand
Ukrainian:
Савка
Chinese:
白头硬尾鸭
Chinese (Traditional):
白頭硬尾鴨


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 00:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 01:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 02:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 03:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 04:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Érismature à tête blanche ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Érismature à tête blanche ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 1st edition:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements, version 2021:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 3rd edition:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 4th edition:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 5th edition (as published):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements, version 2015:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements, version 2016:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements, version 2017:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements, version 2018:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Clements, version 2019:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 1.50:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 1.52:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 1.53:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 1.54:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 1.55:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 2015:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 2016:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 2017:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 2018:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 2019:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
eBird version 2021:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Oriental Bird Club:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Peters' Check-list of the Birds:
Oxyura leucocephala
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (original):
Oxyura leucocephala
Peters' Check-list of the Birds (2nd edition):
Oxyura leucocephala
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
White-headed Duck ( Oxyura leucocephala)
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Oxyura leucocephala
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Oxyura leucocephala

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

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Related taxa

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Other related concepts

Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Witkopeend
Arabic: بط ابيض الراس, بط ابيض الوجه
Asturian: Balbasía tiestablanca
Azerbaijani: adi göydimdik, Göydimdik, Göydimdik ördək
Bashkir: аҡбаш өйрәк, күк томшоҡ, күктомшоҡ , сыбар өйрәк
Belarusian: Савка, Саўка
Bulgarian: Тръноопашата потапница
Bengali: িামটামরজী ঴াুঁ঳
Bengali (transliteration): khāṭōlējī hām̐sa
Breton: Piklost penn gwenn
Catalan: Anec capblanc, Ànec capblanc, Ànnera capblanca, Malvasia capblanca
Catalan (Balears): Ànnera capblanca
Valencian: Anec capblanc
Montenegrin: bjeloglava patka, бјелоглава патка
Montenegrin (Cyrillic): бјелоглава патка
Czech: dř. kachna bělohlavá, Kachna bělohlavá, Kachnice belohlavá, Kachnice bělohlavá, kachnice bìlohlavá
Chuvash: савка, савкасем, савки
Welsh: Hwyaden benwen
Danish: Hvidhovedet And, Hvidhovedet Skarveand
German: Ruderente, Weisskopfruderente, Weißkopf-Ruderente
Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκό) Κεφαλούδι, Κεφαλoύδι, Κεφαλόπαπια, Κεφαλούδι
Greek (Cypriot): Κεφαλόπαπια
English: White-headed Duck, White-headed stifftail, White-headed Stiff-tail, White-headed Stiff-tailed Duck
English, HBW: White-headed Duck
English (IOC): White-headed Duck
English (United States): White-headed Duck
Esperanto: Blankakapa anaso, Blankkapa anaso, Blankkapa klapvostanaso
Spanish: Malvasía, Malvasía Cabeciblanca, Pato de cabeza blanca, Pato Malvasia de Cabeza Blanca
Spanish (Spain): Malvasía Cabeciblanca
Spanish (HBW): Malvasía cabeciblanca
Estonian: stepi-händpart
Basque: Ahate buruzuri, Ahate buruzuria, Ànec capblanc
Persian: اردک سرسفید
Finnish: valkopääsorsa, Viuhkasorsa
Faroese: Høvuðhvít skarvsont
French: Érismature, Erismature à tête blanche, Érismature à tête blanche, Ersimature
Frisian: Wytkopein
Irish: Lacha ceannbhán
Galician: Ànec capblanc, Malvasía, Raboalzado, Raboalzado de cabeza branca
Manx: Thunnag chione-bane
Hebrew: צח־ראש לבן, צחראש לבן, צח-ראש לבן
Croatian: Čakora, Èakora, Patka kršuljica, Zakora
Hungarian: Kékcsõrû réce, Kékcsõrű réce, Kékcsőrű réce
Armenian: [Spitakaglukh Bud ], Սպիտակագլուխ Բադ
Icelandic: Eirönd
Italian: Gobbo rugginoso
Japanese (romaji): Kao-jiro o-tate gamo, kaojirootategamo
Japanese: カオジロオタテガモ
Japanese (Kanji): 顔白尾竪鴨
Georgian: თეთრთავა იხვი
Kara-Kalpak: балықшы үйрек
Mongolian, Halh: модны анхир
Kazakh: ақ бас үйрек, ақ басты үйрек, Ақбас үйрек
Kazakh (Transliteration): aq-bas üyrek
Karachay-Balkar: суу бабуш
North Karelian: valkiepiäšorša
Kirghiz: aк бaштуу өрдөк, aк баш өрдөк, чор тумшук, чортумшук
Scientific: Anas leucocephala, Erismatura leucocephala, Oxyura leucocephala
Lithuanian: Baltagalvė stačiauodegė, Baltagalvė stačiauodegė antis, Baltauodege staciauodege antis
Latvian: baltgalvas zilknābis
Macedonian: белоглава патка, Синоклунеста патка
Mongolian: модны анхир, модон нугас, Цагаантолгой ямаансүүлт, Ямаан сүүлт, Ямаан сүүлт нугас
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢ ᠢᠮᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠬᠦᠯᠲᠣ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠢᠮᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠬᠦᠯᠲᠣ
Mongolian (Transliteration): tsag aaŋ-tolgoi yamaaŋ-süült, yamaaŋ süült
Moldavian: Rață cu cap alb
Maltese: borka ta' rasha bajda, Brajmla Rasha Bajda, papra rasha bajda, papra ta' rasha bajda
Mongolian, Chakhar (Peripheral): модон нугас
Dutch: Witkopeend
Norwegian Nynorsk: Kvithovudand
Norwegian: Hvithodeand
Livvi (Olonets Karelian): kuhmujoučen, šihujoučen
Polish: sterniczka, sterniczka (zwyczajna), Sterniczka białogłowa, Sterniczka zwyczajna
Pinyin: bái-tóu yìng wěi yā
Portuguese: pato rabo alçado, Pato-de-rabo-alçado, Pato-rabo-alçado
Portuguese (Portugal): pato-de-rabo-alçado, Pato-rabo-alçado
Romansh: Anda dal chau alv, anda sprezia dal chau alv
Rhaeto-Romance: Anda sprezia dal chau alv
Romanian: Rață cu cap alb, Raţă cu cap alb
Russian: Savka, Белоголовая савка, Савка, Савка белоголовая
Northern Sami: Gahperfiehta
Slovak: Kačuľa bielohlavá, potápnica bielohlavá
Slovenian: beloglava trdorepka, beloglavka, Evropska beloglavka, palcja raca
Albanian: Rosa kokëbardhë
Serbian: Beloglava (plavokljuna) patka, Beloglava patka, Beloglava plavokljuna patka, bjeloglava plovka, Plavokljuna patka, Белоглава (Плавоклјуна) патка, Белоглава пловка, Плаокљуна патка
Swedish: Kopparand
Tajik: ӯрдаки сарсафед
Turkmen: gorçy, körje
Turkish: Akbaşlı Ördek, Dikkuyruk, Dik-kuyruk Ördek, Ақбас үйрек
Tatar: ак башлы савка , акбаш
Tuvinian: Ак баштыг шымнырак
Ukrainian: Савка, Савка білоголова
Uzbek: оқ сочли савка, оқбош ўрдак
Kalmyk: савк
Chinese: [bai-tou ying wei ya], 白头硬尾鸭
Chinese (Traditional): 白頭硬尾鴨

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