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Black Crowned-Crane

Balearica pavonina (Linnaeus, C 1758)

The black crowned crane is a part of the family Gruidae, along with its sister species, the grey crowned crane. It is topped with its characteristic bristle-feathered golden crown. It is usually found in the shallow wetlands of sub-Saharan Africa during the wet season, which act as its principal breeding, feeding and roosting sites although it can also be found foraging in grasslands and near croplands of dry savanna. Source: Wikipedia




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Classification
Order:
  Gruiformes
Family:
  Gruidae
Genus:
   Balearica
Scientific:
  Balearica pavonina


Original description

Citation:
  (Linnaeus, C 1758)

Reference:
   Systema Naturae ed. 10 1 p.141

Protonym:
  Ardea pavonina

Link:
  https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/727048


Avibase identifiers

Avibase ID:
  31413BFF6469FEB6

Avibase ID:
  avibase-31413BFF

Short link:
  https://avibase.ca/31413BFF


Taxonomic Serial Number:
  TSN: 176194


VULNERABLE

Geographic range:

  • Balearica pavonina pavonina: Sub-Saharan Africa (Senegambia to Lake Chad)
  • Balearica pavonina ceciliae: Sub-Saharan Africa (Chad to Ethiopia and Kenya)
English:
Black Crowned-Crane
Catalan:
Grua coronada collnegra
Czech:
jeřáb paví
Danish:
Sort Kronetrane
German:
Schwarzhals-Kronenkranich
Spanish:
Grulla Coronada Cuellinegra
Spanish (Spain):
Grulla Coronada Cuellinegra
Finnish:
kruunukurki
French:
Grue couronnée
Croatian:
krunati ždral
Hungarian:
feketenyakú koronásdaru
Icelandic:
Króntrana
Italian:
Gru coronata nera
Japanese (romaji):
kanmurizuru
Japanese:
カンムリヅル
Lithuanian:
Vainikuotoji gervė
Dutch:
Zwarte Kroonkraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk:
Svartkrontrane
Norwegian:
Svartkrontrane
Polish:
koronnik czarny
Portuguese:
Grou-coroado-preto
Russian:
Павлиний журавль
Slovak:
žurav korunkatý
Serbian:
Crni krunasti ždral
Swedish:
svart krontrana
Ukrainian:
вінценос північний
Chinese:
黑冕鹤
Chinese (Traditional):
黑冠鶴〔西非冕鶴〕


Authorities recognizing this taxonomic concept:

African Bird Club Checklist 2004:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist August 2005:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2007:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist January 2008:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist May 2009:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
African Bird Club Checklist March 2010:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts (current):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina)
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 01 (August 2013):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 02 (May 2014):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 03 (March 2015):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 04 (Aug 2016):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 05 (Jan 2017):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 06 (Feb 2018):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 07 (Feb 2020):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Avibase taxonomic concepts v. 08 (Feb 2021):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 00:
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 01:
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 02:
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 03:
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 04:
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05 (Jun 2012):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 05.1 (Oct 2012):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06 (Nov 2013):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 06.1 (Feb 2014):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 07 (Jul 2014):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 08 (Oct 2015):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09 (Dec 2016):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Birdlife checklist version 09.1 (Jun 2017):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v2 (Dec 2017):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v3 (Nov 2018):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v4 (Dec 2019):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v5 (Dec 2020):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
HBW and BirdLife Taxonomic Checklist v6 (Dec 2021):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993, révision 2009):
Grue couronnée ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Commission internationale pour les noms français des oiseaux (1993):
Grue couronnée ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 1st edition:
Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements, version 2021:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 3rd edition:
Sudan Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 4th edition:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (as published):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2000 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2001 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2002 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2003 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2004 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 5th edition (incl. 2005 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2007 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2008 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (incl. 2009 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.5 incl. 2010 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.6 incl. 2011 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.7 incl. 2012 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.8 incl. 2013 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements 6th edition (version 6.9 incl. 2014 revisions):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements, version 2015:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements, version 2016:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements, version 2017:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements, version 2018:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Clements, version 2019:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 1.50:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 1.52:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 1.53:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 1.54:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 1.55:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 2015:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 2016:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 2017:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 2018:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 2019:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
eBird version 2021:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition:
Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 2nd edition (incl. ? suppl):
Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (as published):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 1.2):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 2.1):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 3.1):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 4):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 5):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 6):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 7):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 3rd edition (incl. corrigenda 8):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (vol. 1-2):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World (vol 1-16):
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (31/01/2015):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (03/07/2017):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2017):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Handbook of the Birds of the World and Birdlife (Dec 2018):
Black Crowned-crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.0:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.5:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.6:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 1.7:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.0:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.3:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.4:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.5:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.6:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.7:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.8:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.9:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.10:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 2.11:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.3:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.4:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 3.5:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.3:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 4.4:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.3:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 5.4:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.3:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 6.4:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 7.3:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 8.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 9.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 10.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 11.2:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
IOC World Bird Names, version 12.1:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Morony, Bock and Farrand:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe (1993, including corrections up to 1998):
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Sibley and Monroe, Birds of the World Version 2.0:
Black Crowned-Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.01:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Working Group Avian Checklists, version 0.02:
Black Crowned Crane ( Balearica pavonina) [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Balearica pavonina [version 1]
Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource:
Balearica pavonina [version 1]

Taxonomic status:

Species status: full species

This taxon is considered a subspecies of Balearica [pavonina or regulorum] (sensu lato) by some authors

Your sightings

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Related taxa

Highlight taxa in a checklist (shown in red)

Other related concepts

Other synonyms

See also the taxonomic synonyms table.


Afrikaans: Mahem, Swartmahem
Azerbaijani: çələngli durna, taclı durna
Bulgarian: Коронован жерав, Черен коронован жерав
Bengali: কামরাঝুুঁটি ঳ায঳
Bengali (transliteration): kālōjhum̐ṭi sārasa
Breton: Garan kurunennek
Catalan: Grua amb caperutxo, Grua coronada collnegra, Grua coronada de coll negre, Grua coronada negra
Catalan (Balears): Grua amb caperutxo
Czech: Jeráb paví, jeřáb paví, paví
Welsh: Garan coronog
Danish: Sort Kronetrane, Sort Krontrane
German: Kronenkranich, Schwarzhals-Kronenkranich
Greek: Στεφαvoγεραvός
English: Black Crowned Crane, Black Crowned-Crane, Black-crowned Crane, Crowned Crane, Dark Crowned Crane, Northern Crowned Crane, Sudan Crowned Crane
English, HBW: Black Crowned-crane
English (IOC): Black Crowned Crane
English (Kenya): Black Crowned Crane
English (United States): Black Crowned-Crane
English (South Africa): Black Crowned Crane
Esperanto: Krongruo, Kronogruo
Spanish: Grulla Coronada Cuellinegra, Grulla Real Negra
Spanish (Spain): Grulla Coronada Cuellinegra
Spanish (HBW): Black Crowned-Crane
Estonian: põhja-kroonkurg
Basque: Kurillo koroatu
Finnish: Kruunukurki
French: Grue couronnée, Grue couronnée à cou noir, Grue noire à couronne
Friulian: grue pavonine
Frisian: Swarte kroankraan
Irish: Grús corónach
Galician: Grou coroado negro
Croatian: krunati ždral
Hungarian: feketenyakú koronásdaru
Icelandic: Króntrana
Italian: Gru coronata, Gru coronata nera, Gru pavonina
Japanese (romaji): kammuriduru, kanmurizuru
Japanese: カンムリヅル
Kabardian: кърухьэгуагуэ
Mongolian, Halh: саарал залаат тогоруу
Kazakh: сұр тәжді тырна, тәжді тырна
Kirghiz: таажылуу турна, тотутурна
Scientific: Ardea pavonina, Balearica pavonina, Balearica pavonina pavonina
Lithuanian: Karūnuotoji gervė, Vainikuotoji gervė
Latvian: Tumšā vainagdzērve
Macedonian: Црн крунест жерав
Mongolian: саарал залаат тогоруу
Dutch: Kroonkraanvogel, Zwarte Kroonkraan, Zwarte Kroonkraanvogel
Norwegian Nynorsk: Svartkrontrane
Norwegian: Svartkrontrane
Polish: koronnik czarny, Żuraw koroniasty
Portuguese: Grou-coroado, Grou-coroado-preto
Portuguese (Portugal): Grou-coroado, grou-coroado-preto
Rhaeto-Romance: Gru curunà
Romanian: Cocor negru cu coroană
Russian: Венценосный журавль, Западный венценосный журавль, Павлиний журавль
Northern Sami: Kruvdnoguorga
Slovak: Žeriav korunkatý, žeriav kráľovský, žurav korunkatý
Slovenian: Kronasti žerjav
Serbian: Crni krunasti ždral
Swedish: Svart krontrana
Swahili: Korongo Taji Mweusi
Turkish: Kara taçlı turna, Siyah taçlı turna
Ukrainian: вінценос північний, Вінценос північний, або журавель-вінценос північний, Журавель-вінценос північний
Kalmyk: залата тоһрун
Chinese: 黑冕鹤
Chinese (Traditional): 黑冠鶴〔西非冕鶴〕

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