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Northern House-Martin [Northern]

Delichon urbicum [urbicum or meridionale] (= Delichon urbicum urbicum) (Linnaeus, 1758)

The common house martin, sometimes called the northern house martin or, particularly in Europe, just house martin, is a migratory passerine bird of the swallow family which breeds in Europe, north Africa and across the Palearctic; and winters in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical Asia. It feeds on insects which are caught in flight, and it migrates to climates where flying insects are plentiful. It has a blue head and upperparts, white rump and pure white underparts, and is found in both open country and near human habitation. It is similar in appearance to the two other martin species of the genus Delichon, which are both endemic to eastern and southern Asia. It has two accepted subspecies. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Passeriformes
Family:
  Hirundinidae
Genus:
   Delichon
Scientific:
  Delichon urbicum urbicum


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference:
  Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.192

Protonym:
  Hirundo urbica

Link:
  http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.542


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  30FEC6BE132E1224

Avibase ID:
  avibase-30FEC6BE

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/30FEC6BE


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 726125

Geographic range:

  • Delichon urbicum urbicum: Europe to c Asia, w and se Africa
  • Delichon urbicum meridionale: Mediterranean basin to North Africa, Iran and n India
English:
Northern House-Martin [Northern]
Catalan:
Oreneta cuablanca comuna (urbicum/meridionale)
Czech:
jiřička obecná (ssp. urbicum/meridionale)
Danish:
Bysvale, Vestlig (ssp. urbicum/meridionale)
German:
Mehlschwalbe (urbicum/meridionale)
Spanish:
Avión Común (urbicum/meridionale)
Spanish (Spain):
Avión común (urbicum/meridionale)
Finnish:
räystäspääsky (urbicum/meridionale)
French:
Hirondelle de fenêtre [urbicum ou meridionale]
Icelandic:
Bæjasvala (urbicum/meridionale)
Italian:
Balestruccio (urbicum/meridionale)
Japanese (romaji):
nishiiwatsubame (urbicum/meridionale)
Japanese:
ニシイワツバメ(urbicum/meridionale)
Lithuanian:
Langinė kregždė (urbicum/meridionale)
Norwegian:
taksvale (urbicum/meridionale)
Polish:
oknówka (urbicum/meridionale)
Russian:
Воронок (urbicum/meridionale)
Slovak:
belorítka obyčajná (skup.)
Serbian:
Gradska lasta (urbicum/meridionale)
Swedish:
hussvala (urbicum/meridionale)
Chinese:
白腹毛脚燕(西部)


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum or meridionale])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum or meridionale])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum or meridionale])
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Northern House-Martin [Northern] ( Delichon urbicum [urbicum or meridionale])
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Common House-Martin (Western) ( Delichon urbicum urbicum/meridionale) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Common House-Martin (Western) ( Delichon urbicum urbicum/meridionale) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Common House-Martin (Western) ( Delichon urbicum urbicum/meridionale) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Common House-Martin (Western) ( Delichon urbicum urbicum/meridionale) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Northern House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Common House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Common House Martin ( Delichon urbicum) [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: subspecies group (sometimes a species)

This taxon is a subspecies of Delichon urbicum

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Related taxa

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Other synonyms


Afrikaans: Huisswael, Huisswael (Westelike)
Arabic: خطاف المدن, سنونو أبيض البطن (urbicuma/meridionale)
Asturian: Andarina culublanca (urbicum/meridionale), Andarina del Culu Blancu
Azerbaijani: Şəhər qaranquşu, Şəhər qaranquşu (urbicum/meridionale yarımnövü)
Belarusian: Гарадская ластаўка
Bulgarian: Градска лястовица, Градска лястовица (ssp. urbicum/meridionale)
Breton: Ar wennili-doenn
Catalan: Oreneta cuablanca, oreneta cuablanca comuna, Oreneta cuablanca comuna (urbicum/meridionale)
Catalan (Balears): Cabot
Valencian: Roquer
Czech: Jiricka obecná, jiřička obecná, jiřička obecná (ssp. urbicum/meridionale)
Chuvash: Хула чĕкеçĕ
Welsh: Gwennol y bondo
Danish: Bysvale, Bysvale, Vestlig (ssp. urbicum/meridionale)
German: Mehlschwalbe, Mehlschwalbe (urbicum/meridionale)
Maldivian: Rahmathee forike
Greek: Λευκοχελίδονο, Σπιτοχελίδονο, Σπιτοχελίδονο (urbicum/meridionale)
Greek (Cypriot): Ασπροχελίδονο
English: Common House Martin, Common House-Martin (Western), House Martin, Northern House Martin, Northern House-Martin, Northern House-Martin [Northern]
English (United Kingdom): Common House Martin (Western)
English, HBW: Northern House Martin
English (IOC): Common House Martin, Common House Martin (Western)
English (UAE): Common House Martin (Western)
English (United States): Common House-Martin (Western)
Esperanto: murhirundo
Spanish: Avión Común, Avión Común (urbicum/meridionale), Avión común occidental
Spanish (Spain): Avión común (urbicum/meridionale)
Estonian: Räästapääsuke
Basque: Enara azpizuria, Enara azpizuria (urbicum/meridionale)
Persian: چلچله دمگاه‌ سفید (urbicum/meridionale), چلچلۀ دمگاه‌سفید
Finnish: räystäspääsky, räystäspääsky (urbicum/meridionale)
Faroese: Lonasvala, Lonasvala (urbicum/meridionale)
French: Hirondelle de fenêtre, Hirondelle de fenêtre [nominal], Hirondelle de fenêtre [urbicum ou meridionale]
Frisian: Hússwel
Irish: Gabhlán Binne
Gaelic: Gobhlan-Taighe
Galician: Andoriña de cu branco, Andoriña de cu branco (urbicum/meridionale)
Manx: Gollan Thie
Hebrew: טסית, טסית בתים (מערבית)
Croatian: Piljak
Hungarian: Molnárfecske
Armenian: Քաղաքային Ծիծեռնակ, Քաղաքային ծիծեռնակ (Արևմտյան)
Indonesian: Layang-layang rumah
Icelandic: Bæjasvala, Bæjasvala (urbicum/meridionale)
Italian: Balestruccio, Balestruccio (urbicum/meridionale)
Japanese (romaji): nishiiwatsubame, nishiiwatsubame (urbicum/meridionale)
Japanese: ニシイワツバメ, ニシイワツバメ (urbicum/meridionale), ニシイワツバメ(urbicum/meridionale)
Japanese (Kanji): 西岩燕
Georgian: ქალაქის მერცხალი
Khakas: Хайа харачхайы
Kazakh: Қала қарлығашы
Kazakh (Transliteration): qala qarlığaşı
Korean: 흰턱제비, 흰털발제비
Korean (Transliteration): huin-teok-jebi
Cornish: Chycok
Kwangali: Sisampamema
Scientific: Delichon urbica, Delichon urbicum, Delichon urbicum [urbicum or meridionale], Delichon urbicum [urbicum], Delichon urbicum urbicum, Delichon urbicum urbicum/meridionale, Hirundo urbica
Luxembourgish: Hausschmuewel
Lithuanian: Langine kregžde, Langinė kregždė, Langinė kregždė (urbicum/meridionale), paprastoji langinė kregždė
Latvian: Mājas čurkste
Macedonian: Градска (Куќна) ластовица
Mongolian: Хүрээний хараацай
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠬᠦᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠴᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠦᠰᠣᠨ ᠰᠠᠪᠠᠷᠲᠣ ᠬᠠᠪᠢᠶᠠᠴᠠᠢ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Үсэн саварт хараацай
Mongolian (Transliteration): khüreeni kharaatsai
Maltese: îawwiefa
Nepali: भीरगाÄथली
Dutch: Huiszwaluw
Norwegian: Taksvale, taksvale (urbicum/meridionale)
Polish: oknówka, oknówka (urbicum/meridionale), oknówka (zwyczajna), oknówka zwyczajna
Pinyin: bái-fù máo-jiǎo-yàn
Portuguese: andorinha-dos-beirais, Andorinho-dos-beirais
Portuguese (Portugal): andorinha-dos-beirais (urbicum/meridionale), Andorinha-dos-beirais-ocidental
Romansh: Randulina clera
Romanian: Lăstun de casă
Russian: Воронок, Воронок (urbicum/meridionale)
Sardinian: Varzìa
Scots: Gobhlan taighe
Northern Sami: Beškkos, Beškkoš
Slovak: Beloritka obyčajná, belorítka obyčajná, belorítka obyčajná (skup.)
Slovenian: Mesta lastovka (urbicum/meridionale), mestna lastovka
Albanian: Dallëndyshe kërbishtbardhë
Serbian: gradska lasta, Gradska lasta (urbicum/meridionale)
Sotho, Southern: Lekabelane
Swedish: Hussvala, hussvala (urbicum/meridionale)
Swahili: Mbayuwayu-kaya
Thai: นกนางแอ่นมาตินพันธุ์ไซบีเรีย, นกนางแอ่นมาตินพันธุ์ไซบีเรีย (ตะวันตก)
Thai (Transliteration): nók naaŋ-àeen maa-tin pʰan say-bii-ria
Turkish: Ev kırlangıcı, Ev kırlangıcı (urbicum/meridionale)
Tuvinian: Хоорай хараачыгайы
Ukrainian: ластівка міська, Міська ластівка
Vietnamese: Nhạn hông trắng Xibêri
Chinese: [白腹]毛脚燕, 毛脚燕, 白腹毛脚燕(西部), 西白腹毛脚燕
Chinese (Traditional): 毛腳燕, 白腹毛腳燕〔西方毛腳燕〕

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